The Temporary work program refers to the program of the Canadian government to permit the workers in Canada to employ the international residents. The Temporary work program started in Canada in year 1973. When this program started, various employers brought in were talented workers like the expertise clinicians or consultants. Further, in year 2002, the low-skilled employer’s class was covered. The class of low skilled workers in the present time makes up most of the temporary international staff. Moreover, in year 2006, the temporary work program was extended and fast tracking addressed for the certain places. In year 2013, it was studied again, rising salaries, taking workers fee, and eliminating the fast-tracked application.
In the following parts, the temporary work program and purpose of temporary work program is discussed and critically examined. This research essay states the advantages and disadvantages of the temporary work program at the governmental level and the personal level. A Montreal-based immigration legal firm, FW Canada, states scope and extent of the temporary work program. Its statement is analysed in below parts.
Temporary Work Program-
Posavac, (2015) stated that the Temporary work program is the immigration option in Canada, which permits the people who are neither the resident of Canada nor the permanent citizen to do job in Canada in position, which are handling the labour deficiencies and are vacant by the citizens of Canada. When the program was developed, it was open to live-in caregivers and agricultural employees, but the temporary work program has extended or advanced (Orrenius & Zavodny, 2015).
Advantages of temporary work program-
The temporary work program is beneficial for the workers who do not want to continue efforts. The temporary work program permit the individuals to increment the earning without the assurance needed for the full time work (Ferreira, de Grip & Van der Velden, 2018). The individuals may take the contracts related to temporary work while this is most suitable for them. According to Forbes, in the present time the average employee remains at one job for approximately four years. It means that the average employee changes the job from age eighteen to sixty five. The temporary work program becomes the new ordinary in this case. The individuals enjoy freedom or independence through the temporary work program (Boese & Macdonald, 2017).
In the new sphere full of advance technologies, accepting the new skills is not just the good-to-have, it is necessary to being employed. The current job market values those with varied abilities, which are continually being efficient and advanced. The temporary work program take to the workstation in labours, as individuals take on original temporary work, the individuals will unavoidably learn new abilities (Jacobsson, Lundin & Soderholm, 2016).
At full time job, the expectation for the permanent worker is very much high. They have various obligations to perform. The temporary employees are free of various expectations, and so regularly have more regulations over the work-life balance. The temporary work program is a pronounced process to get out there and decide what people actually desire in the job. Bourbonniere & Mann, (2018) stated that making schedule of vacations might be the difficult, particularly when individuals are a week short on leave. With the help of temporary work program, managing the vacation is easy. The worker is not restricted to the vacation schedule of company.
While looking at governmental level, it is analysed that the temporary work program can save money or time. The cost of hiring temporary employees is regularly cheap in comparison of the cost of employing permanent workers with advantages. In short-run, this is normally more cost-effective to employ the temporary worker. For job, which is expected to previous 6 months or longer, it can pay to employ the permanent worker (Robillard, et. al, 2018).
Disadvantages of temporary work program-
It is showed by the studies that regularity and brutality rates of on job damages are considerably high with the temporary workers employed through temporary work program. The temporary experience does not matter, care should be considered to see that risky assignments are functioned securely. Certain reviews of manager have searched an assumption that temporary workers are usually less dependable than the permanent worker counter part. It is highlighted by latest court decisions that business should be careful how the agreement for the temporary workers. There should be no uncertainties regarding the status of employees and in respect of the deficiency of capability for the advantages of permanent workers.
Moreover, Ethics and worker relationship issues can rise when individuals have temporary working together with permanent workers for month, doing same task and placing in similar hours, but not taking same benefits afforded permanent co-workers. While selecting the temporary agencies initially, the administration is required to spend time to choose the specific needs (Donaldson, 2016).
Conclusion and recommendation
As per the above analysis, it can be concluded that there are certain advantages and disadvantages of the temporary work program. Due to the fluctuation and insecurity connected with contract work, the temporary work through the temporary work program should frequently pay little more than permanent job. It is recommended to create more options through the temporary work program like increasing the salaries for temporary workers. The training should be provided to the temporary workers through the temporary work program.
Boese, M., & Macdonald, K. (2017). Restricted entitlements for skilled temporary migrants: the limits of migrant consent. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(9), 1472-1489.
Bourbonniere, A. M., & Mann, D. R. (2018). Correction to: Benefit Duration and Return to Work Outcomes in Short Term Disability Insurance Programs: Evidence from Rhode Island’s Temporary Disability Insurance Program. Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 48(7), 1-1.
Donaldson, G. W. (2016). How the United States' Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program Violates Its Customary International Law Obligations Founded in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Ga. J. Int'l & Comp. L., 45, 315.
Ferreira, M., de Grip, A., & Van der Velden, R. (2018). Does informal learning at work differ between temporary and permanent workers? Evidence from 20 OECD countries. Labour Economics, 55, 18-40.
Jacobsson, M., Lundin, R. A., & Söderholm, A. (2016). Towards a multi-perspective research program on projects and temporary organizations: Analyzing the Scandinavian turn and the Rethinking effort. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 9(4), 752-766.
Orrenius, P. M., & Zavodny, M. (2015). The Impact of Temporary Protected Status on Immigrants' Labor Market Outcomes. American Economic Review, 105(5), 576-80.
Posavac, E. J. (2015). Program evaluation: Methods and case studies. New York: Routledge.
Robillard, C., McLaughlin, J., Cole, D. C., Vasilevska, B., & Gendron, R. (2018). Caught in the Same Webs—Service ProvidersInsights on Gender-Based and Structural Violence Among Female Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 25(4), 1-24.