Discuss about the Clean Up Plastics from our Oceans for Lerner Publishing Group.
Oceans are very important in the lives of people as they form part of the scenic beauty and also a medium of transport. They also provide habitat for the marine life which is also important to the human beings hence a need to keep the oceans clean. However, pollution of the oceans in the recent past by the plastics has caused an alarming concern as it destroys marine life and also the seafood consumed by human beings can contain some pieces of the plastics hence a harm to the health. Oceans are polluted by various things including plastic bags which are thrown by people or fed in by the rivers flowing in. The marine scientists estimated that about 4 trillion pieces of plastic are currently littering the Pacific and other oceans (Helvarg, 2013). This has prompted the need to clean up the oceans as they kill the marine species. The trillions of plastic waste dumped in the oceans every year severely threaten the biodiversity of the world's oceans. This document presents various recommendations which can be implemented to clean up the ocean.
Various factors contribute to the much concentration of plastics in the ocean. Such include sewage whereby litter enters the ocean directly through rivers and drainages. Littering can also be caused by the wind which blows the plastics to the ocean. The ocean visitors also throw in plastics such as paper bags and plastic bottles and other plastics that they may use while on the visit. It is estimated that by 2050, there may be more plastic waste in the ocean than the fish if actions are not taken against dumping (Bra?te et al, 2015). All these waste driven to the ocean poses a threat to the marine life and the people may not realize what extend a single plastic can become a harm to the marine life.
Following the importance to maintain marine life by protecting them from the threats of the plastic waste in the ocean, various steps have been taken to clean up the plastics that are already in the ocean as precautions are also taken to prevent further littering. Various governments such as the US, Kenya, and Singapore have imposed laws prohibiting the use of disposable plastic items which include plastic bags and straws (Fisher & Shipton, 2010). Others have also established strong efforts to regulate the consumption of the items. People have been encouraged to carry with them shopping bags whenever they need to so as to avoid having to wrap it in plastic bags. The governments have also encouraged the companies that produce such plastic bags to provide alternatives for the same items such as khaki papers. These laws have enabled to reduce the amount of plastic waste that eventually gets into the ocean as the alternative bags used are reusable. Again, people are keen to follow the laws considering the harsh measures set to be taken again those who violate them. However, the ban of the plastic bags has affected the manufacturers as they adjust to the new laws by scaling back the business, which at times prompts some layoffs. The shoppers are also made to purchase the shopping bags which are normally more expensive than the plastic bags they were used to.
The governments have also chipped in by organizing campaigns for cleaning up the ocean in collaboration with the local authorities. This is normally done occasionally whereby people are encouraged and mobilized to join up hands and collect the garbage at the ocean for recycling. The manufacturing companies which deal with the recycling of the garbage also corporate with the campaigners so that the plastics collected can be taken for recycling (Newman & Crawley, 2014). The campaigns focus on the deep sea divers who can help other people swimmers to collect the floating items as they collect the ones which might have sunk down. As they collect the items, people are educated on the dangers of dumping plastics on the oceans so that they be sensitive on how they dispose off their litter. The campaigns have succeeded significantly as people have become more educated and can sense the need to adhere to the programs that are set to protect the marine life. However, some people tend to be ignorant and just throw their litter anyhow and do not even find time to join the campaigns hence they remain irrelevant to them.
Additionally, the governments sets aside some funds to fund ocean-cleaning programs which can be managed by specific organizations. The chosen organizations are allocated the duty of collecting the plastic waste that is on the shores to avoid getting its way to the ocean. Although some ocean visitors may be ignorant and still litter plastics near the ocean which eventually get to the water body, the organizations normally regulate this by setting up some dumping sites near the ocean where people can pour their litter for easy collection and establish some ways of separating plastic wastes from the other waste before getting their way to the ocean (Terry, 2015).
Certainly, a large amount of plastics is produced every year with the increasing demand for such products, which after use eventually get into the ocean. Such dumping is a great threat to the marine life as they rarely decompose hence can continue hipping up in the water and threatening the life of the marine species. This has led to the marine scientists to look for ways of minimizing the dumping of plastics in the ocean. Some strategies have been implemented to clean up the ocean although it is a bit challenging considering the untimely presence of ocean waves and the dangers of diving into the deep sea (Nunes et al, 2017). Some governments have established companies charged with the duty of collecting plastic garbage from the seashores occasionally to prevent them from entering the ocean. They also mobilize people through the local authorities to set aside specific days for cleaning up the sea especially those who can dive into the deep sea. The expected implementation of a floating machine will also present a great move towards the clearing of plastic bags from the ocean.
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Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing Group.
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Terry, B. (2015). Plastic-Free: How I Kicked the Plastic Habit and How You Can Too. New York: Skyhorse Publishing.