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There is no denying the fact that the rapid growth of the low-cost carriers and the preference of the consumers to avail the service of the same are indeed providing cut-throat competition to the normal Full Service Carriers. As a result, the preference of the airline consumers to opt their way out of the superlative legacy carriers, for the sake of lowering the travelling expenses, can threaten the stability of the airline industry. Hence, it has become imperative to develop a clear understanding of the common factors that influence the buying decision of the airline travellers. Multiple factors, such as brand image, total expenses involved or the quality of service experienced at previous times, can influence the consumption behaviour of the travellers. This is exactly the reason why a survey has been conducted on the selected consumers of the airline industry, whereby the responses of the consumers regarding their airline service preferences can be understood, and accordingly changes in service quality or price can be recommended for the airline companies.
The importance of the survey questionnaire for this research cannot be understated, and the questionnaire does play a crucial role in addressing the needs of the research. Hence, the survey questionnaire has been designed and he questions therein have been structured with great detail. First of all, while writing the questions for the questionnaire, the aims and the objectives of the research have been carefully studied. The research aims and objectives had been written down, following which the information that the research sought, had been carefully noted down, and accordingly the research questions were being formulated. It has been observed that the aim of the research is to develop an understanding of the factors, that influence the consumption behaviour of the airline consumers and to offer recommendations accordingly. Thus, since the research project intends to critically evaluate the consumption behaviour of the airline customers, and the factors affecting the same, the questions incorporated in the survey intended to ask the respondents about the extent, factors like the loyalty programs, low fares, or online booking can influence their consumption decision (Orcher 2016). However, before asking the case-specific questions, a few questions were being kept at the top of the questionnaire pertaining to the basic, demographic details of the respondents, such as their marital status, employment status and travelling frequency. This helped in understanding the background of each of the respondents studied. Next, as many questions related to the case as possible, were being framed and put on the questionnaire, and after careful checking, the less relevant questions or almost similar questions were being successfully removed (Briscoe et al. 2013). For example, at one point, the question “I would prefer a low fare plane over a high fare plane, even given a better quality of service” as framed, and another question almost similar to that “Price is an important factor affecting my buying decision” was also framed. In order to prevent unnecessary questions, the second question was being removed. At the same time, since the survey intended to record the responses of the customers on a Likert Scale, the survey questions were being soon translated into survey statements, to which the respondent were expected to respond as per his degree of agreement. Next, while framing the survey questionnaire, any kind of vague or ambiguous expressions, have been eliminated, and the language of each survey question has been kept simple and easily comprehensible (Fowler 2013) . While designing the questionnaire, a smooth flow from one topic to the next has also been ensured. Hence, the basic personal details of the interviewee is followed by the case-specific close-ended questions, ultimately leading to the open-ended questions. In order to ensure a logical flow, amongst all the questions, the first question asks the respondent about the overall quality of satisfaction he gets to experience while boarding a flight, and then takes him to state the extent to which he will prioritize quality satisfaction over service price. Since some of the keywords might not be comprehensible to the respondent, the important keywords have been explained in the right hand corner of the questionnaire. Sentences with too many clauses or unusual constructions often end up confusing the respondents. This is the reason, why the longer questions have been broken into two separate questions.
Out of the 20 survey questions, 18 questions had close-ended answers, and as a result, the respondents had to mark the given responses, already stated in the questionnaire. Accordingly, a Likert Scale has been used for this purpose, whereby five responses have been provided to the respondent against each question. The respondent can mark any of the five options (1- Strongly disagree, 2-Disagree, 3-Neutral, 4-Agree, 5-Strongly agree) to show his agreement or disagreement with a given statement. In order to ensure that none of the questions are leading, the statements have been used instead of proper questions. The close-ended questions had been kept at the top of the questionnaire, followed by the close-ended questions. Four open-ended questions have been kept in the end, to allow room for open discussion and interpretation. While framing these questions, the most important factors, that have been deemed to be vital, in affecting consumer decision has been taken into consideration (Rea and Parker 2014) . Accordingly, the respondents have been asked to respond to open-ended questions like, “What are the qualities that, you believe, should characterize the airline company you wish to avail, in future”, that could help the respondent discuss in great detail, his expectation from the airline company. The open-ended questions have been reserved for the selected questions that required a qualitative gauge. The open-ended questions allow a variety of responses open to interpretation, and hence have been incorporated in the survey questionnaire (Orcher 2016). Yet again, since the analysis of these require a lot of time, the number of open-ended questions has been kept to a minimum. Most importantly, before administering the survey questions to the actual respondents, a pilot test had been conducted, that aimed to ensure the effectiveness of each of the questions in generating a reliable result.
Briscoe, B., Brunstrom, A., Ros, D., Hayes, D., Petlund, A., Tsang, I. J., ... & Fairhurst, G. (2013, September). A survey of latency reducing techniques and their merits. In ISOC Workshop on Reducing Internet Latency, Sep.
Fowler Jr, F.J., 2013. Survey research methods. Sage publications.
Orcher, L.T., 2016. Conducting a survey: Techniques for a term project. Routledge.
Rea, L.M. and Parker, R.A., 2014. Designing and conducting survey research: A comprehensive guide. John Wiley & Sons.
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