1.The principle helps in the protection of the personal information of children from any misuse, modification, and illegal disclosure
2.To improve and maintain high standards of the education and care services in Australia with an aim of having better health, education and production in the future
3.Mandatory reporting is a term used to refer to the constitutional requirement delegated to specific individuals to report any violation of the rights of a child to the relevant government authority.
4.Discrimination legislation functions to provide people with the constitutional right to fair and equal treatment irrespective of their race, gender, religious opinion. It is applied to the children sector by protecting the children from age discrimination, Disability discrimination, racial discrimination and gender discrimination through the respective legislations.
5.Dignity of risk refers to the right of an individual to make personal choices in life freely such as enjoy or undergo all that life offers such as obtaining knowledge in new skills, undertake any risk and enjoy any rewards from it. The concept of dignity of risk when applied children to children services implies that disabled children should be offered opportunities of making their own. The children with disability should also be allowed to learn and manage what they can do just like normal children
6.Duty of care as used in tort law is the responsibility of an individual or organization to exercise adherence to a standard that is reasonable while undertaking tasks that could cause harm. Each person has a responsibility of ensuring that their actions or lack of action do not cause harm to other people. Therefore, duty of care safeguards the lives of individual workers from harm or mistreatment from the employers
7.The UN convention appreciates the basic roles of parents and the family in the care and protection of children alongside the legislative role of the government to implement these laws. The UN Convention comprises of 54 articles detailing the least standards that the governments must meet to offer quality services to children and their families’ in terms of health and education.
8.Human rights refer to significant and immediate features of respect and equity, whereas, human needs describes a more loosely appeal to charity and ensures that the basic needs of human beings are met.
9.the Early Years Learning Framework and/or My time, our place: framework for school age care in Australia, the Early Childhood Australia’s Code of Ethics 2006
10.To know whether their rights are being respected or not. To be able to raise awareness in case of violation
11.Breach of duty of care and negligence
12.First try to address the legal issue at your level, and try to explain the legal violation and the consequences. Then if there is no amicable solution then follow the complaints policy and procedures and report to the supervisor or manager.
13.Jacky, a 22 year old artist comes to see Edwin, a medical practitioner with problems in her diet, after five minutes she tells Edwin that they meet outside of the workplace for some refreshments. Edwin starts to feel uneasy in the conversations. As a medical practioner, a client may feel closer with the practioner more than he/she can feel with another medical practioner. This may lead to some litigation with the client over comfort ability which may actually cause a breach between client and practioner.
14.For example a parent requesting that the birthday of her child not to be celebrated at school due to some traditional custom or religious believes. This is an ethical issue because the parents have the right to educate their child according to their knowledge or background as long as it doesn’t violate the rights of the child
15.Codes of conduct in children services are applied by the provision of guidelines to educators on the implementation of certain codes. For instance, code of ethical care can be conducted by provision of guideline such as making the care and relationship of the child first. This affects individual educators in that they are required to abide by the codes regardless of the conduct of the children
16.Legal and ethical framework both emphasize on the right and wrong, prohibiting acts that are immoral and establishing legislations for businesses and social employees. However, legal and ethical frameworks are usually different. For instance, legal framework is governed by government whereas ethics are government by individual, legislative and professional norms. Legal framework are rules and regulations while ethics combination of guidelines. Legal frameworks are published in writing whereas ethics are abstract.
Case Study 1
1.The Education and Care Services National Regulations. https://www.slp.wa.gov.au/legislation/statutes.nsf/main_mrtitle_12929_subsidiary.html
2.Duty to monitor and supervise children in her custody. Responsibility of protecting the child from predictable harm. Responsibility of proper instruction to children. Responsibility of tolerance to conducts not dangerous
3.At the website of NQF under Quality Area 5 - Relationships with children. https://www.acecqa.gov.au/relationships-with-children
5.Child protection policy
6.Aline should first report the matter to the supervisor who will approve the step of medication in consultation with the parents
7.Aline should politely counsel Prue and remind her of the rules and regulations governing child protection and then report to her immediate supervisor
8.They should be notified in writing of their misconduct, the parents informed, then termination of their contract and immediate launch of complaint to the Anti-discrimination Board or Australian Human Rights Commission.
9.Duty of care to the child, duty of care of information to parents before providing of medication to the child.
10.It should be documented that Prue has caused harm to the child, and Aline as a witness. Photos can be takes as evidence of the harm caused. This documentation can be used as evidence in case of any case and also for personal evaluation of Prue
11.breach of duty of care parents, breach of duty of care to the child, breach of rights of the child
12.Keith is a child and should only be instructed politely to learn that is why she is under the custodian of Prue. It is unethical for Prue because she has personally inflicted harm on the child due to her insensitivity
13.Respect the special relationship between children and their families and incorporate this perspective in all my interactions with children.
Listen to and learn from families, in order to acknowledge and build upon their strengths and competencies, and support them in their role of nurturing children.
Be sensitive to the vulnerabilities of children and families and respond in ways that empower and maintain the dignity of all children and families.
Maintain confidentiality and respect the right of the family to privacy.
14.YES, she is ethically bound according to EAC Code of conduct II number 1. “Listen to and learn from families, in order to acknowledge and build upon their strengths and competencies, and support them in their role of nurturing children”
15.The EAC Code of Ethics. https://my.kirana.edu.au/resources/lms/scorm/3A3CF737-A2B6-B682-3CC42834E0C035B1/2C8CE2C1-E906-025D-02AB217A4D571345/documents/2a_6-code-of-ethics.pdf
16.By complaining rudely about the parents implies that she is blaming the parents for the conduct of the children and thus it is the sole responsibility of the parents to streamline their children.
17.Alysia should report the conflict of interest to her supervisor or manager and outline the details such as who is the parent and how they are close with her so that she can try to alleviate the situation
18.They should once again seek the interpretation of the service policy relating to behaviour and guidance from their supervisor. Also, they should review the service policy of the institution.
19.They should continue professional education . furthermore, They can subscribe to ACECQA regular newsletter, to an Educators and Providers Library, access the Educators and Providers FAQs
20.The service policy review can assist them to understand the behaviour guidance strategies that can be implemented for specific cases
Consultation helps in understanding the policies and learning from the experienced when and where and what strategy to apply. At the consultation stage is where policies and protocol are amended for better improvement of service.