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Questions:

1. As a software developer, you are required to develop programs that can be readily accessed by a wide range of clients.

Discuss ways in which you can design your software and applications for 2 of the following:

a.Blind or visually impaired clients
b.Clients with limited or poor hand coordination
c.Learning programs for children recovering from trauma
d.Clients who are colour blind
e.Clients who are hearing impaired
 
2. We have been looking at concepts of Green ICT this week. Discuss 3 ways in which you (or your organisation), can use ICT to reduce your carbon footprint, and contribute to Green ICT.
 
3. Which of the following are projects, and which are processes? Explain your answer
 
a.Building a computer, on a production line of identical computers
b.Building a house, as one of a series of identical houses all over Australia
c.Upgrading a computer from Windows 7 to Windows 10
d.Upgrading all 120 computers from Windows 7 to Windows 10
 
 

Answers:

1.The computer program can be easily be accessed by Blind or visually impaired clients with the help of screen readers. The screen readers are computer software, which directly assists the blind or the visually impaired people in using the computers. It can be stated here that it acts as a platform, which helps in the aspect of communication between the user and the computer (Guo and Bigham 2018). Each of the screen readers comes along with a set of commands, which are unique. Each of the commands performs a specific predefined function.

Clients who are colour-blind can use the concept of colorbrewer. This concept gives the user a diverging, sequential and categorical (which is sometimes binary) palettes that are very much colourblind safe. The concept can be modified according to the need of the user to fit the style guide. They help the people to identify each colour very effectively and minimise the problem which they are facing (Laudon and Laudon 2016).

2.Few ways in which organisation can use ICT to reduce carbon footprint are stated below:

  • Turning off the personal computers when not in use: Turning off the computer can highly reduce the carbon footprint due to the factor that if they are kept on they consume almost the same amount of electricity as four bright (non-energy saving) lights on full time (Stewart and Khare 2018).
  • Manage of PC power plan: Managing of the PC can be very much beneficial. Some of the options which are available are stated below:
  • Option of power saving when the pc is actively on.
  • Turing off the monitor after a long period of inactivity.
  • Activating the standby mode after a specific period of inactivity.
  • Activating sleep or standby mode after a period of inactivity.
  • Limited use of screen savers: It can be stated here that the use of screen savers can be a part of personalising the personal computers. When they are directly triggered, they can keep both the monitor and the computers active. They do not contribute to any power saving options (Lazar, Feng and Hochheiser 2017).

3.The building a computer on a production line of identical computers can be considered as a process, which involves a set of predefined task

Building a house as one of the series of identical houses can be considered as a project. This is due to the factor that most of the emphasis would be put on the identical aspect, which is the primary objective. Projects should have a specific aim (one aim) and in this case, building the identical house is a part of the success factor of the project.

Upgrading a computer from Windows 7 to Window 10 can be stated as a project, which may include a predefined set of operation. The implementation of the task would be done according to a sequence of the task which already existed.

Upgrading all the 120 computers from window 7 to window ten can be considered as a process due to the factor that it can consist of more than one process and a sequence of actions. In most of the cases, it can be stated that the up gradation process involves a predefined set of process, which has to be executed to reach to the goal. It can be stated here that processes usually have a set of functions, which follow a specific pattern of activity (Abbasi, Sarker and Chiang 2016).

 

References

Abbasi, A., Sarker, S. and Chiang, R.H., 2016. Big data research in information systems: Toward an inclusive research agenda. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 17(2).

Guo, A. and Bigham, J.P., 2018. Making Everyday Interfaces Accessible: Tactile Overlays by and for Blind People. IEEE Pervasive Computing, 17(2), pp.66-70.

Laudon, K.C. and Laudon, J.P., 2016. Management information system. Pearson Education India.

Lazar, J., Feng, J.H. and Hochheiser, H., 2017. Research methods in human-computer interaction. Morgan Kaufmann.

Stewart, B. and Khare, A., 2018. Athabasca university reduces ICT carbon footprint. GSTF Journal on Computing (JoC), 1(4).

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