In this paper, the finer points of Management Information System will be explained, touching upon the significant changes that Information Technology has brought about in the structural and the functional level of the organisation. An enquiry will also be conducted on the necessity of implementing Information Technology at the CEO level.
The progress achieved by Information Technology has given birth to several tools adept at the effective management of information. Thus business houses have come to rely on information systems for the storage, management and analysis of data, Information system, a collection of several sub-systems that work together to achieve the tasks of collecting, store, managing, retrieving, distributing and transferring of information (Burke, 1980). Information Systems aid business grow their productivity by enhancing the operational efficiency of their business operations through the automation of vital informational procedures. He is also of the opinion that business mangers become more effective with their information demands are satisfied by information system.
Information System function has penetrated very deep into the organisational structure of large business houses across multi- functional levels such as Marketing, Finance, Human Resources, Research and Development. The information demanded varies with the organisational levels (Layton, 2007). Different business levels like strategic, operational and planning level require subsystems of Information system in order to have their demand for information satisfied. The various subsystems are listed below (Burke, 1980):
Information systems influence the organisations in which they work and is also in turn influenced by the organisation (Burke, 1980). Once a new information system is introduced, the structure, goal, work design and value design of the organisation also gets affected. The information must made in such a way it caters to the demands of the various organisational groups and is also shaped by the unique features of the organisation such as its culture, vision, activities and policy (Anderson 1992). It should cut down the costs of transaction and agent. Information System should also be such that it provides managerial support to plan, organise, decide and control the various departments. It should facilitate speed and accuracy in the monitoring, planning and forecasting process (Layton, 2007).
Information Systems in aiding business level strategy helps the business become low cost operators and effectively differentiate products and achieve a healthier relationship. It establishes achieve a great customer/supplier relationship through the use of customer response and supply chain management tools (Layton, 2007). Further, at the firm level strategy, information system facilitates the achievement of new efficiencies for better services (Austen 2006). At an industry level, Information Systems can attain a competitive advantage through the creation of a platform with the other businesses in the field for sharing information and facilitating easier co-ordination and transaction (Layton, 2007).
With the advent of IT revolution in the current decade, the inevitable structuring of all things correlating to it has become a living part of our society. As per the Cadbury recommendation, the chief executive has a pivotal role in any organization. The Information Security functioning has a tremendous effect on am organization. It also has its roots deeply spread on a wider role as it is necessary for any successful utilization of resources be it finance, human or physical. At the highest level connectivity is as important as innovation. It may be safe to say that at a CEO level information system will provide the necessary connection that will take the organization forward towards the goal of achieving a global exposure.
As per the recent journals, the best method to be implemented for the best results would be the management information system. A system that automates the results, analyses the data and generates reports (Heinrich, 2002).
Information Technology planning is of crucial importance when it comes to the success of any business organisation because it gives the business a sense of direction and connects to different business processes (Burke 1980). It helps the organisation further by reducing cost implications and minimizing wastage of time in the review process and the implementation of lifecycles of recent Information Technology resources (Beltran 1998). It ensures efficient allocation of the Information Technology resources, facilitates better flow of information in the Information Technology department (Heinrich, 2002). Financial and Information Technology departments also get better connected and co-ordinated.
In choosing an Information Technology plan for my company, I select the Plan-Driven method over the Agile development method (Baase 1996). The Plan-Method concentrates on making plans for the future. It outlines the steps and the features in a manner that everything can be traced and minute attention is paid to the details. This variety of documentation and planning leads to greater standards and minimal interruption even if any important staff leaves the company (Beekman et al 2002). The organisational requirement is analysed by the head of the organisation and using information systems coupled with software product, he tries bringing forth solutions to meet these business requirements.
The areas where Plan-Method scores over the Agile Development method are given below (Burke, 1980):
The Plan Method aims at getting timely solutions. It formalizes the system of documentation in the retention of knowledge thus providing seamless co-ordination between management team and the customer to bring about products that meet all customer requirements (Heinrich, 2002).
Prototyping is referred to as the process to build a model in the system (Englander 2000). With respect to information system, the employment of prototypes are done for helping the designers of system for building a system of information that is intuitive in nature and easy for manipulating the end users (Burke, 1980). Prototyping is referred to as a process that is iterative in nature that is a significant part in the phase of analysis related to the life cycle for the development of systems (Layton 2007). In the duration of the portion for determination of requirements related to the phase for analysis of systems, the analysts of system have been gathering information regarding the present procedures of organization and the processes of business and current procedures of the organization in relation to the system of information being proposed, if there is an involvement of one, and conducting the interviews of user and the documentation being collected (Layton, 2007). This has contributed in helping the analysts for the development of an initial combination of requirements in the system. Prototyping can result in augmenting these as there is conversion of these basic, yet these are somewhat intangible (Layton, 2007). There are specification in the tangible ones but restricted model to work with respect to the desired system of information (Viskovic et al 2008). These feedback of used gained from the development of a physical system that the users should be coming in touch, and a response of evaluation that can be employed by the analyst for the modification of present requirements along with the ones developing newly (Heinrich, 2002). Prototyping is evident in a number of different forms, from the sketches of low technology or screens of paper, from which developers and users can paste objects and controls, towards operational systems of high technology utilizing languages of different generation and across everywhere in the organization (Figierdo et al 1996).
Prototyping is a stage in software development where a basic working model of an information system or one product is built for demonstrative purposes. It is a part of the System Development Life Cycle, where a rudimentary version of a system is constructed and tested (Grotta et al 1998). Changes are kept being incorporated till the desired prototype is made. A complete system or a product is developed from this prototype. Prototyping is again best suited for human computer interface systems (Heinrich, 2002). This is because prototyping makes sure that the end user regularly works with the system thus providing constant feedback to create a user friendly system. It formalizes the system of documentation in the retention of knowledge thus providing seamless co-ordination between management team and the customer to bring about products that meet all customer requirements (Burke, 1980). The organisational requirement is analysed by the head of the organisation and using information systems coupled with software product, he tries bringing forth solutions to meet these business requirements (Ketabchi 1988).
Information is a valuable business asset which needs to be kept confidential. Information Security has thus, mammoth importance in the success of an organisation. Information Security ensures that the confidentiality, quality and the accessibility of the business information is not compromised (Heinrich, 2002). Information Security is achieved through imposing of various security measures across physical, technical and operational environment. Its main function is thus to make sure that a business handles the exchange of information in a secure system.
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:
My Assignment Help. (2016). Building And Managing Information Systems. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/building-and-managing-information-systems.
"Building And Managing Information Systems." My Assignment Help, 2016, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/building-and-managing-information-systems.
My Assignment Help (2016) Building And Managing Information Systems [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/building-and-managing-information-systems
[Accessed 20 February 2020].
My Assignment Help. 'Building And Managing Information Systems' (My Assignment Help, 2016) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/building-and-managing-information-systems> accessed 20 February 2020.
My Assignment Help. Building And Managing Information Systems [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2016 [cited 20 February 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/building-and-managing-information-systems.
At MyAssignmenthelp.com, we understand that when students get stuck with tough assignments, they look for affordable services. To assist students with complex assignments, we have built a team of skilled cheap essay writers. MyAssignmenthelp.com has become one stop solution for all students who often look for answers related to their search similar to do my essay at the cheap rate or who can write my essay at affordable prices. Students prefer hiring us as we have the best provisions to render services related to do my essay online at a reasonable rate.
Answer Essay Plan Introduction Background: This essay debates on the current and the historical state of bilingual languages on the whole but particularly talks about the aboriginal languages which are becoming extinct in Australia now days. Purpose and thesis statement: The purpose of this essay is to know about these languages, the state of the languages in Australia and the ways to retain them for the upcoming generations. Main Body...Read More
Answer: Literature review Yes, the use of different source articles are utilized in order to gather information regarding the NZ context concerning the baby food products. The evaluation of the depth market research helps in understanding the desired requirements of the customer regarding the products. According to Gioia, Sobell, Sobell, & Agrawal, (2016), Understanding of the effective target market is crucial as it helps in evalua...Read More
Answer: The indigenous or the aboriginal people in Australia are the original inhabitants of the land who have faced oppression, discrimination and humiliation for decades by the colonists. Before the year 1788, approximately 700 languages were spoken throughout Australia which hosted only the indigenous people with a population of 7,50,000. The country used to be a land of diverse cultures. The aboriginal Australians constitute to 3% of the t...Read More
Answer: Introduction In general, the concepts associated to the conceptual framework is identified with several factors which are used by the businesses for financial reporting. The main aspects of the conceptual framework used by the business relates to the presentation of annual reports of an organization. The information provided in the conceptual framework is identified to be conducive for solving number of business problems which may be ...Read More
Answer: 2. Estimation of the passenger demand and the sizing-check against the specification. Office floor area = (266.16m2)/12 = 22.18m2 = 23 people per floor 23× 10 = 230 total population = 230 × 8 =184 80% of the total population Sizing= 300/ 30 (number of trips in I minute) = 10 trips Number of people per trip = 23/10 2.3 2.3 people per trip Required cost = 2.3 Required cost = 2.875 Question 2 b Handling ...Read More
Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.
Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.
Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.
Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.
Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.
Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.
Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.
Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.
Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.
Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.
Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.
Our Mission Client Satisfaction
The writer followed directions well. Gave great detail. Work was delivered within the given time.
Work was delivered within the time frame given. Work was just as I expected. Well written.
Great quality paper, very impressive! Very happy about the writer! .....................................................................................................................
great work! delivered on time, the questions are sloved in details and clearly explained