After an emphasis on the bill, NZMA concluded with some recommendations that include broadening the scope of the Healthy Homes Bill and advance the timeframes for its realization if it is passed. The organization is concerned that the large population of the New Zealanders does not have access sufficient, warm, safe, dry, and affordable houses that are vital for health and well-being. They argue that everyday doctors attend to children who are sick because of living in damp, cold, and moldy houses. On the other hand, the report from the Office of the Children's Commission shows that the adverse effects of cold, moldy, and damp houses on children have led to 15 deaths and 42, 000 hospital admissions of children per year. Such houses also have adverse effects on vulnerable groups such as young children, older people, people with disabilities, and the employed because of spending most of their time in the house.
Other various studies show that poor health results due to inadequate housing have significant community spending on tax and in lost productivity. A study done by the New Zealand Business Council for Sustainable Development suggested that having average thermal efficiency would lead to few people staying in the hospitals due to respiratory problems. Thermal efficiency would reduce the number of sickness days per year; thus, increasing productivity. Another study performed by the World- leading research in New Zealand found that enhanced health results can get achieved through housing interventions like retrofitting insulation and by providing improved heat sources (OECD Economic Surveys: New Zealand, 2015).
After realizing the ethical and social importance of the Bill, the NZMA proposed that MBIE should set standards that require all the landlords to meet the rules. This requirement should get enforced once the Act comes into force. They actively support the core intent of the bill because they believe that it has the potential of improving the health of many of the vulnerable groups. On the other, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that interior house temperatures should get maintained above 18 degrees. The New Zealand homes have indoor temperatures below 16 degrees and are more likely to be occupied by tenants than the house owners. Heating poor-quality houses are expensive; hence, contributing to the major issue of fuel poverty. Some organizations suggest that the Bill should have included safety issues in renting housing such as the provision of handrails in the stairs and grab rails in the bathrooms.
The three branches of the New Zealand government are the Executive Branch, Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch. The Executive branch is responsible for ensuring that the laws are carried out (Cox, 2013). On the other hand, the legislature is responsible for making laws, while the Judiciary branch is to ensure laws are correctly done and that laws abide by the constitution.
The Second Article states that the Queen of England accepts to protect the chiefs, the subtribes and all the New Zealand people in the unqualified exercise of their chieftainship over their lands, villages and all their treasures (Hong, 2014). But on the other hand, the Chiefs of the Confederation and all the Chiefs will sell land to the Queen at a price agreed to by the owner and by the buyer appointed by the Queen as her purchase agent.
Third Article states that the Queen of England will protect all the ordinary people of New Zealand and will give them the same rights and duties of citizenship as the people of England (Moon, 2005).
2.The Treaty Principles are the rules used in translating Waitangi Acts. There is no ultimate complete meaning of these principles because the official documents have referred to the treaty in general terms (Boast, 2016).
3.It is because the English and the Maori are not the direct translations of each other; thus, creating difficulties in interpretation.
4.For additional information please visit the following sources:
Treaty of Waitangi | Northland & Bay of Islands, New Zealand. (2017). Newzealand.com. Retrieved 5 April 2017, from https://www.newzealand.com/us/feature/treaty-of-waitangi/
Treaty of Waitangi - Te Tiriti o Waitangi - Archives New Zealand. Te Rua Mahara o te K?wanatanga. (2017). Archives.govt.nz. Retrieved 5 April 2017, from https://archives.govt.nz/exhibitions/treaty
5.The reason why the Treaty is essential to doing business in New Zealand is that it governs the relationship between the indigenous people (Maori), and everyone else and guarantees the rights of both Maori and Pakeha get protected.
Boast, R. P. (2016). The Waitangi Tribunal in the Context of New Zealand's Political Culture and Historiography. Journal Of The History Of International Law, 18(2/3), 339-361.
Cox, N. (2013). Proposed Constitutional Reform in New Zealand: Constitutional Entrenchment, Written Constitutions and Legitimacy. Round Table, 102(1), 51-70.
Duffy, B. (2016). In States We "Trust": Self-Settled Trusts, Public Policy, And Interstate Federalism. Northwestern University Law Review, 111(1), 205-238.
Gibbons, T. (2012). The Tenancy Tribunal: Tensions of Jurisdiction, Coherence, and Economics. Otago Law Review, 12(4), 703-730.
Gómez, L. D., Kwon, O., & Dabirvaziri, M. R. (2015). Seismic fragility of steel moment-resisting frames in Vancouver and Montreal designed in the 1960s, 1980s, and 2010. Canadian Journal Of Civil Engineering, 42(11), 919-929.
Hanlon, J. (2015). Fair Housing Policy and the Abandonment of Public Housing Desegregation. Housing Studies, 30(1), 78-99.
Hong, B. (2014). National cultural indicators in New Zealand. Cultural Trends, 23(2), 93-108.
Kozel, R. J. (2014). THE SCOPE OF PRECEDENT. Michigan Law Review, 113(2), 179-230.
Levine, M. L. (2013). Tenancy in common is held to be a security. Real Estate Finance (Aspen Publishers Inc.), 30(1), 7-13.
Moon, P. (2005). The Waitangi Tribunal and New Zealand History. American Historical Review, 110(2), 457-458.
Nelson, C. (2015). The Legitimacy of (Some) Federal Common Law. Virginia Law Review, 101(1), 1-64.
OECD Economic Surveys: New Zealand 2015. (2015). 2015(15), 1-150.
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