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CONMGNT1000 Civil Engineering Construction Materials

tag 0 Download 0 Pages / 0 Words tag 21-06-2022


1. Project Nature and Study Requirements

This project of ours was based on the design of a college hostel including all of its components like rooms, doors, windows, bathrooms, kitchen, floors, wall paints and others. During the civil engineering course, we were taught to develop building designs and we needed to implement the knowledge in this project. In this project, our team was formed of 5 civil engineers and duties were allocated to us accordingly. During the course of the project, our team designed the building plan for the college hostel as also estimated the resource requirements of the project.

Project Aims and Initiatives

1. The aims and initiatives of the project were as follows

2. To develop a rough design of the hostel building

3. To include the rooms, kitchens and bathrooms in the building design

4. To develop estimation plan for required resources
5. To develop a plan for including all the components of the building in the design

Personal Working Field in Project

I was a student of civil engineering degree course when this project started and I needed to fulfill my duties in this project as an essential requirement for passing in this academic course. I was applied my technical knowledge that I gathered in the academic course during the theoretical classes in order to demonstrate my skills in practical work. In this project, I needed to show creative design skills and problem solving knowledge in order to overcome all obstacles and difficulties in this project.

4. Chart of the Organizational Structure

Project Engineer – Civil Engineer [My Position]

Coordinator 1

Coordinator 2

Coordinator 3

Coordinator 4

Project Architect

5. Personal Activities Regarding Role

This project involved four civil engineering students including me and hence, the roles involved technical work in the field of civil engineering. Since duties in the project were segmented among all the team members, each of the members had their own duties and responsibilities. I was assigned in the role for designing activities in the project and my responsibilities included the following.

To survey the land area where the hostel would be built.
To prepare a draft design of the building including all the necessary components like doors and window.
To find suitable parameters for the components of the buildings.
To divide the entire building into rooms, kitchens and bathrooms.
To simulate a building model developed in AUTOCAD or a similar simulation software.
Personal Engineering Activity Engineering Skills and Knowledge Application Areas.

I first determined the required materials for the development of the building as follows.

Coarse Aggregate.
Fine Aggregate.
Floor Tiles.
Roof Tiles.
Plastic Materials.
Doors & Windows.
Asphalt Bitumen.
Coloring Material.
White Cement.
Paints & Varnishes.
Brick Ballast.
Sanitary Materials.
Finishing Tiles.

Furthermore, I determined the design requirements of the project as follows.

I emphasized that Terrazzo floor should be used in all the rooms and with conglomerate polished floor 4 cm thick and 1:2:4 dimension ratio within the proposed hostel room. According to the design developed by me, the doors and windows should be built of teak wood 4.5 mm thick framed or coated with extra screens. The inward and external divider might have 1.25 cm thick bond mortars. All fitting and fastenings was great nature of metal or different materials. I also determined in my design and that the different rooms like dining and bedrooms can be developed and painted with two coats whereas other parts of the building structure would be white washed with three coats. I also decided that the outside of the hostel building would be shaded with snowcem of two coats more than one layer of white washing. Furthermore, I determined for the proposed design that each of the windows, doors and other furniture that would used for completing the interiors of the hostel rooms would be painted with two coats with polish paints.

Segmentation of Project Activities

Before the start of the project, the management team of the organization set the team an overall time period of 3 years that could not be extended further unless certain unavoidable circumstances like a major accident occurred. In order to complete the entire project in time, project activities were segmented among all the team members involved in the project. For instance, some members were involved in the repair and maintenance of critical equipments of the vapour recovery unit whereas some others were involved in calibration of different mechanical and electrical equipments. Due to the segmentation of the activities, the entire project was executed smoothly over the time.

Technical Difficulties And Their Solutions

Technical Difficulties

I mainly faced a significant technical problem in choosing a suitable material for preparing the foundation of the building. The soil of the site had diverse characteristics and hence, I needed to select a suitable material for building the foundation.

Solutions To The Problems

In order to solve the problem, I chose lime and surkhi. Surkhi was ideal for better concrete. Lime was white fat lime and was naturally singed and free from fiery debris and other outside issues lime was sleacked at site of work and screened through a sifter of 3 cross sections to a cm (8 lattices to an inch). The concentration comprised of 1 cum of block ballast, 0.32 cum of surkhi and 0.16 cum of white lime in the extent of 100:32:16 by volume.

Original And Creative Design Work

I showed significant creative work in the preparation of the foundation material in which I used lime concentration. I ensured all the materials were used as per standard specifications. I determined that the coarse aggregate should be hard, finished brunt block ballast of 40 mm gage. It was profound cherry red or copper shading and was cleaned, free from tidy and other remote issues and also must be homogeneous in surface and cubical. I mainly conducted the blending process using a water tight container of sufficient capacity. I used a rectangular layer of block ballast (uniform thickness <30 cm) and drenched in clean water for three hours. After that, I used the lime and surkhi in a wooden box in 1:2 ration and blended them constantly unless it became dry to obtain uniform shading. Ballast which seemed permeable or snow sign was not utilized. Block ballast should go through square work of 52.5 mm and not over 20% should go through a work of 25 mm. Any rejected material was expelled from site of work with in 24 hrs. During the construction process, I spread the dry blend of surkhi-lime over the stacked ballast in order to increase its thickness according to the predetermined parameters. After the entire structure became completely dry, clean water was continuously passed over it for glading and blending of the materials together for rigidity. After that, the entire ballast surface was covered with mortar and an optimum and uniform shade was obtained and I ensured that the mortar would not separate from the ballast surface. The water was added gradually to the required quality and the blending was proceeded for no less than one moment till a blend of uniform shading and workable consistency was found and was to such an extent that the ballast did not separate from the mortar. Cement was utilized for enormous work the blending was finished by machine. For this situation aggregate and utilized mortar was powdered in the drum while it was rotating.

Cooperation With The Team Members

I was always interested in working in the project as a team so that each and every duty is executed smoothly without any significant difficulty. Due to the massive scale of the work orders in the project, I understood the value of team work and took strong initiatives to build up a significant team coordination that will benefit not only the project but also each and every member of the team. Throughout my time in the project, I helped my fellow team members and in return, I received their help as well. I was successful in creating a single unit out of the team that did not avoid any challenges and solved them with team work and determination.


Project Outcome in Brief

In this project, we developed a detail plan of development of a hostel building as well as took part in the building process as well. This project was significantly complex but with effective team work and application of technical knowledge, we were able to complete it within specified time.

Contribution of Personal Role

I made active contribution in the project and applied all my technical knowledge and skills in order to help my teammates as well as complete my own project duties in time. After project completion, I was praised by the project manager for my active contribution in the project.

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Cite This Work

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My Assignment Help. (2022). Civil Engineering Construction Materials. Retrieved from

My Assignment Help (2022) Civil Engineering Construction Materials [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 26 September 2022].

My Assignment Help. 'Civil Engineering Construction Materials' (My Assignment Help, 2022) <> accessed 26 September 2022.

My Assignment Help. Civil Engineering Construction Materials [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2022 [cited 26 September 2022]. Available from:

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