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Choose a business for which an information system is needed and specify what motivates you to select this topic.
You are strongly recommended to discuss the topic with your Lecturer before commencing the tasks. The report is separated into three sections. You will be submitting the final report (all the 3 sections) through Turnitin.

For this task, you should submit an assignment proposal. The written report should include at least the following:
a. Introduction
b. background information about the organization (you should explain about your reference system)
c. statement of the problem to be solved
d. how the information system can solve their problems
e. Objective for the proposed system

You should submit a requirement specification document limited to the list of functionalities to be included as well as the non-functional requirements.
a. The fact-finding techniques should be clearly explained with proper justification. You have to provide evidence of contact with people, organisation or reading documents. (Interviews, questionnaires, sample forms or documents)

b. There should be a minimum of 5 functional and 3 non-functional requirements. Each requirement MUST be explained in a paragraph.
c. Explain how the business (in your case) can be benefited from information system.

NOTE: The evidence of the fact-finding MUST be attached in the appendix (e.g. if you use questionnaire technique, a sample of questions should be available to proof your work.

The logical design of the system MUST match the requirements. Following parts should be included in Task 3:
a. Context- level DFD diagram.
b. Create an event table for the high level events that your system must be able to respond to. The table should contain the events, trigger, source, use case, response and destination.
c. Draw a use case diagram to summarize the users of your system and their interactions with the system or DFD Level-0 with all the processes, data flows and data stores.

NOTE: Each diagram MUST be explained in details. Do not draw the diagram WITHOUT explanation. You are required to use MS-Visio to design the above diagrams. Screenshots, images and etc. will NOT be accepted.

Challenges Faced by E-commerce Industry

E-commerce websites have emerged as one of the favourite destination for the people for different purposes from transaction to shopping. With the surge of internet users are the traffic on the e-commerce sites are increasing and witnessing at the demand for e-commerce multiple organisations have jumped in the field of e-commerce. The competition and huge traffic has also created problems for the e-commerce organisations. However, the challenges for the online business are mitigatable and one of the technology that can offer its assistance in the mitigation process is the Information system. The devised report will discuss the challenges faced by the e-commerce industry and how IS can assist in mitigating the identified challenges. To pursue with the discussed objective, the paper will take consideration of an online furniture shop and attempt at developing a suitable plan for the IS.

Online businesses are witnessing a major surge in their sales however, some products are available which the customers believe they should buy through traditional means and one of such means is furniture. Hence, the online furniture websites are not succeeding fulfilling their organisational objective. Additionally, the process from purchase to delivery of the furniture is also very complexed and various other challenges are also involved in it. However, the deemed challenges can be mitigated through the adoption of IS. According to the need of online furniture business’s needs The IT infrastructure must be developed. Hence, the IS that will be pursued in the discussed paper should support SEO (Search Engine Optimisation) to surge the traffic over the websites. Additionally, the system should also be capable of mitigating the complexity involved in the purchase to delivery process for which supply chain management, customer relationship management, inventory management and accounting information along with several other factors must be supported by the system. The support for data analytics to predict the needs and desires of the online visitors would also enhance the sales of the organisation. Hence, taking the above facts in consideration the system for the online furniture shop will be devised.

The objective of the proposed paper is to devise a plan that could mitigate the most prominent that an online furniture website faces. Hence, taking the above-stated fact into consideration the problem statement for the proposed paper is to devise an IS system model that could mitigate the challenges for an online furniture shop and in the process offer the organisation a competitive advantage while maintaining its sustainability.

Information Systems: A Proposed Solution

The proposed report has played its focus on the IS to mitigate the challenges faced by an online furniture shop. The reason for suggesting the IS as the most appropriate solution to mitigate the challenges faced by the online furniture website lays basis on the fact that IS is an umbrella under which different technological achievements rests. The accounting information systems which falls under the umbrella of IS will assist the deemed organisation to omit the challenges associated purchase to delivery process. It will automate the purchasing process reducing the chances of error and will also be able to maintain the supply chain adequately to deliver the organisational offering to the consumer in-time and in proper condition which will enhance the goodwill of the organisation. Followed by the inventory management which will ensure that the organisation is capable of delivering the goods in-time and even ensures that the organisational resources are well maintained. The online furniture website does not witness a regular flow of customers because furniture’s are not purchased every day and hence, it becomes mandatory for the deemed organisations to maintain a sound consumer base by providing different offers and adequate service. The IS can even offer assistance in the discussed area through it CRM (customer relationship feature) which will collect the data of the customers and devise strategies that may include loyalty programs, discounts and others to keep the customer happy and satisfied.

Additionally, the IS will also assist the organisation in the transaction processes which will include payment made for buying of stocks and the payments received from the customers. The deemed process will be simplified and secure because as the transactions will be made online so, the troubles of the banks will be avoided along with proper documentation of the transaction processes. The documentation of the documents will assist the organisation in the auditing processes and will also ensure that the organisation stays away from the legal or tax trouble which cites adverse effect on the organisation. Multiple other benefits are associated with the adoption of IS in an organisation. In conclusion it can be stated that the adoption of IS in the discussed organisation will offer significant benefit to the online furniture shop. Hence, it can be stated that the proposed method is feasible and should be considered by the organisations.

The objective of the paper is to devise a plan for online furniture shop to assist the online furniture shop in mitigating the challenges that have been discussed in the sections above. The proposed IS system should also offer the organisation competitive advantage in the market and assist the organisation in maintaining its sustainability in the long run. Another significant need is the feasibility of the system for which the following task had been done in which the feasibility of the system has been discussed. To discuss the feasibility, the paper has offered the functional and non-functional requirements of the system along with providing an dataflow diagram, event table and the use case diagram of the proposed IS.

Functional and Non-functional Requirements of the IS

Number

Functional requirement

Description

1

Data protection and management

One of the core needs of the IS system would be data protection and management. The reason for stating the above fact lays on the fact that data are one of the core resources of the organisation that assist in formulating of strategies and maintaining sustainability and hence, the system should offer data protection and management.

2

Communication and reporting

The system should support the communication option between the internal and external stakeholders of the organisation. Additionally, the reports developed due to transactions should also be supported by the system to ensure proper management of organisational resources.

3

Managing resources

The system should offer support to the management processes of the organisational resources which includes CRM, inventory management, accounts management and others.

4

E=Commerce

The system is proposed for an online shop and hence, the system should support the online transaction process so that the e-commerce processes could be done readily.

5

Authentication

The system should support authentication of the users that had been authorised by the server to use the source.

                                                                              Table 2: Functional requirement of the IS

                                                                                    (Source: Created by Author)

Sl No.

Non-functional requirements

Description

1

Scalability

The system should be capable of handling overloads during high traffic situations.

2

Security

The system should offer a high security level to ensure its reliability and dependability.

3

Flexibility

The discussed system should not limit itself to the core functions specified, it should show scope for further improvements and assistance that it can offer to the users.

                                                                              Table 3: Non-functional requirements of the IS

                                                                                        (Source: Created by Author)

The discussed IS system will assist the organisation to organise the organisational operations which will assist the organisation to serve its visitors with great accuracy and grace. It will lead to enhancement of the customer base of the organisation. Additionally, the system will manage the organisational resources with great accuracy which will lead to proper utilisation of resources which will offer sustainability and competitive advantage to the organisation. All, the process of the organisation will be automated which will lead to prevention of any kind of frauds that the organisation may face. The prevention of frauds will be prevented due to documentation of each processes; as all the process of the organisation will be done through automation the system will report it to server to maintain a database which will assist in auditing processes and also prevent legal trouble for organisation.

                                 

                                                                                                   Figure 1: Data Flow Diagram of the IS in E-Commerce

Dataflow Diagram, Event Table and Use Case Diagram

                                                                                                             (Source: Created by Author using MS Visio)

The dataflow diagram above have cited a general process of the online furniture website. The order to shipping and payment process of the organisation has been discussed. The first step in the diagram shows how the customer makes the order after which the system drive the information to the user database from where two steps are taken. The first step of the process is to do the payment process for which with proper credentials the users pays the amount to the website from a payment gateway. Post-payment the information is send to the inventory from where the order requested by the customer is shipped to their address completing the organisational operation.

Sl No:

Event

Trigger

Source

Use Case

Response

Destination

1.

Search item

Select item

Customer

Scan item

Items available

Customer

2.

Sale report

Receipts

Governing body

Sale report

Data management

Inventory

3.

Deliver stock

Purchase stock

Supply Chain

Supply Stock

Buying of stocks

Governing body

4.

Manage resources

Inventory management

Inventory

Update inventory

Update the inventory

Inventory

5.

Receive payment

Debit, Credit card, COD

Customer

Payment

Payment process

Accounts System

                                                                                                                      Table 4: Event Table

                                                                                                                (Source: Created by Author)

                                                          

                                                                                                                            Figure 2: Use Case Diagram of the IS

                                                                                                                          (Source: Created by Author using MS Visio)

The use case model above shows the operations within the proposed IS off the organisation. It had showed the relation between the customer, inventory, accounting, supply and governing entities. The governing entities and the supply are engaged in the stock management processes where after the transaction the governing bodies sends a purchase report to inventory while the supply is paid by the accounts department. The inventory system than updates the inventory stock and the customer can scan through the items and select the item they wish to purchase. After selecting the item, the customer selects the mode of payment which could be from debit or credit card or cash on delivery option. After the mode of payment is done, the accounting system ensures that the payment process is successful after which the further steps of delivering the item is done completing the whole operation.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2020). Challenges Faced By E-commerce Industry: Mitigation Through Information Systems (Essay). Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/cc08-level-system-analysis-and-design/data-flow-diagram.html.

"Challenges Faced By E-commerce Industry: Mitigation Through Information Systems (Essay)." My Assignment Help, 2020, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/cc08-level-system-analysis-and-design/data-flow-diagram.html.

My Assignment Help (2020) Challenges Faced By E-commerce Industry: Mitigation Through Information Systems (Essay) [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/cc08-level-system-analysis-and-design/data-flow-diagram.html
[Accessed 20 July 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Challenges Faced By E-commerce Industry: Mitigation Through Information Systems (Essay)' (My Assignment Help, 2020) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/cc08-level-system-analysis-and-design/data-flow-diagram.html> accessed 20 July 2024.

My Assignment Help. Challenges Faced By E-commerce Industry: Mitigation Through Information Systems (Essay) [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2020 [cited 20 July 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/cc08-level-system-analysis-and-design/data-flow-diagram.html.

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