Health and Social Care
Main anatomical features of the human body
In the current study some of the main anatomical features of the human body have been described. In the present case, the anatomical features of a number of organs of the human body have been described.
Anatomical features of organs
The head is a part of the organism which includes the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. Each of the organs is responsible for different sensory functions such as vision, hearing, smell and taste. The nervous tissues are concentrated in the anterior portion, which from structures responsible for processing of information.
The abdomen is the space between the thorax and the pelvis. The muscle of the diaphragm separates the lower abdomen from the upper abdomen. The abdomen consists of all the digestive organs such as stomach, small and large intestine, pancreas, liver and gall bladder. It also consists of the kidneys and the spleen. Many important blood vessels travel through the abdomen (Dawood and Khamas 2017).
The limb can be divided into upper and lower limbs. In the current study the lower limbs have been taken into consideration. It could be divided into three regions which are the thigh, leg and the foot. The lower limb consists of 30 bones which are- femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsal, metatarsal etc. The femur is the single long bone of the thigh, the patella is the kneecap and the tibia is the large weigh bearing bone located on the middle side of the leg.
The pelvic girdle is a basin shaped complex of bone which connects the trunk and the legs, provides balance to the trunk and contains intestines, urinary bladder and internal sex organs.
The conductivity of nervous tissues could be attributed to the fine processes which are known as dendrites and are components of the individual functional units such as neurons. The neurons connect with each other at the synapse or the space between two nerves, which consists of a neurotransmitter chemical known as acetylcholine and aids in the transmission of impulses.
The ligaments and tendons are soft collagenous tissues where the ligaments connect bones to bones and tendons connect bones to muscles. The ligaments and tendons play a significant role in muscoskeletal biomechanics (Shearer 2015).
The heart is a muscular organ about the size of a fist and is located just behind and slightly left to the breastbone. It pumps blood though a network of arteries and veins and forms the cardiovascular system (Strommer et al. 2017).
The liver sits of the right side of the belly. It secretes digestive enzymes which aids in the process of digestion. The liver synthesises proteins responsible for the clotting of blood and other functions.
Interaction of body systems to ensure functioning and growth
A number of body systems interact together to promote growth such as the stomach and liver. The food that we eat is passed down through the oesophagus to the stomach where they are turned into chime for further digestion. The digestion process is further aided by the digestive enzymes secreted by the liver. The ingredients are broken down though the stomach, large and small intestine to absorb active nutrients, which helps in normal growth and functioning of the human body (Huse et al. 2014).
Dawood, M.S. and Khamas, M.J., 2017. Anatomical features of the liver, gallbladder and biliary duct system of Indigenous Gazelle, pp. 105-167.
Huse, D.A., Nandkishore, R. and Oganesyan, V., 2014. Phenomenology of fully many-body-localized systems. Physical Review B, 90(17), p.174202.
Shearer, T., 2015. A new strain energy function for the hyperelastic modelling of ligaments and tendons based on fascicle microstructure. Journal of biomechanics, 48(2), pp.290-297.
Strommer, G., Eichler, U., Schwartz, L. and Shmarak, I., MediGuide Ltd, 2017. System and method for positioning an artificial heart valve at the position of a malfunctioning valve of a heart through a percutaneous route. U.S. Patent Application 15/634,435.