You have noticed that patients with dementia do not seem to receive as much pain relief after orthopaedic surgery as patients without dementia. You think it will be useful to undertake a study observing how your nursing colleagues assess pain and action their assessments with people with dementia.
1.Identify the key values and principles set out in the Australian National Statement of Ethical Conduct that will need to be considered for this study.
2.Identify the ethical considerations relevant for the research participants in the scenario study. For each group describe the mitigation strategies you could employ to ensure you meet your ethical obligations.
Ethical conduct implies on doing things the right way. Any interaction between human beings which may involve collecting data or research must have ethical aspects. Moral behavior does not only entail doing stuff in the right direction, and it entails in doing something in the right spirit as a result of real respect and compassion to other human beings. Therefore the national statement on ethical conduct in human research should thus be focused on something more concrete and different than the do's and don'ts of ethics. Research carried out on people, their tissue or data is known as human research and this kind of study aims at contributing positively to the human life. The risk involved in human research is minimal, and in Australia, most of the human research conducted has been done so in an ethically and safely manner. Research ethics, requires great chances, and there are possibilities it might go wrong in some instances (Bredenoord and Knoblich 2017 p.9414). A risk may occur if even the research has good intentions. They may occur as a result of the technical error, neglect disregard or ethical insensitivity.
In Austria, the law governs human research and establishes privileges to all the individuals who participate in the research, it imposes responsibilities both specific and general to the firm or organizations conducting the survey. The common law of Australia originates from the relationship between the participants, institutions and the researchers. Institutions are responsible for observing research ethics in the research governance. Human research is conducted based on the relationship between the researcher and the participants (Racine et al 2017 p.58). There are values and principals set for there to be ethical research. These principles of ethical research are: 1)justice, 2) respect for the hum an beings, 3)integrity and 4) the advantages of the investigation, 5) beneficence, 6)moral equality, 7)mutual responsibilities, contributions towards the goals of the said community and 8) cultural diversity respect. These principles are discussed in details below.
The principle of respect entails recognizing that every human being has an absolute value which informs all the interaction between human beings. It involves acknowledging that every person has the right to make their own decision. Research can fail to be considered as ethically justifiable if it is of no benefit to the community or the research lacks integrity. On the other hand, justice refers to the to the treatment of one person similar to all the others (Khodyakov et al 2016 p.54)
Additionally beneficence assists in the shaping of the relationship in which a person trusts. It involves analyzing and taking into considerations any risk of harm or likely benefits or gains of the study to the entire community and also to the participants. It consists in assessing the implications of their research on the social and cultural aspect. Respecting human being is a common thread in ethical values deliberation. it one of the core value of the moral consideration for any organization carrying out research (Department of Health 2014 p.4). Thus for the researcher to conduct a study on dementia patients she/he must reflect on these values and principles to be considered as ethical.
2) Identify the ethical considerations relevant to the research participants in the scenario study. For each group describe the mitigation strategies you could employ to ensure you meet your moral obligations.
Dementia can be referred to as a mental disorder which results from brain injury or disease. On the other side, mitigation can be described as an attempt to minimize the severity brought about by a particular condition. Patients with dementia do not show if they have received as much relieved as compared to those without dementia after undergoing orthopedic surgery. Orthopedic research among the patient with dementia and those without seeks to expound on how these patients can be given extra care (Denzin and Giardina 2016 p.30). A researcher who carries out this kind of study should ensure that that the research meets all the standards developed to protect the subjects for the examination while furthering knowledge in the medical field. When conduction an interview between these different group of people one has to be extra careful as patients with dementia are very sensitive. one should be respectful and sensitive as persons with dementia have unique challenges (Whitehead, LoBiondo-Wood, and Haber 2012). When interviewing with people with dementia, it is important to note that these patients can be very generous about opening up on their personal lives and experiences and recovering after surgery.
One should be patient and should be careful not finish any sentence on their behalf. One should speak clearly and slowly, ask simple question one at a time. Be alert in case the patient becomes confused. It is ethical for the researcher to give an interview form in advance to prepare he dementia person to make for the research in progress. When carrying out an investigation on the group without dementia, one should assure the patient of confidentiality of the information they buy. It is ethical to inform the patients about the purpose of the search and what they want to establish from the study (Toombs and Lonner 2018 p.1043). The procedures followed during the research should be well outlined and indicating the time they require from their patients.
An ethical analysis clearly describes the risks that may result as a result of participating in the study as well as how it will affect the lives of other people who undergo the surgical procedure. The benefits of the research to the community and the patient. This will help the client understand the important of participating in the interview. It is important to inform the participants that agreeing to be part of the study is optional and voluntary. The researcher should assure the interviewee of confidentiality and that the information they provide will be secured and will only be used for that study only (Daley et al 2016 p.735) Most people refuse to participate in research as they fear the information they have been given may be used for other purposes rather than the one mentioned.
In conclusion, any researcher who may want to research the medical field should observe all the above ethical rules that have been developed by recognized institutions and use the results to improve on human lives.
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