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BUS105 Business Information Systems Disruptive Technology

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  • Course Code: BUS105
  • University: Kaplan University
  • Country: United States


In order to complete a final report you will have to find and read relevant articles on your chosen topic and write a report supported by this information in your own words. A minimum of five (5) references should be listed, and Harvard referencing should be used.

PART A: Chose a disruptive technology from an industry of your choice.

PART B: Describe some history in relation to the technology and the industry you chose.

For example, ATM machines. Before ATM machines were introduced customers went into the back and interacted with the bank tellers. There was a lot more manual handling of money. Customers can now access their money when the bank is closed and do not need any human contact.

PART C: Discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of the disruptive technology that you chose.

PART D: Discuss the ethical, legal and security implications/concerns of the technology that you chose.




This report will enlighten on cloud computing as one of the disruptive technology. Technology that displaces the residing technology from industry and changes present scenario is referred to as disruptive technology (Boccardi et al. 2014, pp.74-80). Cloud computing is disruptive because it has changed the existing condition of the IT industry. It has changed the need to manage all infrastructures locally. They are now being managed with the help of data centers using cloud computing. The following paragraphs will deal with a brief history, advantages and disadvantages as well as the ethical, legal and security issues related to the disruptive technology that is cloud computing.


The technology first evolved in 1963. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency invested $2 million on MIT for the MAC project (Botta et al. 2014, pp. 23-30). The investment requires MIT to make a computer that would be used by more than two persons. Therefore, they made a gigantic computer with large number of magnetic tapes that would store large amount of data. This technology came to be known as cloud computing. A number of people accessed the computer that was developed. This technology was also referred to as virtualization. The technology became popular once the effectiveness and usefulness of it was properly understood. Salesforce was the first company to use cloud computing successfully in 1999 (Satyanarayanan 2015, pp.19-23). They made use of cloud computing that deliver end users with software programs. Second was Amazon that made the complete use of this new technology in 2000. Amazon used the cloud model to make their computers capacity more efficient. They went on developing and researching on cloud computing and in 2006 Amazon Web services was launched that offers online services to other websites. Google also launched Google Docs services in the same year. Netflix was also benefited by cloud for streaming its video services in 2007. In the next year, NASA launched an open-source software known as OpenNebula for deploying private and hybrid clouds. In 2012, Oracle launched Oracle cloud that offered the three cloud services IaaS (Infrastructure as a service), SaaS (Software as a service) and PaaS (Platform as a service).


Advantages and disadvantages:

There are numerous advantages that are derived from cloud computing. They are discussed as under:

  • Continuous services are provided by cloud that can be relied on. The services can be accessed from anywhere whether on line or off line.
  • The services that are provided by cloud needs no expenditure of money. The hardware that is used to set up cloud computing is not costly (Apostu et al. 2013, pp.118-123). Money is required only for the subscription plan and for availing the services offered by cloud.
  • The software used by organisation is automatically updated by the use of cloud. Therefore, the crucial time that would be wasted on maintaining the system would be saved.
  • The facility provided by cloud is flexible and can be changed according to the prevailing circumstances of the users. For instance, promotion of sales will require more capacity (Moharana Ramesh and Powar 2013, pp.101-108). Cloud will provide the flexibility to its users to increase the capacity immediately so that the loss of sales and crash of servers are eliminated.
  • It provides great security to data that is lost. The data is stored in the system and therefore can be accessed even if the computer goes to wrong hands. Data can be also be erased from the lost computers.
  • With the use of cloud computing, organisations are able to manage and maintain the IT infrastructures properly.

Along with the advantages there lies some disadvantages of using cloud computing. They are as follows:

  • Cost of implementing cloud computing in a large business organisationmight not be expensive. However, it might be expensive for small-scale businesses.  
  • Cloud computing faces another disadvantage of vendor lock-in. The platforms that are used by various vendors might create problem to shift from one cloud platform to another (Modi 2013, pp.561-592). Additional costs might also be required to do the same.
  • The cloud vendors might find it difficult to access the cloud services. They have limited control over the services.
  • The components in cloud are online and therefore they are more vulnerable to unauthorized access. They experience attacks and breaches when data are hacked from the system.

Ethical, legal and security issues:

Cloud computing is an emerging technology, that has several legal and ethical issues. Data protection laws in various countries are more or less similar (Kshetri 2013, pp.372-386). However, the laws that are followed for data protection in cloud computing are different in different countries. For example, data privacy is an important aspect in Europe, however, there is no data protection law in US. This legal issue exists as the users feel that their personal information are not secured. The ethical issue that exists for the use of cloud computing is that the data that are being transferred via cloud might go under the control of other countries where data is not protected. Some other legal and ethical issues faced by cloud computing are the type of data loaded in the cloud and the ownership of this data.

The security issues of cloud computing are the various types of attack that the system faces like the distributed denial of service attack (Hashem et al. 2015, pp.98-115). The users also face security issues due to employee negligence, shared services of cloud computing and inadequate backups. The systems become vulnerable to attacks when huge amount of data are transferred through internet.


From, the above discussions it can be concluded that cloud computing act as an emerging technology that existed in the past and has been derived from past technologies. There are various advantages and disadvantages of this technology. Despite of the disadvantages cloud computing has become popular among business organisation. There exists a large number of solutions for cloud data protection. The cloud vendors should make use of these solutions to protect the data that are being transferred with the help of cloud computing.



Apostu, A., Puican, F., Ularu, G., Suciu, G. & Todoran, G., 2013. Study on advantages and disadvantages of Cloud Computing–the advantages of Telemetry Applications in the Cloud. Recent Advances in Applied Computer Science and Digital Services, pp.118-123.

Boccardi, F., Heath, R.W., Lozano, A., Marzetta, T.L. & Popovski, P., 2014. Five disruptive technology directions for 5G. IEEE Communications Magazine, 52(2), pp.74-80.

Botta, A., De Donato, W., Persico, V. & Pescapé, A., 2014, August. On the integration of cloud computing and internet of things. In Future internet of things and cloud (FiCloud), 2014 international conference on (pp. 23-30). IEEE.

Hashem, I.A.T., Yaqoob, I., Anuar, N.B., Mokhtar, S., Gani, A. & Khan, S.U., 2015. The rise of “big data” on cloud computing: Review and open research issues. Information Systems, 47, pp.98-115.

Kshetri, N., 2013. Privacy and security issues in cloud computing: The role of institutions and institutional evolution. Telecommunications Policy, 37(4-5), pp.372-386.

Modi, C., Patel, D., Borisaniya, B., Patel, A. & Rajarajan, M., 2013. A survey on security issues and solutions at different layers of Cloud computing. The journal of supercomputing, 63(2), pp.561-592.

Moharana, S.S., Ramesh, R.D. & Powar, D., 2013. Analysis of load balancers in cloud computing. International Journal of Computer Science and Engineering, 2(2), pp.101-108.

Satyanarayanan, M., 2015. A brief history of cloud offload: A personal journey from odyssey through cyber foraging to cloudlets. GetMobile: Mobile Computing and Communications, 18(4), pp.19-23.


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