1. Describe the impact that one (1) of the following historical events, government policies or legislation has had on the current health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander communities, families and individuals.
• Loss of land
• Introduction of disease
• Stolen generations
• Aborigines Protection Act
• White Australia policy
2. Describe the impact that one (1) of the following events, government policies and legislation has had on the current health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander communities, families and individuals
• Land rights movement
• Reconciliation policy
• Self Determination
• Language revival
• Social justice
3. a. Explain how historical events, government policies or legislation has impacted and helped to shape the current service delivery to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander clients.
b. What is the current federal and state legislation that gives context for cultural safety in the workplace?
4. Explain three (3) issues that may influence relationships, communication, and partnership building with Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples in service delivery.
5. Explain how your own cultural values and beliefs may influence service delivery to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples.
6. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and communities throughout Australia are diverse. You have just moved to a new community, and a part of your new job role is to deliver services and programs to the local Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander community. How would you consult and communicate with the community to ensure you are delivering a culturally safe service and program?
7. a) Gather five (5) resources about current programs and services in your community that provide an opportunity to form a partnership with. These programs and services must be targeted towards the local Aboriginal and or Torres Strait Islander community (examples may include pamphlets, brochures, webpages etc.)
b) Research how one (1) of the services or programs (in 7a) evaluates the service’s or program’s outcomes and involves Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples in this process .
c) From the information gathered in 7a, how has the services incorporated cultural safety strategies? And how can they further promote cultural safety practices including cultural awareness and cultural competence?
Impact of stolen generation on the current health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander communities
The era of stolen generation had a devastating impact on the descendants and the stolen generation survivors. The British arrival to Australia in 1788, introduced massacres violence, diseases, loss of land and adversely impacted the resources and traditional lifestyle of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The people were deprived of their traditional homes and were shifted to reserves (Braham 2013). They lost all their decision making powers on their children, the people needed to take permission in order to move in or move out of their reserves. They were deprived of their rights to marry or work. The violence followed till 150 years. The children of Aboriginal community were highly affected; they were forcefully removed from their parents and were placed in dormitories and other foster homes or were adopted by other non-indigenous people (Canberr 2015). Their main purpose was to deprive the Aboriginal people of their tradition and culture. The policies disrupted the families, communities, traditions and cultures. It also contributed to huge number of challenges that is faced by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait communities today. The evidence from history states the harsh and inhuman treatment especially the children experienced. The survivors of stolen generation suffered from severe trauma and pain (Canberr 2015).
Impact of social justice on the current health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander communities, families and individuals
The social justice implies issues of human rights facing by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The social justice assists the communities in enjoying the full rights. It includes the forms of self determination as well as criminal justice. Social justice includes the distinctive rights that every Aboriginal community people should hold considering the fact that they were the original people in the land. It includes various rights including right to their traditional status and culture (Coles 2016).This right helps the Aboriginal community people to maintain their own traditional and spiritual culture, strengthen their identity and other practices of the indigenous people. The other rights include right to self determination and right to land. This right enables the indigenous people to decide their own future, Identify and solve the issues facing them. Social justice also offers right to land to the Aboriginal people. It provides the rights of significant religious and cultural basis of the indigenous people. The commissioner of social justice of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community seeks to promote these rights with respect and understanding among the Aboriginal community. The social justice commissioner provides rights and justice to the indigenous people. They work to support the indigenous perspectives and empower the Aboriginal people (Coles 2016).
3a) Historical events, government policies or legislation has impacted and helped to shape the current service delivery to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander clients.
The government policies and act that impacted the current service delivery are Aborigines Protection act 1886, however this act was not very successfully implemented, hence a new act Aborigines Protection Act 1909 was revised and implemented to shape the current service delivery to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait people (Dobia and Roffey 2017).
3 b) Current federal and state legislation that gives context for cultural safety in the workplace
The current federal and legislative acts to protect the cultural rights of the people are: Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Act 2003, the main aim of this act is to protect and conserve the cultural heritage of the people (Dobia and Roffey 2017) .It provides recognition and identification of the people. Torres Strait Islander Cultural Heritage Act 2003 aims to protect, and conserve the cultural heritage of the Torres Strait Islander people.
4. Issues that may influence relationships, communication, and partnership building with Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples in service delivery
Effective communication plays a vital role in achieving positive outcomes for the users of services. If there is a lack of communication among the people and the service providers it can affect an individual’s social, physical and cultural wellbeing. Good communication and relationships has been identified as impediment to proper and good health, partnership building and relationship outcomes. Various factors influence relationships, communication of the people. Issues like experiences of marginalization, colonization and a feeling of disempowerment leads to distrust, trauma and intergenerational disappointments (Dudgeon 2013). These issues affect the relationship, communication and building partnership among Aboriginal people in service delivery.
5. Cultural values and beliefs that influence service delivery to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people.
Various conflicting priorities, social complexities, challenges of family obligations, huge gaps in cultural understanding, contending racism, various judgments regarding the choices of lifestyle, insufficient cultural awareness, prevalence of multilevel institutionalized practice of racism and discrimination and distrust influence service delivery of the Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people ( Fredericks 2013).
6. Recommendations to communicate with the community to ensure delivery of culturally safe service and program.
Effective communication includes a two way process which is essential is communicating with community to ensure culturally safe programs. Ineffective community has been a major cause for continuous health crisis of the Aboriginal people. Presence of cross cultural communication experiences differs in the process of communication ( Fredericks 2013). Hence cross cultural communication must be given main priority in delivering a culturally safe service and programs. Programs and service requires the provision of culturally sensitive services. A process of two way communication and understanding the culture is equally important in the service or programs. Verbal communication is considered to be the most convenient method of communication however; non verbal communication should not be completely ignored (Nelson and Allison 2007).
7a) Resources about current programs and services that provides opportunity to establish relationship with the Aboriginals.
Research has found policies of the programs and services that provides opportunity to establish good relationship with the Aboriginal and Torres community. Several reports, studies and research papers identified successful programs and policies: (Dobia and Roffey 2017)
- Approach of grass root and bottom-up, has been able to knit the primary knowledge within the framework of the nationals.
- Region specific and local programs have been found to crater to the needs of the Aboriginals and Torres Islander communities, rather than one policy that fit all.
- Long term investments and support for strengthening the communities to handle their own lives and make decisions on their own.
- Co-operative and cross cultural communications that reduce the burden of the Aboriginals and Torres Islander community and red-tape on their organizations.
- Independent and regular evaluation of the community, implementing programs and policies to ensure success.
7b) Evaluation of service and program outcomes involving Aboriginal community in the process.
Effective planning of the programs should be done and to ensure that evaluation id properly resources. The methods of evaluating must be culturally appropriate and locally acceptable and must be appropriate. Respecting and building relationships and partnership must be implemented into all the stages of evaluation inclusive of the designing and planning (Thomson, Darcy and Pearce 2010.).
7c) how has the services incorporated cultural safety strategies? And how can they further promote cultural safety practices including cultural awareness and cultural competence?
The services and programs have successfully incorporated cultural safety strategy by acknowledging the problems faced by the communities, respecting and understanding the cultural obligation, incorporating the strategy of cross cultural communications, improving the listening and speaking skills of the people involved, implementation the strategy to demonstrate with respect. In order to build relationship and partnership, the service programs were built relationship of trust and confidence, visiting the Aboriginal and Torres Islander community organizations and their leaders. The strategies were implemented by showing respect to the community, acknowledge their country, using names which were preferred, two way process of communicating building relationship or partnership before the business (Thomson Darcy and Pearce 2010).
Recommendation to promote cultural safety practices:
Every people must be treated as an individual, it must be understand that different people have different cultural. The difference among the culture and things in common both need to respect. It is required by the people to be aware of these cultural differences but avoid any assumptions (Lowe and Yunkaporta 2013). There are difficult interactions with the Aboriginals which need to be acknowledged. Several preconceptions and assumptions might lead to negative communications which sometimes lead to hostility and mistrust. Therefore communicating with respect and honesty is recommended.
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