Discuss about the Business Academic Skills for Global Business Standard Codex.
Over the years the demands of the consumers have shifted thus the business conduct of the textile, footwear, and clothing industries have also changed. The ideology that the quality products can only be found in the developing countries, has shifted to the perception that quality is somewhat related to fast fashion. Thus these leads to the issues with the Global Business Standard Codex (GBSC) such as exploitation of the workers, bribery and citizenship principles. The demand in favor of the business conduct within the industry and especially in the developing countries help in providing tools for the economic growth of the employees thus helping the developing countries to grow as well. Thus it also gives a competitive advantage to the industries participating in these nation's markets. The main scope of the GBSC is to create an equilibrium so that the organizations could develop their manufacturing and production relationship and in doing so help put a higher focus on the socially responsible behavior.
The empirical research of the attitudes of the people as an individual or as a group is known as descriptive ethics. The main aim of the descriptive ethics is to explore beliefs of the people in things such as morals, things which are right and which are wrong, which attitudes of the moral agents are righteous (Crinis, 2010).
After all the criticism and hindrance the conduct of the corporate codes still continue to dominate the Corporate social Responsibility and the informal exploitation of the regulation of the workers and the abuse done by the sweatshop supplying the northern MNCs. By going through the existing empirical and literature evidence of the Vietnamese case studies two factors can be stated for the poor performances of the code of conducts (de Graaf, 2006). It can be seen that the control that the MNCs have on its subcontracting suppliers are misleading and misquoted as the suppliers operate as networks not as hierarchies as misjudged by the conception of a principal-agent factor. Thus regarding the network of conflicting of economic and political imperatives as relationships leads to the second factor derived from the sources. The intermediary vendors, factory workers, subcontractor employers as well as the MNCs seeking the code of conduct commitments are keen on violating the key aspects of the codes and misleading the auditors. Thus these analysis leads to the fact that the COCs value leads to the disadvantage of the women workers working in these industries (Hoang and Jones, 2012).
Cause of Analytical Ethical Dilemma
The culture of various companies is different but among all these, some companies excel in results and profits. The management gives less emphasis in ethical breaches if the worker produces a result as per as the expectation of the company. The whistleblowers feel reluctant to bring light to these breaches as they fear they might be considered not to be a team player and untrustworthy. Thus these leads to the ethical dilemmas due to the immoral pressure inflicted upon them by their bosses or when some particular employees feel that they can bring out the bad behavior of the co-workers or the seniors (Tokatli, 2007).
Which Stakeholders who are Impacted and How?
The analysis on the impact of the stakeholders comprises of two elements assessment of impacts and inventory of impacts within the SA framework. The inventory mainly deals with the social and environmental impacts (Snyder, 2010). The impact can be demonstrated as falling along a continuum from a positive towards negative. The mapping system for the engagement of the stakeholders involves two aspects stakeholders' importance and the stakeholders' perception. The evaluating model assesses the stakeholder perception from positive to negative and the importance of the stakeholder from low to high. The assessment of the stakeholder importance can be assessed by the theory of the stakeholder by Mitchell which is based on three main aspects the power of the stakeholder to influence on the organization, the relationship between the organization and the stakeholder, and the effect of the stakeholder's claim on the organization. These framework helps to evaluate the result of multiple stakeholders involved and the social and environmental impacts associated with specific stakeholder (Vinnikov, Allison and Fernandes, 2016).
What Stakeholders Should do to Improve the Ethical Dilemma
The ethical decisions are made every day but it is also mandatory to reflect on what these familiar activities involve. The ethical decision is an act of individual decision making having grounded in unique personal perspective. Thus when a stakeholder tries to influence a decision-making they should do so by producing beliefs and desires appropriate for making a perfect decision (Kozlowski, Bardecki and Searcy, 2012). Ethical decisions are choices which could harm others thus the stakeholders should have an overall perspective before taking any kind of decision. The ethical decisions are tied to individual relationships and roles. The obligations arise from various social norms thus sometimes result in obligations for the decision maker. The ethical decision should be well governed by the principles of general ethics. The Stakeholder should analyze well before taking any decision as the ethical problems are hard to recognize (Ozer Keskin, 2013).
Opposing/Counter Argument by Discussing What is Happening and Impacts to Stakeholders
The CSR practices do benefit business performances of the clothing, footwear and the apparel industry but there are organizations who also talk of other benefits as well. The CSR can improve the employee retention and recruitment process, have greater consumer loyalty by differentiating brands, do manage to reduce environmental risks in order reduce harmful accidents (Lybecker, McBeth and Stoutenborough, 2016). These help not in financial gains but also environmental and social benefits. The conservative mentality is that the organization's sole purpose should increase the return to the stakeholders not having any kind of responsibilities towards the society. They argue that the managers should not hold social cause for the diverse set of the owners. They believe that the organization’s benefit society best by distributing more profits to the owners. After which they can make charitable donations to make other society responsible actions (Lybecker, McBeth and Stoutenborough, 2016).
The report does have a thorough understanding of the various GSBC impacts that the textile, footwear and apparel industries do face. The various ethical dilemmas that are there on loose and are very less regarded as mandatory aspects. The roles of the employees on how they increase these ethical dilemmas and what the stakeholders can do to appropriate steps so that there is not wrong design taken. Also, the some ideas of the conservative thinkers are highlighted which could reflect the whole scenario.
Crinis, V. (2010). Sweat or No Sweat: Foreign Workers in the Garment Industry in Malaysia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 40(4), pp.589-611.
de Graaf, G. (2006). Discourse and descriptive business ethics. Business Ethics: A European Review, 15(3), pp.246-258.
Hoang, D. and Jones, B. (2012). Why do corporate codes of conduct fail? Women workers and clothing supply chains in Vietnam. Global Social Policy, 12(1), pp.67-85.
Kozlowski, A., Bardecki, M. and Searcy, C. (2012). Environmental Impacts in the Fashion Industry.Journal of Corporate Citizenship, 2012(45), pp.16-36.
Lybecker, D., McBeth, M. and Stoutenborough, J. (2016). Do We Understand What the Public Hears? Stakeholders’ Preferred Communication Choices for Discussing River Issues with the Public.Review of Policy Research, 33(4), pp.376-392.
Ozer Keskin, M. (2013). "What should i do?" Making ethical decision in certain hypothetical cases.International Journal of Academic Research, 5(6), pp.87-98.
Snyder, J. (2010). Exploitation and Sweatshop Labor: Perspectives and Issues. Bus. Ethics Q., 20(02), pp.187-213.
Tokatli, N. (2007). Global sourcing: insights from the global clothing industry the case of Zara, a fast fashion retailer. Journal of Economic Geography, 8(1), pp.21-38.
Vinnikov, M., Allison, R. and Fernandes, S. (2016). Impact of depth of field simulation on visual fatigue: Who are impacted? and how?. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 91, pp.37-51.