Reflect on the Management research literature you have read throughout your Programme and its Potential value for Informing Management Practice.
This paper is going to incorporate three of the scholarly articles to find out the effective management research technique. The papers “The Effect of Ethnic Diversity on Expatriate Managers in their Host Country”, “Understanding and supporting the career implications of international assignments”, “Cross-cultural training and expatriate adjustment: A study of western expatriates in Nigeria” have been regarded as examples of management research techniques. This paper also takes into consideration the book written by Smith, Thorpe and Jackson named Management Research considered and saw the busy concepts for the link to business management. The book has been written on the basis of research method. The business management system technique used by the authors has been quite helpful for the management students to generate a basic idea of what business management is. As a matter fact, during the course, it has been quite helpful for every individual who is concerned about the management studies. This paper is going to illustrate two of the chapters in the book- the first one introducing management in business research and the second the philosophy of management research. The scholarly activities on how business research is conducted would be at least assisted by a conceptual framework in both the cases. The first chapter encompasses the nature of management in business research examples talked about the skills in resources and there different levels and outcomes in business management. The writers also raised the question whether management research is distinctive. The second chapter of the book, “the Philosophy of management research” encompasses the philosophical debates on what realism is to some extent what nominalism is.
The author also linked ontology and methodology that have been the strengths and weaknesses of the conventional traditions of business research method. The book has been quite helpful in providing comprehensive coverage of research methodology in management and business strata. The book begins with the conceptualization of three features of Management one that begins with and understanding of qualitative and quantitative method; the second has been the hypothetical understanding with the help of measurement and statistical analysis the second important feature of the book pertains to the debate on what actually academic theory is (Freeman & Lindsay, 2012). These have been incorporated while proceeding with a decision making procedure since the decision is a collaborative step that is structured with the combination of ideas of the teammates, this process can be taken into consideration with effectiveness. Three different methods of research have been taken into consideration- empirical research method; qualitative study and quantitative survey method. Among these three methods empirical and quantitative survey methods are similar to each other. As a matter of fact, both empirical study and the quantitative study imply the same methods as they both incur first hand data retrieval process. However, empirical research process does not only focus on the retrieval of quantitative data, they can also be used to retrieve qualitative data.
The management research literature that I have been reading throughout my academic course and program has remained valuable in terms of evaluating my works and understanding of my course. Each of the examples cited in the book has been empirical without a superficial indication towards the business practices. Three of the examples cited in the book have been approaching towards actual business problems that have been studying time. Manager can incorporate all the threes while judging the business research procedure. The book begins with the interpretation of Chinese philosophers Mencius. Some modern use of the term management has been quite phenomenal in the 21st century. The authors have observed that the business schools incorporating management studies have been facilitating millions of students with the understanding of business research perspective. Our managerial practicing in a business organization would be dealing with decision theory, work activity, competency and critical management theory that can be incorporated from the provided book. What the understanding of the views of management such as classical management views human relations decision theory’s competencies work activities critical and situational process etc. get clear indication of periodic understanding of different ages and the dominant power of Management studies (Doherty, Luethy & DOsborn, 2011) Empirical data retrieval process is highly significant for a manager as it moves beyond the theories and focuses on the practical understanding and conceptuality of research. In each of the examples cited above, the technique of data retrieval has been talked about. As a matter of fact, this has been taken in to certain consideration pertaining to the effective research method and authentication of data has to be taken into the exact understanding of the basic case. This has to be taken into certain understanding of the process that has to be regarded as the tools for the managers to devise effective research process. I have considered the empirical research method as the most effective and authentic one as it involves sub methods i.e. participant’s observation method. On the other hand, the retrieval of data through qualitative method can be incorporated through the extensive study of articles, research works and the books.
Having read the literature, three differences have been detected while discussing the course of Management Studies. I personally believe that three of these research methods are having different instinctive nature that would agree with the topic that a manager or a student is dealing with. The dynamic capabilities of these three states can be studied in different ways of a management discourse. The managerial concern is taken into consideration. The decision making process can vary through the differences in research approach. For example, the approach of positivism can lead to the understanding of both statistical and qualitative data. On the other hand realistic approach to the research can deal with the convincement of the data that is authenticated from different sources. As a matter of fact, this book is going to dynamically illustrate and elucidate the writing skills and qualities of the research method (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe, & Jackson, 2012). As a manager or organizational leader I would tend to follow observation participant research method that would have direct impact upon my decision making process. The reason behind choosing such method is that I would be able to retrieve data directly from the events and the occurrences. The retrieved data would be much authentic and this would help me taken decisions without depending on the secondary data source as I shall have experienced the organizational process.
There are some possible reasons behind similarities and differences in all these three approaches. The similarities lie in the fact that all these research approaches constitute of quantitative data. In order to comprehend the retrieval of qualitative data, it needs to be taken into certain consideration that majority of the cases a hypothetical statement or thesis is proposed (Okpara & Kabongo, 2011). The hypothesis needs to be proven with the help of quantitative data the differences lies in this fact that the approach would vary while addressing to qualitative data as well as quantitative data. In this case the data analysis process in a business research method can be addressed with effective validation of data. However, both quantitative and qualitative data have equal potentials since they would be adding to the research policies. As a matter of fact all the research entities are to be taken into certain account that the research approaches would be differently validated.
Fig: Research Method Brainstorming
Source: Created by the Author
Explanation of Brainstorming Map:
According to the brainstorming map, the centralized idea has been management research topic. It is driven through the identification and utilization of knowledge. Utilization of proper knowledge regarding management subject in various fields can be helpful to identify the gaps. Identification of gap in different literatures becomes an important task for every researcher. Identification of such gaps leads to decision making process of research approach. Research approach can be segmented into three categories such as positivism realism and interpretivism. These are the basic structures that can be used and formulated in a research method. However, research approach can be linked with different types of research methods- qualitative, formulative and descriptive. In order to conduct a research in a shared activity, the process can be conflicted by several decisions. However, this has to be taken into consideration that most of the decision making process has been democratically comprehended and framed within a particular research technique that would find out the effective usage of the method
Collings, D. G., N. Doherty, M. Luethy, & D. Osborn, (2011) ‘Understanding and Supporting the Career Implications of International Assignments’, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 78 (1) pp. 361-371
Easterby-Smith, M., R. Thorpe, & P. Jackson, (2012) Management Research, 4th edition, London: SAGE Publications
Freeman, S., & S. Lindsay, (2012) ‘The Effect of Ethnic Diversity on Expatriate Managers in Their Host Country’, International Business Review, 21 (1) pp. 253-268
Okpara, J. O., & J. D. Kabongo, (2011) ‘Cross-Cultural Training and Expatriate Adjustment: A Study of Western Expatriates in Nigeria’, Journal of World Business, 46 (1) pp. 22-30