Discuss about the Child and Adolescent Nursing for Hazard Warning.
Reason for book as the best option for hazard warning
A book is best option for teaching 3-5 years old about hazard warnings in kitchens because books for children are very illustrative with colorful pictures which attract the attention of children. This is also congruent with the cognitive development theory as it shows that during preoperational stage child begin to develop and learn to represent objects with images and words (Goswami, 2014). Hence, when parents interact with children during reading the book, children can easily relate to hazard warning.
Physical development in 3-5 year old children and impact on kitchen safety
According to Piaget, cognitive development in children occurs through four stages of sensorimotor stage, pre-operational stage, concrete operational stage and formal operational stage. 3-5 year old children come under the pre-operational stage and they are conditioned to learning by using their imagery and memory skills (Galotti, 2015). By this age, children start developing social interaction skills by playing and interaction with other children of their age and family members. In the context of physical development, children starts to climb, swing and hop at this age. They also tend to do certain things physically and inability to do so leads to falls and mishaps. It is evident that due to such physical development and tendency to complete curious task, it is likely that children entering the kitchen may harm themselves (Joseph, 2017). Hence, it is very important that children be taught about kitchen safety at this stage to minimize harmful incidences.
At the age of three, gross motor skill is developed in children. Children at this stage are mainly found to climb, swing their arm, maintain their balance and hop on their feet. They also develop find motor skills such as washing hands, feeding themselves with spoons and grasping things in hand. This behavior may affect the kitchen safety when children enter the kitchen. If they are not aware about basic kitchen hazards, they are likely to get injured (Joseph, 2017). Hence, teaching children kitchen safety at this stage is important to promote self-discipline in children and address and make them changes inappropriate behavior or practice in kitchen. According to Larzelere, Morris & Harrist, (2013), inculcating effective discipline in children at all stage of life is important to foster appropriate behavior in the child and develop them into a mature and responsible adult.
Galotti, K. M. (2015). Cognitive development: Infancy through adolescence. Sage Publications.
Goswami, U. (2014). Cognition in children. Psychology Press.
Joseph, A. (2017). The Physical Development of 3 to 5-Year-Old Children. [online] Available at: https://www.livestrong.com/article/112492-physical-development-5yearold-children/ [Accessed 10 Oct. 2017].
Larzelere, R. E., Morris, A. S. E., & Harrist, A. W. (2013). Authoritative parenting: Synthesizing nurturance and discipline for optimal child development. American Psychological Association..