Cloud computing is an IT concept that deals with integrating and storing data in a centralized platform that can be accessed by authorized users over the internet. It is not in a way that data is obtained from a traditional computer hard drive. Cloud computing represents the infrastructure of the server over the internet. Local storage and computing are achieved when a data is stored or program is run from the hard drive.
This feature directly helps users to get access to data at any time and from anywhere. The fact that there are hardware servers, which are dedicated to a residence, it does not actually mean there is cloud computing. Some of the business organizations do not deploy cloud computing models. Data needs to be accessed over the internet or at least data needs to be eventually synchronized with the information over the internet (Xiao, Song and Chen 2013).
Cloud computing can be considered to be very much beneficial for business organizations which are small. This is due to the fact, that through the use of cloud computing they would be able to access various technologies, which was not possible for them previously due to high cost. The concept is very much advantageous for them because they can start competing with other small businesses or even with the big business organizations.
It is very much on the cheaper side to use the concept of cloud computing than to buy other technologies in order to achieve operational efficiency. Huge expenses, which are implied for some technical person to come and fix the technical faults, would cut down drastically. Multi-application cloud services can be used in accordance with the needs of users and the needs of organizations as well. Cloud computing services usually provide basic update periodically so the users are removed from the haptic feature of updating system occasionally.
Cloud computing mainly refers to a way how the service of information technology is managed and consumed. Different concepts that are taken into consideration are computer power, storage, applications and network infrastructure. The acceptance of cloud computing concepts in different departments within organizations may lead to direct changes regarding organizational boundaries and business processes. One of the biggest advantages of moving to the cloud computing infrastructure and services is that the IT staff can be focused on other aspects within the organization because cloud computing platforms remove the effort, which is needed to deliver IT infrastructure (Katyal and Mishra 2014).
There are different cloud computing models, which can be incorporated by different organizations according to its needs and requirements. Infrastructure as a service model is a union between the host of the cloud and resources. A couple of the service related to cloud computing represents both the area of physical infrastructure and management layer. On the other hand, taking into consideration, different cases the management layer is incorporated into IaaS solutions that directly delivers physical infrastructure and increases the business value. IaaS solutions can be very much appropriate to map out the system infrastructure but it does have a limited access area when relating t9oo the concept of developing applications.
The software as a service provides a base of a web application that allows independent software vendors to use internet for the concept of delivering their applications. Many applications that rely on the concept of cloud clouding achieve business operational efficiencies (Sharkh et al. 2013). The aspect of security is attributed to the service providers and can often be related to services like customer management and account management. One of the most important elements of cloud computing is resource pooling and on-demand service, as the service which is related to cloud computing is offered by different providers who can combine different aspects and offer a solution that mainly covers all the computing stack which is related to the system (Ergu et al. 2013).
All organizations look for different ways of lowering cost, increasing scalability and increasing the agility that would interact positively with the framework of the business and technology. Cloud computing concepts mainly represent ways of helping the organizations to get adapted to the basic changes keeping the transformation for IT infrastructure onto an engine that is appropriate from the point of view of the business organizations.
Some of the benefits, which can be achieved from implementing the cloud computing concepts and models, are cost effective, almost the memory for storage is unlimited, and quick recovery of data and automatic regular backup process are very easy to achieve (Agarwal and Jain 2014). On the other hand, the integration of any software can be done in an easy and effective manner and the information that is stored can be accessed quickly and easily from anywhere and at any time. Deployment of cloud computing models can be done in an easy manner.
The risk factors that are associated with cloud computing models are the security issue associated with sharing of resources over the internet. Organizations are entirely dependent on the vendors or the cloud service providers. In case of important transactions such as money related payment, users have to share their financial sensitive data over the cloud platforms. Many of the small organizations have minimum knowledge regarding the technical field and regarding the use of cloud technologies. The reputation of businesses is not only dependent on the integrity of business body but also on the integrity of the vendors of cloud services.
When an organization host and maintains information or service on a local network then the organization has full control over the information and features that are needed. However, when organizations use cloud service models, the vendors or the cloud service providers are in full control of the cloud technology. There is no guarantee that the features used by customers at present will be available in future at the same price (Fernández et al. 2014). Cloud service vendors or providers can directly double the price of the service if the user is dependent on the service they have to use it using the stated increased price. It can be stated that if the bill of the service, which is being used, is behind surprisingly the vendors would hold hostage of the data.
The legal aspect which is related to the cloud computing concept is the cross border legal issue. Cloud computing concepts are stateless and provide services in various locations. These geographic locations can be in the same country or in different countries as well. This can directly create conflict in the laws, jurisdiction and the applicable laws, which are related to it (Rittinghouse and Ransome2016). Cloud services usually involve multiple parties who are involved in the concept, which makes it onus and liability shift on one another.
The factor of the responsibility and liability is often limited and disclaimed in entirely. The agreement of cloud service models should include different factors of liability for the act of the subcontractors. Right to conduct due diligence and to understand cloud service models which are related to the service should be given to the customers and users when they actually need it. The main issue related to cloud computing concepts and technology is that if the cloud providers or vendors system gets hacked then the owner of the data has the basic right to move against the vendors for claiming lost profit (Mathew, Sekaran and Jose 2014).
Cloud computing services have the capability to enhance the operational efficiencies and other features of business organizations. Security issues are the main drawbacks of this technology. Organizations need to incorporate strong security features for deploying cloud models in its business processes for achieving business efficiencies and generating more revenue.
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