1). The text discusses how modern CPUs function. Recently a critical flaw in microprocessor design has been discovered that allows two extremely serious security exploits: Spectre and Meltdown. Find and summarise ONE resource that describes how either of these exploits work. The resource (and your summary) should focus on what is occurring in the CPU that allows these exploits to occur.
2). Prior to 1985, there were very few Operating Systems (OSes) that used Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs). Find and summarise ONE resource that describes ONEof these GUI operating systems. The OS must have been release prior to 1985so cannot be Microsoft Windows.
3). Low-Powered Wide-Area Networks (LPWANs) are wireless communication networks that are characterised by linking devices over large distances. Devices (including simple sensors) typically can only communicate at very low bit rates, however, the communication and associated electronics consume very little power. As such, LPWAN devices can be battery powered and operate independently for many months or even years. Find and summarise ONEresource that describes ONE platform or technology that implements a LPWAN.
4). Voice over IP (VoIP) is a group of hardware and software technologies that allow users to communicate via voice and video over the Internet. VoIP uses a number of different software protocols, depending on the application. Find and summarise ONE resource that describes ONE of these VoIP protocols
5). One of the many uses of cryptography has been the development of the blockchain. Blockchains are commonly used as the basis for maintaining the data integrity of crypto currencies, though have many, many more applications. Find and summarise ONE resource that describes how blockchains work. Note that the resource should focus on the blockchain mechanism, NOT crypto currencies.
6). One controversial practical application of network traffic management is in the contravention of the principle of “net neutrality”. Find and summarise ONEresource that describes what net neutrality is and how its contravention could impact on individual and business users of the Internet.
7). Information Systems have led to greater and greater degrees of automation in the workplace. There is currently extensive speculation on which jobs will cease to be performed by humans in the near future. Find and summarise ONE resource that discusses jobs that are likely to not exist in the future due to ICT based automation. Note that the resource must clearly link the loss of the job(s) to advances in ICT.
8). With the advent of mass data collection and storage has come the use of these datasets for machine learning. Find and summarise ONE resource that describes what machine learning is and how it is being used.
9). Critical to application development are the languages used to implement the specifications. Find and summarise ONE resource that describes ONEprogramming language that has been developed since 2008. The resource (and your summary) should include information on the principle uses and features of the language.
10). While information systems and technology deliver many benefits to society, they can also result in negative effects and outcomes. One recent controversy, the propagation of fake news and its influence on elections, has been linked to a type of software called a “bot”. Find and summarise ONE resource that describes what bots are and how they can be used for disseminating misinformation and affecting human behaviour.
The main reason for the selection of the article is that the concept of meltdown is described in a very precise manner. The attack majorly breaks the isolation which is related to the operating system and the user application. This attack mainly allows a program to access the memory and thus allow the access of other program and the operating system. If the computer has a processor which is vulnerable and runs on the operating system which is unpatched, it is not a safe option to work with critical data of the organization in these types of system. This is due to the factor that the data of the organization can get leaked in the process and it can directly harm the normal functionality of the organization. These aspect can be related both to the sector of personal computers as well as cloud infrastructure. In order to provide a mitigation there are software patches which can be implemented into the system which would be directly safe guarding the system from the attack which is related to the meltdown. Most of the time it can be stated that the safeguard of the data of the organization can be considered as one of the sector it which proper emphasis should be given.
The concept which directly allow the user to interact with hardware of the computer in a manner which is friendly can be termed as Graphical user interface. In recent times there are many GUI which are created which are implemented into the operating system which can give added advantage to the user.
The Xerox 8010 star can be considered as one of the fully integrated desktop of the computer which directly includes the application and the GUI and is known as “The Xerox Star” which was latter termed as “Viewpoint” and again it was renamed as “Globalview”. The system was developed by the apple with the main motive of the intention of the processing of the documents in the work station. Unfortunately it can be stated that the work station did not last long and directly suffered a setback when the Xerox introduced the apple Machintosh operating system which was offered in a more affordable price
The main justification which is related in regards to the section of the resource is that it gives a direct overview of the concept of LPWAN and puts emphasis on the aspect of how it can be implemented in the concept of the internet of things. The main aspect which is taken into consideration is the advantage of the LPWAN technology.
The LPWAN directly fuels up the connectivity which is related to the devices which are related to the internet of things. The basic advantage which is related to the concept is that it has less bandwidth need as compared to other devices which are related to the connectivity aspect. The defining characteristics which are related to the concept of the internet of things are high speed of the connectivity rather than the concept of being scalable, robust “low power blanket” for the smart phone devices for example sensors and lightning. These type of setting are majorly used in the concept of the industrial setting. The concept which is related to the LPWAN technology can be directly connected to devices with the range of 15 miles and due to this aspect it is widely used in the sector of building, utility sector, health care sector and transportation.
The main reason for the selection of the article is that it gives a direct overview of the concept which is related to the aspect of the VoIP. The protocol which is taken into consideration is the H.248. The main feature which is related to the aspect of the H.248 protocol is that it directly provides a gateway which is between the interface of the PGW 2200 and the VXSM gateway. It can be stated here that that the direct supplement which is related to the protocol is related to the aspect of the MGCP protocol. The interface is based on the concept of the ITU –SG16/IETF specification of H.248 which defines a decomposition architecture relating to the gateway. The architecture basically comprise of a media gateway (MGs) and media gateways controller (MGC). On the other hand it can be stated as a functionality which is related to the distributed functionality of the call control between the MG (an entity which directly manages the tearing and the establishment processes the stream of the media) and the MGC (an entity which directly manages the establishment and the tearing of the calls).
The main functionality which is related to the concept is related to the protocol that it directly interfaces with the IP telephony network with the network of the PSTN which directly passes the voice traffic from one section of the network from another network.
The main functionality which is related to the functionality of the blockchain can be related to the aspect of the digital ledger. The digital ledger can be accessible from different platforms and applications and is bound in one area or access point. Due to this functionality it can be stated here that the application is widely implemented in different sectors including the finance sector. The main reason of the implementation of the technology into the finance sector is due to the security aspect which is involved into the data. The security aspect is involved into the data by means of converting the data into a hash function. A hash function can be considered to be a number of a letter which provides a hash function which is a mathematical function that directly takes a variable number and directly converts it into the small changes which are related to the string which is of fixed number of characters. The main aim of the has function is that it would not be accessible by anyone other than the authorized user or the authorized person. The data in this concept is known as the block and the family of the data is known as the blockchain.
Net neutrality can be considered as a concept which is related to the internet service provider for example Comcast and Verizon. The functionality which is related to the concept can be related to the content flow which is directly through the tables and the cell toward equally. The aspect which is related to the concept should not slide the data into the fast lanes while the concept of the block. Block allows the organization to restrict the access to a particular service which is related to the using of the Skype or slow down the access of the Hulu and the Netflix. Taking into consideration the future of the net neutrality is now in the hand of the court and the congress. Most of the organization in recent times are trying to adopt the concept of the net neutrality. Most of the organization and the bodies of the business who are located in the state of Washington can be considered as one of the organization to indulge themselves into the concept of net neutrality. Most of the broadband providers try to indulge themselves into the aspect of the working of the net neutrality in the near future due to the different types of advantage which are achieved from the concept.
The main reason for the selection of the article is that it gives a direct explanation which is related to the loss of the job with the aspect of the automation of the ICT. It can be stated here that since the working of the technology in this aspect is directly involved into the non-human intervention there can be loss of job. In recent times technology are playing a very vital role which is trying to make automatic changes in the operation. The main aim of the automation process is that it would remove the sector which is related to the human oriented errors. In most of the cases it can be seen that the automation process can directly involve loss of job due to the factor that the automation would be software oriented which would include less human activity included into the aspect. It can be stated that loss of the job would directly affect the professional exerts in the field and on the other hand there be a situation where high level expert people would be involved into the working. Loss of job would be directly affecting the society and would directly alter the life of the common people as it would be directly involving automatic approach towards the system and application in the framework of the ICT.
The main focus point which is related to the aspect of the article is to take into consideration different aspects which are related to the concept of the machine learning and how it can be used and what are the advantage which are related to the concept. The main functionality which is related to the aspect of the machine learning is in the sector of the analysing of the data that basically automates the analytical model which is related to the building. It can be one of the branch which is related to the artificial intelligence which is based on the aspect of system which can directly learn from the data which is feed into the system. The implementation of the machine learning is implemented into the concept of the Google self-driving cars. The technology can be directly be implemented in any form of aspect which are used in daily life in order to enhance the sector the working within the concept of the working. As stated it can be implemented in many sector one of the sector it is playing a very vital role is the fraud detection sector which directly involve the security of the data in the recent world.
The main reason for the selection of the article is that it directly provides an overview which is related to the pure programming language. The existence of the pure programming language is since 2008. The concept which is applicable to the pure programming language is that it can be directly implement modern functionality relating to the approach. The main functionality which is related to the aspect is in the field of dynamic typing, matching of the pattern, full symbolic rewriting and the concept of lazy evaluation technique. On the other hand it can be stated that the pure programming language can be integrated with other computing environment for example Faust, pure data, Octatave and TexXmacs. Add on modules can also be included into the concept. This makes the programming language very much adoptable for most of the programmers and a huge amount of benefit can be faster computation can be achieved from the concept. One of the successor of the pure programming language is the Q programming language. The main support related to the system architected in the framework of the programming is the Mac OS X, windows and FreeBSD (just to name a few)
The main consideration which is made in the concept of the using the article is that it gives a direct overview which is related to the concept. In most of the situation it can be stated that bots or internet bots directly hamper the normal functionality of the system of computer. It can be stated here that bots or internet bots are also known as spider, crawlers and web bots. The main functionality which is related to the concept can be applied in the sector of the utilization to perform jobs which are repetitive. There are basically two sector which can be taken into consideration in the aspect which are the good bots and the bad bots. The bad bots can be considered as a malware which directly infects the sector of the system and abrupt the normal functionality of the system. The concept of bots can be directly used for the concept of infecting more than one operating system. Some of the example which are related to the attack may be in the field of DDoS attack and the backdoor attacks which are related to virus and worms. The attack can be generated at any time and at any place. The attack which is related to the bots can be sometimes important in the concept of networking.