1. Hate speech is defined as an act of discrimination like other discriminations, except with the words. It is mainly a kind of communication in the speech, behaviour or writing which tends to attack or simply uses a discriminatory language with the group or to a particular person who they are supposed to be (Ramachandran 2022). Hate speech creates an environment of exclusion and intimidation and can even lead in promoting certain kinds of real-world violence. It directly aims at attacking people that are based on certain protected characteristics and brings the element of discrimination.
2. It is damaging as it creates a kind of discrimination as argued in the articles and it even degrades the basic dignity of people. It can be damaging as it prevents the victim to be a social citizen as well as in extreme cases, they even cause violence. There were certain racist attacks that was observed amid the pandemic and found that there were a lot of hate speech which was being reported in terms of the treatment of women. There was a false allegation that said that the Chinese Americans were the main reason for spreading the virus and this created a racist environment with hate speech against them.
3. Words matter because while decreasing the level of stigma, it is important to first decrease the level of discrimination, hate as well as xenophobia. The Asian Americans were treated harshly and were attacked on many grounds as having false allegations about spreading the deadly virus (Koslowski 2022). There were several stereotypical judgements and racial comments against the Asians. The government also called them as Chinese Virus which was not right on their part. Thus, the power of language in conveying the attitudes will only be symbolic if the discrimination and racial thoughts are being removed.
Koslowski, M., 2022. What is hate speech?. [online] Smh.com.au. Available at: <https://www.smh.com.au/national/what-is-hate-speech-20200202-p53wzy.html> [Accessed 26 March 2022].
Ramachandran, V., 2022. ‘Words matter’ as Asian American leaders urge action against hate crimes. [online] PBS NewsHour. Available at: <https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/words-matter-as-asian-american-leaders-urge-action-against-hate-crimes?fbclid=IwAR2N3elSf9L9M1cBFcYxYaEhM8pcxo3_ABS09PtokYlaBi8o63c9TmG1E84> [Accessed 26 March 2022].