According to Hye-jung & Cheolil (2012), Team size can influence individual performance or behaviors at work. When a group of people come together to perform a particular task, some members may see that some are not helping them but just following the motions. Others may just lose who they are and follow the group blindly leaving their personality behind. When a group has grown in size the following aspects are always present. One of the aspects is social loafing. This is where an individual exerts less efforts to perform a particular task compared to his or her capabilities. This behavior can bring about negative attributes to a person like laziness.
Social loafing is common in all groups of work and as a team leader, it’s good to recognize and tackle it. According to Adam (2018), social loafing leads to low productivity. This can be prevented by assigning every member of the group with their own responsibilities which influences the end results of the projects. Also, evaluating each individual’s performance, giving them rewards for their contributions can also minimize social loafing problems. Team size can also exert pressure on individual performance. This is whereby every member of a team is given their own responsibilities which determines the end result of the project. The employee would, therefore, be forced to work extra hard to avoid letting other workers down.
Cohesiveness in a team can be defined as an extent to which people in a particular group find staying together to be in common interest. This can affect individual behavior because they would be expected to behave in a way which is best for the group (Troy, 2015). The main factors that influence group cohesiveness are member’s similarity, group purpose and team size. These factors come after all individual behaviors are controlled and other controls put in place. Group cohesiveness can be increased if the members take time to understand each other better. Also, through identifying their goals and agreeing on how to accomplish them can assist workers to improve work cohesion. Communication and honesty are also important tools in increasing group cohesion. Members can agree to hold meetings every day to inform each other about the progress.
Diversity in teamwork means having all types of employees who are different and come from diverse backgrounds. Since a team is made up of members with differences in age, religion and cultural ethics this can have an influence on individual behavior (Inesa & Hyonsong, 2015). For example, an employee can adapt the mode of dress code or a certain religion from another worker. Due to these differences, a group should have its own code of ethics to ensure uniformity. This is because diversity can lead to a conflict of opinions whereby every employee is giving ideas which suit their culture or religion. The leaders should, therefore, set rules which refocuses employee’s minds to tasks of the group and make them work towards achieving them.
Adam, R.S. (2018). Managing the Team Project Process: Helpful Hints and Tools to Ease the Workload without Sacrificing Learning Objectives. E-Journal of Business Education and Scholarship Teaching, 12(1), 45-50
Hye-jung, L & Cheolil, L. (2012). Peer Evaluation in Blended Team Project-Based Learning: What Do Students Find Important? Educational Technology & Society, 15(4), 5-12
Inesa, K & Hyonsong, C. (2015). An Empirical Study of the Relationships between Miscommunication and Conflict in Culturally Diverse Work Groups. Journal of International Business Research, 14(3), 3-10
Troy, H. (2015). Does Cohesion Positively Correlate to Performance in All Stages of a Group's Life Cycle? Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, 1