Discuss about the Contemporary Society Task.
Inequalities in Women
Gender relations have been characterised through inequality that has historical roots in gender roles within the society. The productive and reproductive roles sharing among men and women have led to the description of women as lesser sex which makes men dominant. This has described men as the head of society and thus having privileges over women. Socialization processes and religion have been used t suppress women an issue that feminists have deeply contested. Religion is one of the institutions in the society that cannot be done away with. Different religions have different understanding and teachings that they base on the position of women in society. However Islamic religion has been on the spotlight on how the ideologies that are based in Islam have been used to oppress the rights of women and their place in society. This religion has made men dominate the Islamic world with women having very few privileges that they can use to exercise their rights and freedoms. The religion dictates the way a woman should carry herself around and defines the place that she holds in society. According to Islam women belong to men and are deemed inferior thus have no authority over women. Rreligion has defined the place of women through misinterpretation of scripture verses that have continued to influence the life of women. She argues that Islamic laws are made by men and thus the result is a male dominated law that promotes the rights of men while suppressing women. These laws and scriptures are used by men to gain popular support and in defence to ensure political, social and economic disempowerment of women. “Haram” and “Aib” have been used inappropriately to challenge women and proof the domination of men.
Murabit therefore argues that there are women leaders who have overcome all the odds and managed to climb the ladder in society. The presenter therefore argues that promoting rights of women through using alternative means can help women reclaim their position in society. Through using religious scriptures to speak to people in mosques, schools and all public places can help change the society and how they view and treat women. The Libyan revolution of 2011 led a cultural shift that led to the involvement of women in decision making. Therefore women must not remain silent but fight for the promotion of rights of women through caging liberal and conservative views that the Islamic society has on women
Where to Train the World are Doctors? Cuba
The change of Havana campus from a military centre to a medical training centre changed the world of medicine around the world today over 123 countries in the world are sending their students to learn in this university. Lack of access to resources and infrastructure keep poor students who have dreams away from being part of the world. However the involvement of opportunities for poor indigenous people has changed the society and led to the improvement of local facilities.
Training is a key element that ensures professional are able to execute responsibilities that their professionals for. Today the world has a shortage of medical staff and caregivers all with the US being one of the countries that has a shortage of healthcare staff. Many countries have developed healthcare reforms aimed at achieving universal healthcare for all. However they have failed to put appropriate infrastructure that can see the transition and effectiveness of these reforms. Gail reed in Ted talk suggests that there are many graduate in medical filed who are not practising medicine in the public sector because governments have not made the public sector better for the doctor to work. Many doctors find it difficult to work in the public sector despite the fact that it is the place where poor people get treated. Statistics show that half the numbers of graduates are in the public sector, a quarter in the private sector and the remaining quarter while the rest work abroad.
Cuba is one of the countries that have the best training for the doctors in the whole word. Training for a duct in Cuba is based on using minimal resources to achieve results. In Cuba the training has moved from the ivory tower to rural villages where community based learning takes place. Students treat the whole course differently relating it to the mind and body in the context of their families and culture. Majority of the doctors are in the public sector with initiatives in improving the public through prevention of diseases. Further graduate doctors share their knowledge with nurses rather than replacing them, where nurses also become aware of the whole medical process. To improve the society, doctors need to be accommodated in society through being given a chance to practice their skills. Governments have to support the doctor through providing infrastructure that can improve society.
Protecting the Ocean
The world is suffering from drastic ecological challenges that are as a result of activities that human beings engage in. this activities generate a lot of wastes that end up in the oceans and threaten the only ecological zone that exists. Adrian Midwood argues that people have to take steps to make change in the world today or sit here and regret not having taken a step. Adrian Midwood has come up with a small company aimed at providing ocean certified activities that protect the ocean. They create jobs through cleaning up the ocean and islands by ensuring that plastics are separated from entering the ocean. Through the company they have involved the community by creating solidified acid clothing that enables achieving 85% less energy efficiencies, 60% less sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere and 90% less water.
The world uses plastics as a major packaging elements which are disposed off into the atmosphere and ending up in oceans. This plastics cannot decompose and thus when they reach the ocean, they will stay there forever. Many businesses have not taken up the initiative of a plastic free environment but rather massively participating in plastic pollution. This threat however can be controlled through proper disposals and recycling of the materials. Midwood has started the company that not only recycles plastics but also creates awareness on how the population should approach the pollution issues. Therefore the world has to take steps that will ensure that people are able to take the choices they want that will change the world and explore the way that can be used to protect the environment.
Globalization and Changing of Boundaries
The world state boundaries began with 50 countries before territories were established to create over 200coutries that exist. Today countries have grouped themselves in regions that are used to define strategic benefits. Europe has developed the EU which ensures that countries that fall within Europe are enjoying privileges like the Euro and free markets within the region. Therefore borders in countries are being used as an advantage based on the resources that a country has. Countries that have oil and major minerals protect their boundaries to ensure the resources remain in the country.
Today the borders that exist in the word mean nothing due to globalization. Borders are based on distribution geography. However, religion, culture, resources and technology interact to shape the world. Globalization is a force that has led to trans-planetary connections between countries and regions of the worlds. Jan Aart Scholte argues that the state has lost its territorial boundary due to increased globalization with nations answering to responsibilities that are beyond their territories. Countries that are dominating the world today like China, Pakistan exist because of the resources that exist within the country.
Today countries are identifying themselves with regions depending n what they want to achieve. Europe Is putting its money where its mouth is and thus countries that are in the EU are there because of the economic benefits that they derive from the EU. However, countries like Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Russia are not part of the EU but part of the sphere within force. They are using regional advantages like the Euro to transact only. Therefore borders are going to change and new countries born. Asia is one of the areas that this will start. Rebels in Pakistan and Afghanistan can change the region and lead to a new country that will control resources. In Africa Sudan has three wars that may change the country and lead into three countries. In the arctic sea bed circle there is a race for green energy between Canada, Russia, USA, and Greenland. Therefore geopolitics will change the world since the world defines the changes to achieve equilibrium. Therefore focussing on cross borders changes and infrastructure lines will change the world and form new lines that will lead to development of new countries. Therefore globalization has defined the world and made territorial boundaries unnecessary for the world. Countries and regions are splitting and forming global boundaries that are based on resources that exist within the territories. This means that more countries are going to develop with the fight for resources and the need to control interests in the world.
Almurabit, Alaa. What my religion says about women. Prod. Tedwomen. may 2015. retrived from https://www.ted.com/talks/alaa_murabit_what_my_religion_really_says_about_women
Arvanitakis, James. Sociologic Analysing Everyday Life and Culture. London: Oxfrd university press, 2015.
Khanna, Parag. Mapping the future of countries. 2016. retrived from https://www.ted.com/talks/parag_khanna_maps_the_future_of_countries
Midwood, Adrian. "Beyond the Coastlines." you tube. 2015. retrived from https://youtu.be/Nvw0reB1gpI
Reed, Gail. Where to train the world's doctors in Cuba. 2016. retrived from https://www.ted.com/talks/gail_reed_where_to_train_the_world_s_doctors_cuba