Discuss about the Body Mechanism on Lifting and Transporting Patients.
Body mechanisms relate to the ways through which individuals move as they go about their everyday activities. It encompasses how persons hold their bodies, for example, when they sleep, bend, carry, lift, stand, or sit. It is important to note that safe patients handling, lifting, and mobility is significant in reducing patients’ injuries (Sealy et al., 2017). It is crucial for the medical professional especially nurses to learn and practice the tenets of proper body mechanisms to ensure safe and secure handling of patients. Good body mechanisms have to involve positioning as well as moving the patients’ body in such a manner that does not only restrain injury but also prevent neck and back injury as well as promote or enhance healing (Hung et al., 2017). This paper endeavors to explore body mechanisms which should be employed when lifting and transporting patients and the effect of not employing a proper body mechanics when lifting or transporting patients.
Lifting and transporting a patient would encompass reposition the patient prior to lifting to circumvent awkward or obstinate positions. The nurse should support the patient’s body as well as bring the patient from prostrate to sit on the bed’s edge before putting the patient on the transfer or transportation equipment (Wong et al., 2017). Secondly, it is vital to keep the patient’s body straight and stacked and avoid any form of twist. Keeping the weight closer to the body is also significant. Keeping or maintaining a lower center of gravity (COG) provides more leverage and influence in the transfer performance (Koh et al., 2015). The patient has to be positioned comfortably to allow easy transportation. It is significant to avoid using the back muscles to lift the patient rather use abdominal muscles, butt muscles, and leg muscles (Jusoh et al., 2018). Additionally, it is important to incorporate lordosis which involves deformation of lumbar, causing the buttocks posterior whereas making the stomach anterior.
Figure 1: hospital safety and body mechanism and patient transportation
Figure 2: A patient aligned/positioned straight being transported
Notably, when using the power lift, it is crucial to note that the lifting ought to be carried out from the waist down keeping the abs tensed, feet apart, and the back straight (Seif et al., 2013). Besides, failure to use a proper or appropriate body mechanism can result in injuries. Improper body mechanism can subject the spine to abnormal stress which in the long run can result in spinal structures, for example, joints and discs degeneration as well as wear and tear (Lee, 2011). For example, it is not proper to pull a patient up the bed or power lift using his or her shoulders since this can lead to spinal conditions and back injury. However, according to Mittal et al. (2017), it is proper to use the patient’s buttocks or legs muscles during the pulling.
In conclusion, patients’ lifting and transfer is routine work practiced by the nurses. It significant to note that improper or inappropriate lifting can result in injuries. The nurses should ensure patients’ movement and posture of the body to avert unnecessary injuries. The patient’s body should be in an aligned position, comfortable, and balanced before lifting and transportation. It is, therefore, crucial for the medical professional especially nurses to learn and practice the tenets of proper body mechanisms to ensure safe and secure handling of patients.
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