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CME101 Residential Construction For Concrete Floors

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Questions:

1. Explain whether the slab is one-way or two-way span.
 
2. Provide a deflection diagram of this slab under loading, indicating tension and compression fibres. There is no necessary need to use a scale ruler or know the exact amount of deflection. This is to be a rough sketch only.
 
3. Draw the Cross-Section of X - X using a suitable scale ruler to facilitate the construction process. No need to provide a Detailed Drawing of the slab to wall junction in this question. Pay critical attention to the slab itself, including reinforcement.
 
4. Provide an annotated sketch to show the slab to wall connection (no scale required).
 
5. To satisfy the BCA (‘Building Code of Australia’) recommendations for sound insulation, assume that this floor will need to achieve the following:
Rw (Sound Reduction Index) = 50
IIC (Impact Insulation Class) = 50

Using the available information, find whether this design is satisfactory to achieve the above requisites. If not, suggest solutions to achieve these requisites.
 
6. Considering fast construction and fewer supports required during construction, the owner believes that composite concrete with steel formwork may be a better solution for this slab. Despite having this belief, the owner is unsure whether this alternative would increase slab thickness. Assuming a live load of 4kPa, evaluate the indicative thickness of composite concrete with steel formwork construction using Data Sheet 1 (see attached). This would serve to assist the owner with decision-making.
 
7. Provide a discussion (maximum 700 words) to answer “whether the selected slab type [i.e. in-situ reinforced concrete] is the most suitable suspended floor type for the selected case”. Compare the pros and cons among the commonly available suspended floor types. To develop your discussion you may consider either all or some of the following parameters:
Construction related factors e.g., speed, supports and / or lifting requirements;
Cost effectiveness;
Sound insulation;
Thermal comfort;
Durability.
 
 

Answer:

In situ reinforced concrete would have been preferred for this particular extension because it is normally known to be of high adaptability, resistance to fire, versatility and also resistant to corrosion. This means that it will have nearly negligible maintenance.

Concrete floors

Advantages

Durability

Concrete, generally speaking, is a greatly dependable and tough material. While wooden floors or dividers may spoil or break, concrete is similarly as durable the same number of stones. Be that as it may, certain ecological components like solidifying water can abbreviate the life expectancy of cement by debilitating or breaking it. In any case, such harm generally requires some serious energy and it doesn't change the way that, legitimately thought about, your solid piece floors can a decades ago instead of just a bunch of years as some different materials will (Pachenari, Alireza and Abolghassem Keramati 2014).

Insulation

One of the most serious issues with solid pieces is that they are associated with an enormous energy loss. Solid sections direct warmth effortlessly, which implies that they have a tendency to be always cool, and that they will redirect warmth to whatever's on the opposite side of them. This issue can be alleviated with legitimate arranging however. In the event that you protect a solid piece floor either by putting something over it (like covering or a defensive covering) or something on the soil side of the chunks to prevent the warmth from getting away (like intelligent protection) at that point the deplete will be limited. Heat loss therefore can be prevented by the use of the floor carpets (Sharafi, Pezhman, Muhammad and Lip 2012).

Timber floors

Advantages

There are a lot of qualities that could be viewed as favorable properties. For instance, hardwood floors are anything but difficult to keep up. They are strong and, despite the fact that time leaves its imprints on the floors, it just gives them character and patina. It's anything but difficult to keep hardwood floors clean. You should simply either vacuum or scope routinely and to every so often additionally utilize unique cleaning items.

Another advantage is that a house that has hardwood floors is certainly better than one that doesn't. It's an element that makes a house more profitable and this implies it's simpler to discover purchasers. So in case you're intending to offer your home, either in the nearby future or later on, you should need to put resources into hardwood floors. This kind of floor system is cost effective.

Disadvantages

The primary inconvenience of hardwood flooring is its expense. It is very well known to be expensive exceptionally. Likewise, it's not simply the materials you need to stress over. Hardwood flooring is likewise hard to introduce as well as needs specific support, also that the establishment is pricy too.

 

Precast concrete floors

Advantages

Increased durability

The ingredients that are found within the precast concrete have very desirable properties for construction. Some of the properties include being robust and therefore can sufficiently resist the bending forces. The ability of the components to resist the bending forces increases the durability of such floors. The floor system need very little support from the walls of the attachment and this gives bigger room for the other related activities. The adaptability of the flooring system with the walls makes the structure even more durable (Miškinis et al 2012).

The precast concrete that is thick is normally used alongside the smooth steel. The cement and the fiber glass become other recommended materials for use. The smooth surface that is easily generated helps in the resistance of in the infiltration of the damping system. Other destruction effects like corrosion and parasitic attack are prevented as well. When the concrete is made much thicker, the presence of the holes is possibly eliminated. The absence of the voids increases the lifespan of the floor system and this can only be found in the precast concrete floor system (Rowe, Megan, and Mark 2013).

Disadvantages

High capital cost

The most known disadvantage of this precast concrete floor is that considerable amount of the money or capital is needed for setting up the point of production. The production process requires vary much complicated machines that are expensive to acquire. The most common areas of the application of this particular technique is within the flats and also in the buildings that are high-rise in nature have more than four floors. The housing estates applications also utilized the properties of this flooring system especially where there is need of uniformity of the structures (Huuhka, Kaasalainen, Hakanen and Lahdensivu 2015).The halls, large stadiums, ware houses, factory floors, hangars and airports usually use this concrete in large scale to ensure that the profit margin are increased.

Composite concrete floors

Advantages

  • It is characterized by reduction of height that lowers the total of height of the building thus saving area required for cladding. This is cheaper.
  • They are generally durable and this translates to almost free columns for rooms.
  • There is provision of additional stores as the height of the building increases.
  • It is normally consuming very little time for erection.

In situ concrete floors

Advantages

Connection are homogenous with rest of the casing thus durable.

 It is effortlessly utilized for two way basic frameworks

 Construction can continue autonomously of climate conditions thus cost effective

Better working conditions for the building agents in terms of insulation.

Disadvantages

When the solid has been thrown it is too hard to do any changes hence its modification may be very expensive (Buitrago et al 2015).

Climate can make issues for relieving, and for development itself thus insulation property lowered.

Raising and interconnecting them to shape the last structure normally interfere with their thermal properties.

 

References

Buitrago, Manuel, Yezid A. Alvarado, José M. Adam, Pedro A. Calderón, Isabel Gasch, and Juan J. Moragues. "Improving construction processes of concrete building structures using load limiters on shores." Engineering Structures 100 (2015): 104-115.

Huuhka, S., T. Kaasalainen, J. H. Hakanen, and J. Lahdensivu. "Reusing concrete panels from buildings for building: Potential in Finnish 1970s mass housing." Resources, Conservation and Recycling 101 (2015): 105-121.

Miškinis, K?stutis, Vidmantas Dikavi?ius, Juozas Ramanauskas, and Rosita Norvaišien?. "Dependence between reduction of weighted impact sound pressure level and specimen size of floating floor construction." Materials Science 18, no. 1 (2012): 93-97.

Pachenari, Alireza, and Abolghassem Keramati. "Progressive collapsed zone extent estimation in two-way slab floors by yield line analysis." Magazine of Concrete Research 66, no. 13 (2014): 685-696.

Rowe, Megan, and Mark A. Bradford. "Partial shear interaction in deconstructable steel-concrete composite beams with bolted shear connectors." In Design, Fabrication and Economy of Metal Structures, pp. 585-590. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.

Sharafi, Pezhman, Muhammad NS Hadi, and Lip H. Teh. "Optimum column layout design of reinforced concrete frames under wind loading." In Topics on the Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 1, pp. 327-340. Springer, New York, NY, 2012.

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