After thoroughly analyzing the different causes that led to the occurrence of the incident, one can propose a WHS plan provided with different policies that will not only strictly follow the WHS laws, codes of practice and also standards but also will help to maintain a safe environment that will be free from accidents.
Factors which culminated the need of development of WHSMS:
After properly investigating the entire accident occurrence at the organization of Salad Fresh, the following results were mainly shown to be the main contributing factors.
- The first carelessness that was noted was that proper system of cleaning and clearing the various food products that gets accumulated in the Onpack machine. When the worker tried to do so by himself, his fingers came in contact with the spinning infeller which resulted in amputation of the finger. This reflects that proper safety measurement of the machine was not implemented which could have prevented the accident like pipes guarding the access to impellers (Donham and Thelin 2016).
- It also showed that the workers were not aware of the safety measurement that they had to undertake in order to work with the different machines. They also declared that no safety training was provided to them.
- Moreover, proper supervision was also found to be absent while the machines were in use as the main supervision was not present at the site.
Employer’s negligence in maintenance of safety for the machines and also non compliance with those safety procedures are extremely important to avoid such accidents (Hammer et al. 2015). Besides these internal factors several external factors like power isolation, electricity issues and also faulty equipments were also some of the contributing factors. These showed the urgency of the development of the WHMS policy to develop the codes of practice and also the processes of the company.
WHS policy, process and also management:
The main aim of the project is to develop WHS policies which will not only monitor an resolve the health and safety issues but will also recruit responsible person to manage different concerns accordingly (Zhang et al. 2014).
- The organization should comply with that of the codes of practices mentioned in the Work Health and Safety act of 2011
The management of the organization should take responsibilities that will cover
- The provision of safe system conditions to carry on their work during salad processing.
- Undertake consultation and also cooperative programs with that of the employees to refer any health and safety issues that they are facing (Australia 2015)
- Provide proper instructions, training and supervision by higher officials on workers.
The responsibility of the workers should be
- Be careful and cautious about their safety during their duty time
- Follow directions of supervisors an wear protective equipments
- Comply with different safety rules
- Report accidents and injuries to authority (Bargar et al. 2015).
Some of the roles that need to be played by safety managers, supervisor as well as workers include:
Responsibility of the safety manager:
The previous safety procedure document was outdated. Therefore this new manager will conduct new assessment assign of the entire processes and also of equipments and accordingly will distribute the safety manuals to every employee. He should ensure that all safety measures are maintained well by everyone on the premises (Shaufeli and Taris 2014).
Responsibility of that of the Supervisor:
A new supervisor with proper knowledge of Onpack machine should be recruited who need to supervise continuously where the machines are at work. His supervision should prevent the occurrence of accidents and also provide documents with safe guarding procedures.
Relevant laws and standards:
The Work and Safety Regulation act of 2011 will help in guiding the WHS policy provided above. It will mainly help in providing effective workplace consultation, legal standards to protect employees, help organization to take effective steps in service improvement, provide training related to safety issues and also maintain high standards of WHS in salad processing. The safety culture at the premise can be made better by:
- The value of the organization should be made known to everyone through WHS policy by communication (Nicholson and Ridd 2014).
- The supervisor needs to assess the period risk management and also engage staffs for safety maintenance programs.
- Utilize the incident in order to develop hazard risk assessment so that the safety can be ensured and the consequences that occurred before could be prevented.
- Also it should be ensured that the employees should develop positive attitudes by encouraging them to discuss their opinions about the different safety insecurities that one need to have (Holy and Allen 2014).
Communication and consultation:
A communication gap was found in the organization between the employees and the higher authority. This is evident from the safety information that was not communicated properly by the higher officials with that of the workers. Therefore:
- The supervisor should consult with that of the manager regarding the Health and Safety Representation (HFR) which is mainly based on the utilization of the machines and also looking after the safety of all the workers.
- The main aim in this would be to provide detailed information about the safety procedure and the different risks that remain associated with their activities in a timely manner (Dubois and Miley 2013).
- Company will interview all their staffs about the fears they have regarding their safety issues.
- An interactive session should be help to consider the feelings of the employees in taking decisions to control risk with the resolution of safety
issues followed by the proposal of changes required in equipment and work processes.
Strategic goals and objectives:
- Ensuring that the supervisor is present at the time of processing and also during the cleanliness procedure.
- Train employees with codes of safety practice, risk assessment of equipments
- Promote consultation and communication procedure by incorporating safety regularity committee
- Making new and updated manuals for safety management by assessment of current conditions of machines and surroundings (Lingard et al. 2015).
Purchasing and hiring guideline:
Designing of the Onpack machine is found to be faulty in the sense as it lacked safety measurements for people handling them. It is said so because it did not offer any warnings or signals when the person was not acting safely or when the person was going to commit the unsafe activity. Therefore it should first be made safe in a way so that hazards can be avoided on the complete basis. Another important point is that before implementing the machines on the premise, concerned authority should take on an analysis whether the machine is safe to be run or not (WHO, 2013). Finally, machines which are not only necessary but also safe for handling should be purchased.
The safety manager has a significant duty for the risk assessment. He should perform inspection following a checklist prepared by risk assessment. This would help him to cover all areas and identify safety issues that are present at different corner of the premises. Another important arena is checking the machine again and again at right intervals to ensure that there are no threats with the machines. Therefore managers need to employ a proper safety and planned step wise measurement for identification of hazards, assessment of the levels of severity with the implementation of the effective control measures and proper reviewal of all the employers in every interval.
Incident management and procedures for corrective procedures:
Main corrective actions would include:
- From the incident of finger amputation of the employee, it is very clear that the cleaning of the pipes is a risky job and therefore it should be taken into consideration. Therefore it should be ensured to take necessary protections for minimizing access to impeller.
- If there is no financial crisis, then other safer alternative machines can be also preferred having simplified mechanical motion and also with features to reduce accidents.
- All the injuries or accidents should be reported and accordingly the supervisors should be always on foot to handle every challenging situation (Zhango et al. 2014).
- The foremost goal is prevent any such accidents in the future.
Proper training documentation is to be prepared at first.
All the workers using the machine should be trained accordingly following the safety procedure manual.
Qualified instructors will be recruited to train staffs and guide them accordingly.
Staffs need to follow generic isolation policy which will help in safety cleaning procedures.
Prevented training will be conducted to avoid any sort of hazards with impellers and electrical parts.
In case of any risks identified with machines or some queries, it should be reported to the higher officials.
- Time and investment should be made on the risk assessment procedure
- Proper implementation of WHS policy, process, safety procedure following proper planning.
- Managing of incidents after proper documentation and recording (Lingard et al 2014).
- Implementation of training manuals, instruction and training tools.
Interview review and its evaluation:
In order to evaluate the result of the implementation of the plans and the policies that have been placed in the organization, an interview session about its response and efficacy is necessary to judge them. It should include:
- Develop and judge the performance indicators to understand the staff engagement to prevent risks.
- Investigate number of changes like in the case of reducing number of injuries.
- Measure effectiveness of compliance with policies.
- Analyzing result which is based on performance of the parameters involved (Barger et al. 2015).
- Based on the various comments and statements of the workers, further assessment if needed will be conducted.
Australia, S.W., 2015. Key Work Health and Safety Statistics, Australia; 2014.
Barger, L.K., Rajaratnam, S.M., Wang, W., O’Brien, C.S., Sullivan, J.P., Qadri, S., Lockley, S.W. and Czeisler, C.A., 2015. Harvard Work Hours Health and Safety Group. Common sleep disorders increase risk of motor vehicle crashes and adverse health outcomes in firefighters. J Clin Sleep Med, 11(3), pp.233-240.
Donham, K.J. and Thelin, A., 2016. Agricultural Medicine: Rural Occupational and Environmental Health, Safety, and Prevention. John Wiley & Sons.
Dubois, B.L. and Miley, K.K., 2013. Social work: An empowering profession. Pearson Higher Ed.
Hammer, L.B., Johnson, R.C., Crain, T.L., Bodner, T., Kossek, E.E., Davis, K.D., Kelly, E.L., Buxton, O.M., Karuntzos, G., Chosewood, L.C. and Berkman, L., 2015. Intervention effects on safety compliance and citizenship behaviors: Evidence from the work, family, and health study.
Holt, A.S.J. and Allen, J., 2015. Principles of health and safety at work. Routledge.
Lingard, H., Edirisinghe, R., Harley, J. and Broadhurst, D., 2015. Utilising workers' tacit health and safety knowledge to produce inherently safer work processes: an evaluation of the CodeSafe system. In RICS COBRA AUBEA 2015 (pp. 1-8). Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.
Nicholson, A.S. and Ridd, J.E. eds., 2014. Health, Safety and ergonomics. Butterworth-Heinemann.
Schaufeli, W.B. and Taris, T.W., 2014. A critical review of the Job Demands-Resources Model: Implications for improving work and health. In Bridging occupational, organizational and public health (pp. 43-68). Springer Netherlands.
World Health Organization. Violence, Injury Prevention and World Health Organization, 2013. Global status report on road safety 2013: supporting a decade of action. World Health Organization.
Zhang, P., Lingard, H., Blismas, N., Wakefield, R. and Kleiner, B., 2014. Work-health and safety-risk perceptions of construction-industry stakeholders using photograph-based Q methodology. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 141(5), p.04014093.
Zhang60, P., Lingard, H., Blismas, N., Wakefield, R. and Kleiner61, B., 2014. ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCE/SIMILARITY BETWEEN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT PARTICIPANTS’WORK HEALTH AND SAFETY (WHS) RISK PERCEPTIONS. Achieving Sustainable Construction Health and Safety.