Discuss about the Computational Inference of Hirability.
On a job interview, a candidate might think that he or she has all the relevant answers for the questions the interviewer would ask and eventually he or she will get the job. In real life getting a job is not that easy as nonverbal communication plays a big role behind getting successful in a job interview. The candidate’s body language, intonation, facial expressions, the attire of the candidate everything matters in a job interview. In some cases, nonverbal communication is seen more important than verbal communication (Knapp, Hall and Horgan 2013). The interviewers observe the candidate’s nonverbal communication throughout the interview and they will judge the candidate highly on its basis.
It can be said that, non-verbal communication is an element of the in-person presentation that caused to be the response when the responses matter the most. There are five principle effects that a nonverbal communication must have and those are mentioned below.
Repetition: Non-verbal communication can easily reinforce what has been already said.
Substitution: Non-verbal communications can easily substitute words.
Contradiction: Non-verbal communication can easily contradict the messages and can project the speaker as a dishonest person (Irvine, Drew, and Sainsbury 2013).
Accenting: Non-verbal communications can emphasize a specific point in the message.
Complementing: The non-verbal communication can complement most of the verbal messages. For an example it can be said that patting on the back can be a sign of appreciation.
These five principles are the most important factors of a nonverbal communication, and for an interviewee, being aware of these five principles would be most beneficiary, as these factors can expose him or his intents in front of the interviewer, in most cases who has a huge experience of interviewing.
There are some myths about nonverbal communication in which some people think that any kind of effective communication is 55% body language, 38% voice tone and mere 7% of the words any interviewee use at the time of interview. This statistics is nothing but an urban myth. It is also a popular myth that one cannot hide their feelings, or people unconsciously shows natural signs about their feelings and these all are nothing but lies.
It can also be said that some relations can be conveyed via non-verbal communication. Nonverbal communication can signal liking or disliking, dominance or submissiveness and at times it conveys high or low responsiveness. Nonverbal communication can be classified into six categories, such as kinesis, proxemics, chronemics Haptics and vocalic (Eggenberger, Heimerl and Bennett 2013). Under kinesis eye behavior facial expression, gesture and personal appearance matter counts and these are essential for an interviewee to take care of to get success at the job interview. Then in the proxemics section people show how close they are with the other person via body language. This is an important part of the nonverbal communication. After that, in chronemics section, it is seen that chronemics is the study of time in nonverbal communication. It involves human tempos their independent behavior (Feldman 2014). after chronemics, study of haptics is pretty important in nonverbal communication. It is based on the human touches that pretty much convey the messages, but sometimes misunderstandings occur due to haptics. After that vocalics are also very important part of nonverbal communication, and in t his section voice tones, loudness, pitch of the voice everything matters, and the candidate must be careful about this, else wrong message would be conveyed to the interviewer and the chances of getting success can lower down. The interviewees must concentrate on their speaking rate and volume and tone of their voice. They must take a gap or pause before making any important point in front of the interviewer.
The interviewer must take special care of their vocal cues as some undesirable vocals can show signs of incompetence, indecisiveness, aggressiveness and anxiety. Achieving impression in front of the interviewer is another important part of the interview process and the interviewee must show their intrapersonal skills to increase his or hers likeability and interpersonal attractiveness (Adler, Rodman and DuPré 2016). The interviewees must try to increase their likability, credibilities by relaxed behavior, friendly speech, maintaining high level of eye contact, showing confidence and sometimes clothing style. Apart from this the interviewee must take good care of his or her spontaneous behavior, seating posture and he or she should behave in a friendly manner. These are the things that an interviewee should try to maintain in an interview. Thus, from the discussion it is evident that nonverbal communicating skills play a very important role in getting successful in the job interview and maintaining a good nonverbal communication can make the interview process easier for the candidate and in most cases the candidate gets out with a job in his or her pocket.
Intercultural communication can be attributed as a discipline that deals with the communication among the different cultures and ethnic groups spread throughout the world. This intercultural communication can be used to portray the widespread communication processes and issues which generally appear within a business organization or in social context by individuals from various religious or ethnic groups. It is seen that in business sector issues regarding intercultural communication arise when there are some problems in transmission of messages (Liu and Irwin 2017). Generally if two people from same cultural background speak of something the individual of the receiving end gets the meaning conveyed by the individual who is speaking of something. On the other hand, if the speaker and the listener are from two different backgrounds, some problems may arise and that is due to communicational gap (Manusov 2014). When a person does not get what the other person is trying to say problems arise in the workplace, as in any industry, communication is the key to get success. In this context it is seen that an individual is having some problems working with a manager who came from Sweden and does not know English that much. The general problem in this case is gap in communication (Pawlikowska et al. 2012). It is seen that in most cases for an entry level managers in especially hospital industry, spend more than 80% of his time on communicational activities with the clients and the subordinates or colleagues (Nguyen et al. 2014). It is seen that intrapersonal skill is one of the most important skill for a manager to have, and in this context, problems are rising because of lack of communication between the manager and the subordinates. Both parties are trying too hard to get the best results at the workplace, but language differences are becoming the greatest barrier in between (Salomonson, Åberg and Allwood 2012).
In this case a model of Communication Accommodation Theory can be applied for the betterment of the situation. This theory describes how wile communicating, individuals adapt to each other in encounters which are totally purpose related, and in these cases, cultural factors must be incorporated.
This theory eliminates the communicative distances between two parties from different background trying to communicate with each other. Intercultural adaptation process includes a continuous chain of deculturation and acculturation bringing in changes for the in strangers or immigrants in the direction of assimilation in the highest degree of adaptation which is theoretically conceivable.
This theory was first ever introduced and adapted by Herbert Spencer in Victorian England. Spencer applied this theory borrowing from Francis Galton for social adjustment and for best outcomes in wealth production. According to this theory, the individuals who are new to a culture must undergo the process of deculturation and unlearning everything about the language they speak.
Then they must try to adapt the mainstream host culture and its beliefs, values and behavioral modes to fit in the situation. This theory of adaptation advocates for complete unlearning and deulturation of the individual who is facing communicational problems in the workplace, and he has to then learn and adapt the culture and language the majority follows and speaks. In this process, any kind of retention of language, beliefs, way of talking can be attributed as unprofessionalism or communicational incompetency (Remland 2016).
This is the model which can be used in this context where the manager from Sweden is having some problems in the workplace mostly due to problems related to communication. The Swedish person knows nothing about the culture, language of Australia and that is what stopping him from getting success at workplace (Laugeson et al. 2012). Using the model of Communication Accommodation Theory, he can definitely learn how to speak and how to behave in Australia and that will give him enough confidence to taste success at his workplace.
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