There have been a high number of researches by renowned names such as Prentice, Smith, Lau on the effect of diet specially in case of vegetarians and the non-vegetarians on the risk of having the dreaded disease of bone that is the osteoporosis. Although studies conducted on the female population of Australia including both vegetarians and the non-vegetarians were unable to link the dietary cause with the risk of increased fractures or osteoporosis (AlOmran, 2010). According to Marsh one of the prime researchers of earlier conducted studied stated that there had been increased chance of having the disease to women who were vegetarians but another study conducted by Davey of the same research group implicated in the point that the low intake of protein and vitamin d by the women meat eaters raised their chance of having the disease. Studies conducted in the Australian female population by Chlu and others like Larsson, Johansson, and Parsons etc. Also referred to the fact that the risk factor of attaining the disease was considered to be high in among vegetarians who were vegan also. Overall the researchers couldn’t create a link between the effects of being vegetarians or non-vegetarians and the risk of having the osteoporosis among the women population (Bawa, 2010). The design constructed for these researches was the respective inclined study of self-reported osteoporosis risk among the women population of Australia at followed up. The sampling method applied by them was survey reports on the females. Thereby the researchers conducted earlier showed that there has been a gap of knowledge in the researches which was insufficient evidence to state a reasonable link between the osteoporosis risk among the vegetarians and non-vegetarian females in Australia. Therefore a future research needs to be conducted to know the answers of the above stated research questions.
The link between the effects of being vegetarian and vegetarians on the increased risk of attaining osteoporosis among the Australian female population to depict the reasons that causes behind the high risk among females of attaining the disease.
On the basis previous researches conducted by previous researchers it could be clearly stated that there were no clear indication of a correlation among impacts of being a vegetarian female or being a non-vegetarian female of Australian on attaining the dreaded disease of bone density.
H0:There is a link between the effects of being vegetarian and vegetarians on the increased risk of attaining osteoporosis among the Australian female population.
H1: There is no link between the two.
The review of the literature has guided the researcher to bring in light the above stated hypothetical statements (Bombak & Hanson, 2016). The future research would thereby lead to the nullification of one of the statements clearly stating the causes of osteoporosis among different dietary methods.
The research design would be based on a descriptive and correlative type along with a certain level of semi experimental analysis to make the research more analytical and elaborative (Burckhardt, Dawson-Hughes & Weaver, 2010). In addition to this the design would help to observe the current issues related to the research and would describe the reasons behind the future proposed research. The research would be conducted mainly among two different female populations for duration of two months to comprehend the correlation and investigate the key reasons behind the high risk of disease.
The sampling technique that would be used is convenience type. It is a type of non-profitable type of sampling technique (Christopher , 2010). This method applies collection of data on the basis of surveys conducted and since the research involves clinical issues therefore the data would also be collected on the basis of the experimental process conducted also. The main population that would be targeted for this would be both vegetarians and non-vegetarian female population of Australia . The size of the population would be about 25 each. The inclusion and exclusion criteria that would be pursued are the age, diet and the previous health history along with presence of any kind of physical or mental disorder.
The data collected would be primarily quantitative type. That is the primary data would be used. The primary data of a research includes surveys and interviews. But in this future research proposal the main primary data type would be surveys (Holzer, Leithner & Holzer, 2015). The surveys that would be conducted plays a prime role in the research as would depict a quantitative data regarding the number of vegetarians and non-vegetarian’s females have the osteoporosis or are at a high risk of having it. To check the validity and reliability of the data collected certain tools would be used such as internal consistency for checking the correlation between the inter items and face or content validity tool to know whether the collected data do represent the different hypothesized domains.
The descriptive statistics used would be two graphical representations. The one graph would be between age of the females and the non-vegetarians diet and the other would be the graph between the age of the female and the vegetarians’ diet (Korzh & Diedukh, 2010). While the hypothetical testing or correlation testing would invariably help in determining the risk of the disease among the female population as it would be practically impossible to determine this data on the overall women population of Australia.
Australian Health Ethics Committee would be the ethical committee where this research proposal application would be submitted for conducting the future research.
Limitation of the study
Every research study has some limitations or the other. Here the prime limitation would be in terms of time and money (Nguyen, Wang, & Okamura, 2014). Funding for this future research would be of immense importance to conduct it as this proposed study would require setting up surveys in large numbers.
Significance of the study
This proposed research would help in connecting the link between the effects of the diets in terms of being vegetarians and non-vegetarians among the Australian females and would provide a significant view to know the causes and among whom stated above there is an increased risk of osteoporosis. In addition to this it would fill up the gap of knowledge of the previous researches.
Justification of proposed synopsis
The synopsis being provided above for the researches would definitely help in conducting the future research. As the techniques put forward would provide ample facility to conduct such kind of research .The type of sampling techniques, data collection methods stated above would be favourable in the conduction as they are considered to be the most best suited techniques for this future proposed study. In addition to this for such kind of clinical research proposal it is important to use tools and techniques that provide the most accurate and practical knowledge. And for this all the above provide equal justification for their usage in the proposed study.
AlOmran, A. (2010). Osteoporosis-Related Simultaneous Four Joints Fractures and Dislocation after a Seizure: A Case Report. Journal Of Osteoporosis, 2010, 1-4. https://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2010/808341
Bawa, S. (2010). The Significance of Soy Protein and Soy Bioactive Compounds in the Prophylaxis and Treatment of Osteoporosis. Journal Of Osteoporosis, 2010, 1-8. https://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2010/891058
Bombak, A., & Hanson, H. (2016). Qualitative Insights from the Osteoporosis Research: A Narrative Review of the Literature. Journal Of Osteoporosis, 2016, 1-17. https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7915041
Burckhardt, P., Dawson-Hughes, B., & Weaver, C. (2010). Nutritional Influences on Bone Health (1st ed.). London: Springer-Verlag London Ltd.
Christopher Reed. (2010). Review. Comparative Literature Studies, 47(1), 110. https://dx.doi.org/10.5325/complitstudies.47.1.0110
Holzer, L., Leithner, A., & Holzer, G. (2015). The Most Cited Papers in Osteoporosis and Related Research. Journal Of Osteoporosis, 2015, 1-12. https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/638934
Korzh, M., & Diedukh, N. (2010). Prophylaxis of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures (a review of literature). ORTHOPAEDICS, TRAUMATOLOGY And PROSTHETICS, 0(3), 120. https://dx.doi.org/10.15674/0030-598720103120-124
Nguyen, V., Wang, Z., & Okamura, S. (2014). Osteoporosis Health Beliefs of Women with Increased Risk of the Female Athlete Triad. Journal Of Osteoporosis, 2014, 1-5. https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/676304