Discuss about the Internet of Things and Concept of Home Automation.
Topic of project:
The topic of the project is to adapt gesture control in home automation system.
Internet of things (IOT) is the process of interconnection of devices in vehicles or buildings with connected hardware and embedded software like actuators, sensors and network connectivity that helps in exchange of data between them. The IOT allows remote sensing of objects across existing physical networks causing in a more direct integration of the physical resources inside the computer system.
This report discusses on the concept of home automation and its vast uses in the market. It mainly involves the automatic control of physical appliances like heating, conditioning or home appliances like oven or refrigerators. This report further discusses on the project of Gesture Control in home automation. Without manually using any home appliances, gesture control can help to provide peace of mind to users.
Solution and features:
The internet of things is constantly changing the user interfaces of the appliances in a rapid rate. The interactions and operations are also constantly changing leading to a synchronized way of operations. The operations of these appliances with respect to gesture control are achieved by receiving the visual and sensory data from the camera present and applying it to the user interfaces (Xia et al., 2012).
The ability to synchronize operations between appliances can lead to better savings of energy and operations and provide peace of mind to the user. A smart home can give many features to its users (Jacobsson, Boldt & Carlsson, 2016).
- Interoperations can be achieved which provides synchronization between different platforms.
- Asides from gesture control, remote access is also another attribute of the smart appliances.
- Up gradation features is allowed by the smart appliances so that in future, the appliances will evolve with technologies (Jacobsson, Boldt & Carlsson, 2016).
- Ease of interfaces is the most advantageous characteristics of a home-automated system. The interfaces may range from keypads or touch screens to gesture controls (Xia et al., 2012).
- A home-automated system provides energy saving feature by turning off not required systems.
Gesture control is achieved in appliances with many technologies. The main use of it in managing home appliances is the ease of access and automation in place of manual information to be asked each time (Lee, Kaoli & Huang, 2014). Many companies provide gesture control to its user one of which includes Point Grab (https://www.pointgrab.com).
Explanation of working:
The components required to implement the project are:
- The Arduino Uno R3 ATmega is the main component used in gesture control system.
- LCD display is the second component used in the process.
- An LED bulb is used here.
- ADXL 335 Accelerometer is another component used here.
- Power supply
- DC fan is used for data to reach from the Arduino (Melgar & Diez, 2012).
The main component used here is the Arduino Uno R3 ATmega. The display used from here is fed to the LCD display. An LED bulb is used fitted to a hand glove. The glove is further fitted to an ADXL 335 Accelerometer (Peng & Shen, 2012). The movement of the glove is achieved by the accelerometer. The output from is fed to a DC fan for switching on or off. When the glove is moved up, the fan is switched on and when the hand is moved down, the fan is switched off. This main concept is incorporated in many systems resulting in a smart gesture control (Melgar & Diez, 2012).
Pros and cons:
Life gets busy for most of the people and never-ending thoughts of securing the house always comes to mind. Thoughts like checking the lock of the door or switching off the lights are common in these aspects. This is the very reason why a smart home can fix the concerned problems and provide peace of mind to the owners (Byun, Hong & Park, 2012).
- Locking of the door is the first and foremost thought that comes to mind when someone decides to take a vacation or goes out of the house for some time. To avoid these circumstances, a smart lock can be used which can lock the house in the presence of a single swipe. Some smart locks can also be opened or closed by the single gesture.
- Kitchen appliances are also of another concern to the house owners. Installation of a Z wave kitchen module in the kitchen can solve the everyday tensions. Kitchen appliances can also be used with a gesture control to solve manual operations.
- While on vacation, it is impossible to change the temperature of a house in drastic weathers. Installation of a smart thermostat can provide the required heating to a house. Smart thermostat can also provide gesture swiping to adjust the temperature when the user is present in the house without the use of a remote (Melgar & Diez, 2012).
The main problem of gesture control system in automating home appliance fail from platform dependence and lack of standards. This causes appliances with different software to be run and causes interaction failures. Customers may not purchase the appliances that are hard to interconnect.
Security concern is another problem of home automation. The patches or upgrades made to older system may leave bugs in the system and lead to malfunctioned behavior (Peng & Shen, 2012).
Internet of things is the ability to interconnect between appliances containing an IP address. The appliances can range from a heart monitor to a sensor installed in a vehicle. The embedded technologies integrated in these appliances let them detect the environmental factors and affects the necessary decisions taken. Thus, it can be concluded from the report that Internet of Things integration in home automation can lead to effective changes in buildings or in the market itself.
Byun, J., Hong, I., & Park, S. (2012). Intelligent cloud home energy management system using household appliance priority based scheduling based on prediction of renewable energy capability. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 58(4)..
Jacobsson, A., Boldt, M., & Carlsson, B. (2016). A risk analysis of a smart home automation system. Future Generation Computer Systems, 56, 719-733.
Lee, W. P., Kaoli, C., & Huang, J. Y. (2014). A smart TV system with body-gesture control, tag-based rating and context-aware recommendation. Knowledge-Based Systems, 56, 167-178.
Melgar, E. R., & Diez, C. C. (2012). Arduino and kinect projects: Design, build, blow their minds. Apress
Peng, S., & Shen, H. (2012). Security technology analysis of IoT. In Internet of Things (pp. 401-408). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Xia, F., Yang, L. T., Wang, L., & Vinel, A. (2012). Internet of things. International Journal of Communication Systems, 25(9), 1101.