To manage a project, the involvement and consideration of ideas of all stakeholders are essential that helps to maintain the standards and help to achieve the goals and objectives. Project management refers to practices of planning, executing, monitoring, controlling and closing the specific success criteria in the specified time (Todorovi? Petrovi?, D. ?., Mihi?, Obradovi?, & Bushuyev, 2015). The report will provide information related to project management activities and plan to develop the information system for Virgin Atlantic airline. The organization has started the business on 22 June 1984 and now it is operating the business across the globe. The current fleet size of the organization is 47 and offering services at 33 destinations. The report will provide brief information for issues investigated in the project plan for managing and completing the tasks, the methodology that used for implementing the project and risks that have faced during the project. Moreover, the report will discuss the project outcome and offer recommendations for further improvement. In the end, the report will make critical reflection relating own learning in both personal and professional context.
Virgin Atlantic airline organization is looking to expand the business and improvement in the customer services. Therefore, management has decided to develop and implement the information system that could support to manage the 24*7 services using online technology. Following are the key issues that investigated for the project of developing and implementing information system:
Client needs: For every project management task, it is essential to understand and manage the needs of the client. For the particular project of Virgin Atlantic airline, the management is looking for an integrated information system that could help to collect information about employees, customer and other stakeholders (Joslin, & Müller, 2015). In addition to this, issues related to security and changes in the technology trends are also having a negative impact on analyzing and finalizing the needs of the client to develop a project plan.
Uses: The organization is going to invest huge amount for development of information system, at the initial stage the management is facing issues related to determining the usability of the management information system within the organization (Binder, 2016). The information system gets fail due to lack of user interface and knowledge related to utilization of the features in the regular working environment.
Negotiation: The negotiation plays a critical role in accepting and defining the cost of the overall project. The negotiation skills of project team member need to be high quality as they could explain each point to the client and develop the agreement for project development focusing on the legal and ethical aspects (Hornstein, 2015). For managing this issue the management has applied the Measurable Organizational Value (MOV) concept.
The planning for developing and implementing the information system for Virgin Atlantic airline is as follows:Objectives
The objectives of the project for Virgin Atlantic airline are listed below:
The scope of the project is to develop an integrated information system for Virgin Atlantic airline which helps the management in decision making and minimizing the time to respond. The scope of the project needs to be accepted by all stakeholders that help to maintain the flow in the project. However, some changes arise in scope due to technical changes, lack of clarity and disengagement of stakeholders (Kerzner, & Kerzner, 2017). These changes affect the cost and time of the project.
Following resources will be required for managing the project for Virgin Atlantic airline to meet the objectives:
Table 1: Resources
Numbers and specification
· Networking tools
· Routing kit and server setup
· Wires and cables
· Computer system
· Communication equipment
Sponsor by the Virgin Atlantic management
· Safety (Nicholas, & Steyn, 2017)
To manage the project successfully the development of Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is essential. The WBS is helpful for dividing the large activities into small phases that help the manager to increase the monitoring and progress of the project focusing on the quality and standards that are required (Heagney, 2016). The major activities of this project involve initiation, planning, development, implementation, and changes as well as closing. The manager has divided these activities into small segments for better arrangement of resources and maintaining the progress as per the determined manner. Moreover, the manager has divided these major tasks into small activities.
The initiation of the project will involve the analysis of requirements, meeting with stakeholders, risk identification and scope management. The planning activity involves design specification, development, human resources, and fund planning. Apart from that, the development stage involves the technical work, training, designing, and testing of the system (Sharon, & Dori, 2015). The manager will have special concern over the implementation stage as the integration of the information system with existing tools of Virgin is important to get the desired results. This stag will involve deployment, checking of compliance, functioning, and monitoring of the outcome for Virgin Atlantic airline. In the end, the changes and the closing stage will involve analysis of changes, re-design, testing, and implementation.
For developing and implementing the integrated information system for Virgin Atlantic airline, the project team has applied the waterfall methodology. For developing the software and designing the application, this kind of methodology is majorly used as these projects are large and involve various types of risks. Hence, consideration of each phase in a specific manner is essential, and Waterfall model helps to achieve the goals. Following are the key steps used by applying the Waterfall methodology:
Preliminary analysis: In this phase of methodology, the manager of Virgin Atlantic project has done the review of requirements of the client, what are the alternatives for the project and what is the current status of information management system within the organization (Mahadevan, Kettinger, & Meservy, 2015). This was a critical part of feasibility analysis of project which involves consideration of technical, economic and legal feasibility. This analysis has helped to start the project with precise specifications.
System analysis: By undertaking this step of project management, the manager has analyzed one or two systems considering the input of various stakeholders. This approach has helped to determine the specific requirements of the new integrated information system for Virgin Atlantic. For example, the manager has interviewed the stakeholders and gain understanding related to current issues and future needs to meet their business objectives (Mahapatra, & Goswami, 2015).
System design: According to this phase of Waterfall methodology, the manager has offered the document of system requirements to the designer team with technical details and standards that requested by the management of Virgin Atlantic. This document has helped the designer team to translate the business requirements into a technical approach. Moreover, the design team has focused on the interface, database, data input and output that desired from the information system.
Programming: The coding of the project has done at the programming phase. In this stage, the technical team has developed the integrated information system for the company by considering the design and requirements of decision making, maintaining communication with employees and customer to offer better services as well as minimization of time and internal cost (Elsayed Alharbi, AlNamlah, & Saba, 2015). The technical team has managed coding accordingly in programming to increase the compliance and functioning of the system.
Testing: This is an important part of the methodology for developing system software. In this phase, the project manager and technical team have applied the series of structural test for analyzing the effectiveness of the system. First, the team has tested the individual part of code errors and bugs in information system and then initiated the full system analysis to ensure the error-free output (Dhir, Kumar, & Singh, 2019). Finally, the user-acceptance test was applied for evaluating the standards and quality of the software.
Implementation: In this phase of system development, the project team has implemented the tested information system by integrating the components of existing software of Virgin Atlantic organization. Moreover, the technical team has provided training to the employees for utilizing the functions to utilize it as per the professional approach and manage their operations (Chari, & Agrawal, 2018).
Maintenance: This is the final phase of methodology in which the project manager and technical team has fixed the reported bugs and noted the future requirements for encouraging the effectiveness of information system.
The major highlights of the project involve consideration of ISO standard for developing and testing of the information system as project team has applied the ISO/IEC TS 25011: 2017 standards. Moreover, the project team has considered the Total Quality Management approach for ensuring the outcome desired by the Virgin Atlantic to manage the customer services and internal decision making.
The project team has faced the following issues in the development and implementation of the project:
Setting the goals:
The designer team has faced issue related to determining the goals for developing the information system. It was a large project and requires detail analysis of issues and evaluation of existing functions of the company to develop the system (Chari, & Agrawal, 2017). The team has conduct meetings and analyzed different systems for feasibility analysis to understand the critical outcome and set the goals. It has consumed a lot of time.
The system was designed and developed for the company as employees could access and analyze information and make the decisions faster and reliable manners. The development of easy user interface was the difficult part for the programmer to deal with (Kerzner, 2018). Moreover, the designing team has also faced issues related to the security to block unauthorized access.
The project management team has designed and implemented the information system successfully by considering the needs of Virgin Atlantic. The management team has focused on every aspect of the project to meet the satisfaction level of the client and applied the appropriate standards. In addition to this, the project team has offered training to the employees to manage the functions of the system as they could access the query of customer and response of team members to resolve the issues faster.
To improve the project management, it is recommended to team members to analyze the requirements of the client in a comprehensive manner which is essential to develop a clear scope. The changes in scope influence the cost and time of delivering the project. Moreover, the testing of the element at each stage of system development is required to develop an error-free information system that supports in the decision making of the client (Martinelli, & Milosevic, 2016). The development of a contingency plan is also essential for managing the issues and achieving the objectives professional manner.
The intervention is required for evaluating compliance and functionality of the information system as the regular modification in technology is changing the acceptance level and creating new requirements for utilizing the system (Sequeira, & Lopes, 2015). The project team needs to consider the future state of the information system while developing and testing.
By undertaking the project for Virgin Atlantic airline, I have gained knowledge related to the development of scope, analysis of requirements and negotiation with the client. This knowledge will help me in future planning and communication with the client related to project management. However, I have learned about the application of waterfall model for system development, but lack of professional understanding of project standards and quality management approach has affected the work. I will work on these aspects to improve the effectiveness in project management and achievement of goals. Moreover, the learning from the project has enhanced my communication, analytical and decision making skills which will be beneficial in the personal context.
From the report, it has carried out that, project management included steps like planning, implementing, monitoring and closing of the project. The report has developed a plan for managing project activities for developing an integrated information system for Virgin Atlantic airline and defined the scope and resources required for managing the activities. Moreover, the report has developed WBS which provides information about activities of the project. The report has also discussed Waterfall methodology application to achieve the objectives and manage the issues like defining goals and developing better user-interface. Apart from that, the report has provided recommendations to improve the project management planning and analyze issues.
Binder, J. (2016). Global project management: communication, collaboration and management across borders. Routledge.
Boyle, G. (2017). Design project management. Routledge.
Chari, K., & Agrawal, M. (2018). Impact of incorrect and new requirements on waterfall software project outcomes. Empirical Software Engineering, 23(1), 165-185.
Dhir, S., Kumar, D., & Singh, V. B. (2019). Success and Failure Factors that Impact on Project Implementation using Agile Software Development Methodology. In Software Engineering (pp. 647-654). Springer, Singapore.
Elsayed, H. A. G., Alharbi, A. N., AlNamlah, H., & Saba, T. (2015). Role of agile methodology in project management and leading management tools. J Bus Technov, 3, 188-193.
Heagney, J. (2016). Fundamentals of project management. Amacom.
Hornstein, H. A. (2015). The integration of project management and organizational change management is now a necessity. International Journal of Project Management, 33(2), 291-298.
Joslin, R., & Müller, R. (2015). Relationships between a project management methodology and project success in different project governance contexts. International Journal of Project Management, 33(6), 1377-1392.
Kerzner, H. (2018). Project management best practices: Achieving global excellence. John Wiley & Sons.
Kerzner, H., & Kerzner, H. R. (2017). Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley & Sons.
Mahadevan, L., Kettinger, W. J., & Meservy, T. O. (2015). Running on Hybrid: Control Changes when Introducing an Agile Methodology in a Traditional" Waterfall" System Development Environment. CAIS, 36, 5.
Mahapatra, H. B., & Goswami, B. (2015). Selection of software development methodology (SDM): a comparative approach. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 5(3).
Martinelli, R. J., & Milosevic, D. Z. (2016). Project management toolbox: tools and techniques for the practicing project manager. John Wiley & Sons.
Nicholas, J. M., & Steyn, H. (2017). Project management for engineering, business and technology. Routledge.
Sequeira, S., & Lopes, E. (2015). Simple Method Proposal for Cost Estimation from Work Breakdown Structure. Procedia Computer Science, 64, 537-544.
Sharon, A., & Dori, D. (2015). A Project–product model–based approach to planning work breakdown structures of complex system projects. IEEE Systems Journal, 9(2), 366-376.
Todorovi?, M. L., Petrovi?, D. ?., Mihi?, M. M., Obradovi?, V. L., & Bushuyev, S. D. (2015). Project success analysis framework: A knowledge-based approach in project management. International Journal of Project Management, 33(4), 772-783.
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:
My Assignment Help. (2020). Applied Workplace Practice System. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bsman-3193-applied-workplace-practice-system.
"Applied Workplace Practice System." My Assignment Help, 2020, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bsman-3193-applied-workplace-practice-system.
My Assignment Help (2020) Applied Workplace Practice System [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bsman-3193-applied-workplace-practice-system
[Accessed 28 May 2020].
My Assignment Help. 'Applied Workplace Practice System' (My Assignment Help, 2020) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bsman-3193-applied-workplace-practice-system> accessed 28 May 2020.
My Assignment Help. Applied Workplace Practice System [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2020 [cited 28 May 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bsman-3193-applied-workplace-practice-system.
MyAssignmenthelp.com is always willing to improve a student’s life. Unlike other writing services, we have our own free online word count tools that help your essay to check the count of words you have written in your assignment. With our free word count tool, you can also check how many times you have used the same word in a document. Furthermore, you can also ask our experienced essay paper editors to edit your high-school or college essay paper to remove all anomalies and submit a flawless paper.
Answer: Purpose and Functions of Human Resource Management British Airways (BA) is an international airline organization that is carrying over 33 million passengers all over the world. The company is involved in managing the cargo operations, scheduled passengers and other services. It has two bases one is Gatwick and Heathrow. It has become one of the largest multi-national airlines in the world (British Airways, 2018). To attain its busines...Read More
Answer: Introduction: I am Laura Henao, studying Bachelor of Engineering and Diploma in the field of Engineering. I am a final year student. Besides, I am focused on other subjects like environmental steams and civil, all at the University of Technology at Sydney. In my report, I have directly related various engineering practices that I have come to complete my degree. This is helpful to achieve a higher knowledge of attributes and di...Read More
Answer: Introduction A digital strategy can be stated to as a form of significant strategic management and a proper business response to the digital question that is being addresses as the part of an entire business strategy (Setia et al. 2013). This digital strategy is being characterized by an application of newer technologies to the existing business activities. The following essay focuses on a brief discussion on the broad topic that orga...Read More
Answer: Introduction: Management of people and teams is considered to be an effective approach for achieving organizational goals. This essay is a reflective analytical piece of management, people and teams. I have enjoyed this week’s reading as the way of thinking has broadened. In this essay, I would critically assess the theories related to strategic people management. I shall also throw light on the application of strategic people m...Read More
Answer Introduction This model of leadership reflects on specific characteristics of a leader that makes him or her a successful leader. These are the consistent characteristics found in a leader that are responsible for their act of leadership. Some of the traits that were identified are leadership motivation, achievement drive, self-confidence, honesty and integrity, business knowledge, cognitive ability, emotional maturity, flexibili...Read More
Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.
Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.
Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.
Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.
Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.
Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.
Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.
Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.
Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.
Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.
Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.
Our Mission Client Satisfaction
i am really disapointed and i don't know how you guys became no. 1 but please guys if you eargarly want to help doing assignment then you guys have to chose the better experts. if you go through my order assignment and give 5 mins to read then you wi...
ALMOST EVERY TIME THE WORK IS BETTER N BEST, AND THE SERVICE IS REALLY GOOD N WORK IS ALWAYS DONE BEFORE TIME
Very happy with the work performed. Web development assignment well constructed. I recommend the website. You won\'t retreat it.
Excellent WORK, very informative, right to the point and comprehensive. really the assignment made by expert