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BSBLDR511-Security Challenge Of Cyber Physical Systems

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  • Course Code: BSBLDR511
  • University: Victoria University
  • Country: Australia

Question:

Discuss one security challenge in modern cyber-physical systems in detail. Research the literature for existing technology that could contribute in cybercrime detection and prevention in cyber physical systems. This comprises both evolutionary computation and other computational intelligence technology.
 
 

Answer:

Introduction

A CPS or cyber physical system is a significant mechanism, which is being controlled and monitored by certain computer based algorithms. This type of system is majorly integrated with the Internet connection as well as its users (He et al. 2016). Within such cyber physical systems, the physical and even the software elements are being intertwined, where every element is operating on various temporal and spatial scales and hence exhibiting distinctive behavioural modalities. The following report outlines a brief discussion on one security challenge within the modern CPS. Existing technology for detection and prevention of such challenge will be provided here.

Discussion

Security Challenge of Cyber Physical Systems

CPS is quite similar to IoT or internet of things and they share same basic architecture. This type of system eventually presents a high combination as well as coordination within computational and physical elements. Various computational resources like local storage and processing capability are being considered in these cyber physical systems (Lee, Bagheri & Kao 2015). Numerous communication mechanisms like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, EDGE and 4Gare used for interconnection of devices to other devices and Internet connectivity. Internet of Things even consider the high level programming languages like Java, C#, JavaScript and many more for the core purpose of allowing rapid development of mobile CPS node software.

One of the most important and significant security challenges for the cyber physical systems that is extremely vital to be eradicated on time is side channel attack. This type of side-channel attack is a specific kind of attack, which is on the basis of the core information, that is obtained from subsequent deployment of computerized system and the weaknesses are removed. The power consumption, sound, electromagnetic leaks and timing information could be provided for the attackers so that they could easily exploit them (Pasqualetti, Dörfler & Bullo 2013). Some of the side-channel attacks need core technical information of every internal operation of systems. However, others like differential power-analysis are extremely efficient than black-box attacks. Due to the increase of applications of Web 2.0 as well as SaaS or software as a service, a higher chance of the probability of side channel attacks have also raised over the web. This is done in spite of the fact that transmissions within a server and a browser are being encrypted.

In cyber physical systems, there could be several attempts for breaking a crypto system either by misleading or by forcing people with legal access. However, such attempts are not termed as side-channel attacks. The general sub divisions of side channel attacks are as follows: 

 


Cache Attacks: The first and the foremost attack class is cache attack. It is based on the ability of an attacker for monitoring the cache accesses that are made by victim within a CPS as in virtual environment (Monostori, 2014).

Timing Attack: Such attacks are mainly based on the measurement of how much time do several computations undertake for performing.

Power Monitoring Attacks: Such attacks eventually make use of the varying power-consumption by hardware while computing.

Electromagnetic Attacks: These types of attacks on the leaked electro magnetic radiation that could directly give plain texts and any other data.

Existing Technology for Detection and Prevention of Identified Security Challenge

The side channel attack in cyber physical systems could be easily identified as well as prevented with the help of an existing technology of cryptographic devices (Jazdi 2014). Although, the side-channel attack utilizes physical features of cryptographic devices for finding out the cryptographic algorithm as well as secret key. There are some distinctive forms of randomization of the cipher text, which is mainly responsible for transforming the data in such a manner that could be undone even after decryption is being executed. Since CPS is a type of IoT, it is quite important to find counter measures for side channel attacks as vulnerability of data is much higher than normal (Mitchell & Chen 2014). Jamming of entitled channel with noise is the next important technique for preventing from side channel attacks.

Conclusion

Therefore, from the above discussion, it can be concluded that cyber physical systems interact with one another in various ways, which change in context. The most prominent examples of cyber physical systems are smart grid, process control system, autonomous automobile system, robotics system, medical monitoring and many more. Transdisciplinary approaches are involved in CPS and thus embedded systems are considered in the case. The above provided report has clearly outlined one security challenge for CPS and the method of detecting and preventing it. 

 

References

He, H., Maple, C., Watson, T., Tiwari, A., Mehnen, J., Jin, Y. & Gabrys, B. (2016) The security challenges in the IoT enabled cyber-physical systems and opportunities for evolutionary computing & other computational intelligence. In: IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC). Vancouver, BC. pp. 1015-1021. DOI: 10.1109/CEC.2016.7743900

Jazdi, N. (2014, May). Cyber physical systems in the context of Industry 4.0. In 2014 IEEE international conference on automation, quality and testing, robotics (pp. 1-4). IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/AQTR.2014.6857843

Lee, J., Bagheri, B., & Kao, H. A. (2015). A cyber-physical systems architecture for industry 4.0-based manufacturing systems. Manufacturing letters, 3, 18-23. DOI: 10.1016/j.mfglet.2014.12.001

Mitchell, R., & Chen, I. R. (2014). A survey of intrusion detection techniques for cyber-physical systems. ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 46(4), 55. DOI: 10.1145/2542049

Monostori, L. (2014). Cyber-physical production systems: Roots, expectations and R&D challenges. Procedia Cirp, 17, 9-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.procir.2014.03.115

Pasqualetti, F., Dörfler, F., & Bullo, F. (2013). Attack detection and identification in cyber-physical systems. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, 58(11), 2715-2729. DOI: 10.1109/TAC.2013.2266831

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