$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Cultural Communication And Intercultural Contact System

tag 0 Download17 Pages 4,037 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT


Discuss about the Cultural Communication and Intercultural Contact System.



Whether an individual notices or not, at some stage of their life, they negotiate, and this makes every person a negotiator. Negotiation can be stated as an obvious aspect of the life of every individual, whether the same is about negotiating with different consumers, so that they can attain the services or products being offered, or negotiating the rent of an apartment, negotiation is such an aspect, which is commonly found in the daily lives of people (Salacuse, 2013, p. 3). And whilst the same is present at such a common level, its significance can be noticed when the Management negotiations are carried on at crucial levels, for instance, a negotiation between a member of the United States with that of a member of United Nations, for an adoption or any other aspect of the guidelines provided by the United Nation. An effective negotiation can make the entire case, and an ineffective one, can ruin the entire matter (Benoliel, 2014, p. 197).

Lewicki et al (2011) stated that negotiation cannot be deemed as a process which is simply reserved for the ardent advocate for an organized lobby, skilled diplomat or top salesperson. Instead, he stated that negotiation is something, which is carried on in a daily manner by everyone. However, this statement raises a question on whether the negotiation skills are same at each and every place? Or whether with the level of sophistication or the intricacy of matter, the negotiations change? In the following parts, a discussion has been carried on to critically evaluate this very statement made by Lewicki. This has been done to establish, that even though, every aspect of life is covered with negotiations, the level of negotiation skills are changed with the circumstances of a particular case. However, before the same can be done, the very basic meaning of negotiation has been clarified.

What is Negotiation?

Negotiation can be defined as such a process whereby two or more than two parties communicate with each other, where each of the parties has their own goal. These communications present the respective perspective of each party and depict their interests. And ultimately, through compromises and concessions, an agreement is reached between the parties and a decision is made. This entire process is known as negotiation (Chaturvedi, 2011, p. 200). So, under negotiations, an agreement is attained which best suits the aims and objectives of both the parties, where both the parties lose some points and gain some, in a mutually beneficial way. It can also be stated as a manner of reaching a solution to the problem between two or more disputants (Dwyer, 2012, p. 83). And until the dispute remains unresolved, the negotiation process cannot come to an end.

The process of negotiation can better be explained with the help of an example. Suppose two individual want to have the container full of rare and precious mangos for themselves, but they do not want to use the method of violence to reach a decision. In such situation, these two individuals would open up a communications channel between them and reach the terms which best suit them. This could be a 50-50 distribution of the mangos, or any other arrangement, which they both agree upon in a mutually non-violent manner. So, negotiations are the more civilized manner of resolving a matter. By adopting this process the common interest of the parties are achieved in the most fruitful manner. And as the interests are mutually decided upon, long term relationships are attained through effective negotiation process. Negotiations not only help in resolving an issue, but also in reaching a beneficial agreement without the presence of a dispute (Fells, 2009, p. 4).


There are four kinds of negotiations and it is essential to determine the suitable form of negotiation, as each of them requires a different strategy.

Descriptive Negotiation- this form of negotiation is also known as Management competitive or claiming value approach, which states that one party can win at the expense of the other party. The significant concern related to this approach is that both the parties aim at maximizing their respective interests. This form of approach requires a person to obtain advantage through concealing information or by using manipulative and misleading conduct to obtain information regarding the concealed information. The negotiator must influence the beliefs of the other person and obtain information about the person.

Lose-lose Approach- this negotiation approach is adopted when one of the partners believe that his own interests are threatened, he ensures that the consequence of the negotiation is not suitable to the other party as well. Therefore, in this approach, both the parties end up as losers at the end of negotiation. Hence, it is the most undesirable negotiation approach.

Compromise Approach- This form of approach aims at improving the outcome of the lose-lose strategy. This form requires both the parties to compromise and convince each other and settle down for a common solution that would enable both the parties to achieve their own respective interests or objectives.

Integrative Approach- this form of approach is also called creative value or collaborative approach and is deemed superior to all other forms of negotiation approaches. This approach makes both the parties believe that they are capable of attaining their respective interests. The major concern of this approach is to maximize joint outcomes and the most appropriate strategies include cooperation, sharing information and mutual problem-solving objectives. This negotiation approach is the most desirable approach.

Stages of Negotiations

Broadly, there are four phases of negotiations, i.e., the pre-negotiations phase, conceptualization, settling the details, and finally, the follow up. For the pre-negotiations stage a degree of preparation is needed before the negotiations actually begin. In this, the reasons for negotiating are determined firstly and then the specifics of the matter on which negotiations have to take place are decided. At this stage, as much as is possible, the information is collected and on the basis of this information, a picture is painted for the contentions which can be made by the other side, so that their goals, needs and motivations can be assessed. The next stage in the negotiation process relates to the conceptualization, where the foundation of the agreement is developed so that the issues are framed in a manner that even the most intricate details are considered. At this stage, the goals and objectives of each of the phase is defined through fact finding (Negotiations, 2017).

Once these two stages have been effectively undertaken, the next step in the negotiation process is to set out the details. This is the stage where the agreement is completed and in this stage, the details of venture are completed. The problems which can be faced in the partnership, on the basis of reality are discussed so that the agreement can be workable, and viable. This is not easy as it sounds as the setting of details in a correct and meticulous manner is crucial. Often the negotiations collapse due to the failure of the parties in devoting the time and efforts in chalking out the details in an effective manner. The last stage is the follow up stage, where the problems are identified and at times, the contract is re-negotiated. Just signing of dotted line is not sufficient to finish negotiations, and a careful analysis of adherence to each and every aspect is crucial. Only when all these steps are properly undertaken, can a negotiation process end (Crump, 2007).


Linkage Theory and Negotiations

As per Crump (2007), linkage theory can be defined as the manner in which the negotiations influence or the manner in which determines the outcome or the process of the other. This theory helps in gaining an effective insight over the relationship between the negotiation, and the pertinent environment. A single negotiation has the power of different outcomes and for these outcomes, a number of different explanations can be provided, depending upon the variables. The environment in which the negotiations take place plays a key role in the process of negotiations. The environmental factors have the power of advancing, halting, supporting and even suspending the negotiations. And this relationship between the environment and the negotiations outcome is explained through the linkage theory (Maggi, 2016).

Negotiations are quite hard to start, and even more difficult to maintain, as well as, conclude. Hence, linking the process of negotiations to something with momentum is of high importance and is a technique that has utility. For understanding the relationship between the particular negotiation and its relevant environment, the negotiation linkage process to be a useful conceptual tool. The EU-Mercosure or the NAFTA negotiations did not take place on their own and they did not initiate the EU-Chile and US-Chile negotiations on their own too, respectively. However, each one of them played a crucial role in this process (Devereaux, Lawrence and Watkins, 2006).

State of affairs can be designed or may evolve in particular environment, which results in creating of an action, which forces events like the deadlines (Watkins, 1998). However, the state of affairs also has the power of obstructing the negotiations process, through the issue linkage (Tollison and Willett, 1979). Hence, linkages can be deemed as the most effective in initiating and finishing the stages of negotiations. This is because this is the place where the opportunities are created initially, and are secured finally. Though, the linkage challenges and opportunities can be observed throughout the process of negotiations.

BATNA refers to Best Alternative To a Management Negotiated Agreement, which was a term given in 1981 by Roger Fisher and William Ury, in their bestseller book. BATNAs are considered as critical tool for negotiation as it is believed that a wise decision with regards to a negotiation agreement cannot be made till such time, when the people involved in the negotiations are aware about the possible alternatives (Spangler, 2012). BATNA reveals such an alternative course of action which is the most advantageous for a party, in case where an agreement cannot be reached or where the negotiations fail. A successful negotiator knows that they are the driving force behind their success. BATNAs allow the parties to avoid such agreements which are worse for them, where these alternatives are available. However, it becomes crucial to make certain that the deal has been valued in a proper manner, after considering all the facts like toe likelihood of other party to undertake their side of bargain, and the value of relationship and time (Brett, 2007).

Instead of viewing these as a safety net, the negotiators view BATNA as a point of leverage in the negotiations. For BATNA to be adopted, it has to be actionable and real, and due to the lack of these being actionable in reality, the parties often do not invest in BATNA. A successful negotiator needs to be aware about the manner in which BATNA has to be used, along with the techniques which could give best results under this. So, on one hand the soft style may be used for avoiding the conflict or for compromising, and on the other hand, an aggressive and threatening technique representing a hard negotiation style can be adopted (Barsky, 2017).

Three suggestive had been given by the authors in their bestselling book to denote the manner in which BATNA could be accomplished. The first one was related to the invention of a list of actions, which could be taken by an individual, in case an agreement is not attained. The second one was related to the conversion of promising ideas into partial or tangible alternatives. And the last suggestion was related to the selection of the best sounding alternative. The culture also plays a significant role in the negotiation process and under BATNA, which has been discussed in the upcoming section.


Negotiation Skills: Same Everywhere?

The statement made by Lewicki et al (2011) denoted the presence of negotiations at every stage of life. And this is very true, as demonstrated from the examples put forward earlier. However, the negotiations skills are changed widely due to the scenario in which they take place, or the level of the matter for which they are used. In the international business, negotiations are a common parlance. The parties who are involved in negotiations have to face a lot of difficulties in attaining the desired outcome. One of the problems which crops up while the negotiations are carried on international level relates to the difference in cultural backgrounds (Chang, 2006).

Culture is a set of values and beliefs. And this forms the basis for the perceptions, behavior, expectations, assumptions and the values in the people (Javidan and House, (2001). By effectively perceiving these differences, based on the particular cases, the negotiators can effectively close a deal. When the international business takes place, the culture of the different nations, acts as a contributory factor in the intricacies of negotiation process. The representatives of international business closely analyze the properties, differences and the traditions which are followed in the nations, with which they prepare to form business transactions or partnerships (Peleckis, 2013).

For this purpose the analysis of cultural dimensions, the cultural differences proves very helpful as it helps in conveying the critical incompatibilities which are present amongst the parties. And in this regard, the Hofstede's cultural dimensions’ analysis is used as it helps in designing the international business negotiation process as the same conveys the difference between the various dimensions in a culture of the negotiating parties (Hofstede, Hofstede and Minkov, 2010). At the international level, the negotiations are faced with a range of differences in the cultures, the power placement, and the emotional differences between the parties, a long-term attitude towards communications, and the various other uncertainties (Peleckis, 2013).  

The intercultural differences dimensions have the power of influencing the negotiation process amongst the different cultures’ representatives. There can be a presence of different understanding to the actions or symbols in different cultures. Hence, it becomes crucial to initiate the business negotiations at the international level when all the requisites have been gathered and properly acquainted with the cultural features. In case, such is not possible, a mediator, who is an expert in the culture of a particular nation, could be taken help of (Peleckis, 2013). For instance, the swastika sign is considered as a sign of religion in India and the same is also a symbol used by the Nazi Party (Voorst, 2014, p. 66; Issitt and Main, 2014). So, if this symbol is criticized in front of a Hindu, them the same could prove fatal for the negotiations taking place in front of a Hindu in India. And the same may prove as helpful in case of dealings with a German national.

The case study which was carried out between one global Dutch company and two of its local subsidiaries located in Korea and Japan revealed the complexity of the negotiations between the subsidiaries and their head office. In this case, the barrier of culture was coupled with the lack of cultural awareness. And along with these issues, the influencers between the two parties, the organization, the relationship and the atmosphere also contributed towards the complexities in negotiations. The last part affirms the role of linkage theory in negotiations (Fjellström, 2005).

In this study, it was held that the culture was of utmost important for the cross Management cultural negotiation with the head office of the subsidiary. And this very cultural gap reaffirms the need of negotiations. These negotiations help the parties in understanding the manner in which they communicate and ultimately understand each other. It was also held that the organization also had the power to influence the negotiations. The culture of the organization was deemed as important for the subsidiaries in other nations, so that they could strive and work for the same organization as their main drive. But, the difficulty in attaining a strong organizational culture, which is over the national culture, remains a barrier (Fjellström, 2005).

The international business relationships’ success is dependent upon the effective business negotiations. And this is the reason why the negotiators have to be properly prepared. By understanding the manner in which the desired outcomes can be attained, along with the factors which are relevant to this entire process, helps the negotiator in being more successful. The negotiation process and the outcomes, as are perceived by the International and Thai business negotiations, with regards to the cross-cultural international business negations were analyzed through a study conducted in Thailand. A questionnaire was used in this regard, which focused upon the positive retrospective negotiations experience and this was sent across too the executives who were working in Thailand (Numprasertchai and Swierczek, 2006).

The result of this questionnaire highlighted the significance of the successful cross-cultural negotiators in the performance, as well as in the future-oriented prospects. This study also highlighted that protocol and tactics do not have much emphasis in successful experiences. Instead, the relationship orientation and information focus act as the key factors in defining the success in both the international and the Thai negotiators. It was also established in this study that the emphasis over the specific time orientation is significantly more for the international business negotiators in comparison to the Thai counterparts (Numprasertchai and Swierczek, 2006).

The emphasis of culture can most commonly be noticed in the Chinese reference. For a negotiation to be successful in China, the same has to be conducted in a manner which can be deemed as acceptable in China and to the Chinese people. For doing this, a successful negotiator needs to know the ways to influence the side of Chinese and the awareness regarding their cultural dynamics. The European negotiators are required to have the awareness regarding the prevalent negotiation characteristics of patience, Guanxi network, ambiguity, status, friendship, trust and face. This is crucial for avoiding the misunderstandings or tensions, which can otherwise be brought forward while dealing with the people of the nation (Woo and Prud'homme, 1999).

The negotiations in China are never an easy task. The people departing for China, especially the European business people, are most commonly advised that they need to be polite as the Chinese people value good relationships and harmony. Even though these warnings are given, when these individuals reach China, and initiate the negotiations, they have to face the fierce adversarial bargaining, which lacks the politeness, as well as, the considerations which the European negotiators expected (Blackman, 1997). Further, it is often noted that the Chinese negotiators are not only shrewd but also experienced in the art of effectively using the timing and of psychology (Gordon, 1986). This highlights the success on part of the Chinese negotiators and the lack of experience on part of the too cautious European business negotiators.


It has been argued that it is crucial to have a relationship between cultural knowledge and the communication skills (McCall and Warrington, 1989). Though, negotiations are not merely a sole skill or a combination of skills. Broadly, negotiation is such a process which occurs in a specific context. For instance, a negotiator, in every scenario needs to have good communication skills, along with the knowledge of stating their points with precision; this is a common skill. However, when negotiations are done with Chinese people, their perception of justice, their customs and their philosophy is to be kept in mind while negotiating; and this brings forward a specific skill set (Wong-Scollon, and Scollon, 1990).


Negotiations are a manner of resolving the conflicts which take place between two or more parties and is even helpful in cases where a matter has to be decided upon, in absence of a dispute. From the above discussion, it can be concluded that for the success of negotiations process, merely the knowledge of business is not sufficient and instead, a good grasp over the difference in cultural backgrounds of the individual has to be understood. BATNA is one of the alternatives which can be used as an alternative to the negotiations; though, a lot of skill is needed to undertake this technique.

The linkage theory proves as helpful in cases of negotiations as it helps in understanding the impact of the environment or the atmosphere over the negotiations. This theory helps in ascertaining the challenges and opportunities which a negotiator has in a particular scenario, which allows the negotiators to make the most of it. The discussion also highlighted the manner in which the cross cultural differences play a major role in negotiations process. The example of the Chinese negotiators has highlighted the reason for their success; they have formed a perception of being polite and harmony. To conclude, even though negotiations are present in every sphere of life, in the international business context, they become very complex and definitely are not the same everywhere.



Anglin, A. (2014) Happy Birthday, Adolf. Daily Stormer. [Online] Available from: [Accessed on: 17/05/17]

Barsky, A.E. (2017) Conflict Resolution for the Helping Professions: Negotiation, Mediation, Advocacy, Facilitation, and Restorative Justice. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Benoliel, M. (2014) Negotiation Excellence: Successful Deal Making. 2nd ed. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd.

Blackman, C. (1997) Negotiating China: Case Studies and Strategies. St Leonards: Allen & Unwin Pty Ltd.

Brett, J.M. (2007) Negotiating Globally: How to Negotiate Deals, Resolve Disputes, and Make Decisions Across Cultural Boundaries. 2nd ed. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.

Chang, L.C. (2006) Differences in Business Negotiations between Different Cultures. The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, 2(2), pp. 135-140.

Chaturvedi, P.D. (2011) Business Communication: Concepts, Cases, and Applications. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Pearson.

Crump, L. (2007) A temporal model of negotiation linkage dynamics. Negotiation Journal, 23 (2), pp. 117-153.

Devereaux, C., Lawrence R.Z., and Watkins M.D. (2006) Case Studies in US Trade Negotiation: Making the Rules. Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.

Dwyer, J. (2012) Communication for Business and the Professions: Strategies and Skills. 5th ed. NSW: Pearson Australia.

Fells, R. (2009) Effective Negotiation: From Research to Results. Victoria: Cambridge University Press.

Fisher, D., and Ury, W. (2012) Getting to Yes: Negotiating an agreement without giving in. New York: Random House.

Fjellström, D. (2005) International Business Negotiations: Factors that influence the negotiation in head office subsidiary relationship in Japan and Korea: A case study of Philips. Diva. [Online] Available from: [Accessed on: 17/05/17]

Gordon, T.D. (1986) China. Hong Kong: Euromoney Publications.

Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G.J., and Minkov, M. (2010) Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. 3rd ed. USA: McGraw-Hill.

Issitt, M.E., and Main, C. (2014) Hidden Religion: The Greatest Mysteries and Symbols of the World's Religious Beliefs: The Greatest Mysteries and Symbols of the World’s Religious Beliefs. California: ABC-CLIO.

Javidan, M., and House, R. J. (2001) Cultural acumen for the global manager: Lessons from Project GLOBE. Organizational Dynamics, 29(4), pp. 289–305.

Lewicki, R., Saunders, D. and Barry, B. (2011) Essentials of Negotiation. 5th ed. London: McGraw Hill.

Maggi, G. (2016) Issue Linkage. Yale University. [Online] Available from: [Accessed on: 17/05/17]

McCall, J. and Warrington, M. (1989) Marketing by Agreement: A Cross-cultural Approach to Business Negotiations. 2nd ed. Chichester: Avon Wiley.

Negotiations. (2017) The Four Phases of The Negotiation Process. Negotiations. [Online] Available from: [Accessed on: 01/06/17]

Numprasertchai, H.P., and Swierczek, F.W. (2006) Dimensions of Success in International Business Negotiations: A Comparative Study of Thai and International Business Negotiators. Journal of Intercultural Communication. 11. Available from:

Peleckis, K. (2013) International Business Negotiations: Culture, Dimensions, Context. International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology, 3(7), pp. 91- 99.

Salacuse, J. (2013) Negotiating Life: Secrets for Everyday Diplomacy and Deal Making. New York: Plagrave Macmillan.

Spangler, B. (2012) Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement (BATNA). Beyond Intractability. [Online] Available from: [Accessed on: 01/06/17]

Tollison, R.D., and Willett, T.D. (1979) An economic theory of mutually advantageous issue linkages in international negotiations. International Organization, 33 (4), pp. 425-449.

Voorst, R.E.V. (2014) RELG: World. 2nd ed. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

Watkins, M. (1998) Building momentum in negotiations: Time-related costs and action forcing events. Negotiation Journal, 14 (3), pp. 241-256.

Wong-Scollon, S. and Scollon, R. (1990) ``Athabaskan-English interactive communication'', in Carbaugh, D. (Ed.) Cultural Communication and Intercultural Contact. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

Woo, H.S., and Prud'homme, C. (1999) Cultural characteristic prevalent in the Chinese negotiation process. European Business Review, 99(5),  pp. 313-322.


Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Cultural Communication And Intercultural Contact System. Retrieved from

"Cultural Communication And Intercultural Contact System." My Assignment Help, 2018,

My Assignment Help (2018) Cultural Communication And Intercultural Contact System [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 04 April 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Cultural Communication And Intercultural Contact System' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <> accessed 04 April 2020.

My Assignment Help. Cultural Communication And Intercultural Contact System [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 04 April 2020]. Available from: is one of the noted service providers that deliver essay help. We provide tailored essay assistance to make sure that student gets online essay help exactly in the way they want it to be written. We at have built teams of consultants, who readily attend every query related to help me writing my essay. We provide essay writing help in forms of tips and steps in order o assist students with tough essay assignments.

Latest Management Samples

BSBMKG608 Marketing For Financial Management Technique And Ratio Analysis

Download : 0 | Pages : 18
  • Course Code: BSBMKG608
  • University: Australis Institute Of Technology And Education
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction This report is designed with the aim of generating secondary knowledge about different terminologies and concepts related to marketing management. A&A Coffee is the case organization that is selected in this report for ensuring practical relevance of the findings of this report. Assessment Activity 1 Question 1 Financial Management Technique Description Example Ratio Analysis Ratio a...

Read More arrow

BSBMKG608 Marketing For Financial Management Technique And Ratio Analysis

Download : 0 | Pages : 18
  • Course Code: BSBMKG608
  • University: Australis Institute Of Technology And Education
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction This report is designed with the aim of generating secondary knowledge about different terminologies and concepts related to marketing management. A&A Coffee is the case organization that is selected in this report for ensuring practical relevance of the findings of this report. Assessment Activity 1 Question 1 Financial Management Technique Description Example Ratio Analysis Ratio a...

Read More arrow

CBE6381 Report On Analysis Of The Financial Reports For Profitability Ratio

Download : 0 | Pages : 19

Answer: Introduction Airline industry is an ever changing industry in the world. Market change, Globalization, new technology has given wings to this industry. The airline industry is protected by many national and international agreement and policies.The airline industry is a very competitive market where cost and comfort are always balanced for higher revenue and customer satisfaction. The market is also very cost sensitive due to the surge...

Read More arrow

HR9683 Business Management For Mintzberg Theory Of Organizational Structure

Download : 0 | Pages : 15
  • Course Code: HR9683
  • University: Victoria University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction The aim of this assignment is to discuss about the importance and effectiveness of the leadership in dealing with different contemporary issues. In the current business scenario, there are number of strategic issues being faced by the business leaders and these issues are having the requirement for effective management (Gerasimov & Gerasimov, 2015). In this assignment, different models and theories will be used to und...

Read More arrow Tags: Mongolia Ulan Bator Management ENGLISH University of Ulan Bator 

CX551001 Bachelor Of Applied Management For Consumer Protection Legislation

Download : 0 | Pages : 11
  • Course Code: CX551001
  • University: Otago Polytechnic
  • Country: New Zealand

Answer: Question 1 Part A The Sale of goods Act 1908 is defined as a contract wherein the seller agrees to the transfer of goods to the purchaser for the consideration of money known as price. The purpose of the Sale of Goods Act is to offer default rules for the responsibilities and remedies for parties to the contract (ADLS, 2018). Part B 1) This is a contract of sales of goods because the seller made an agreement to transfer the property ...

Read More arrow

Save Time & improve Grades

Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

440 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Jack Arens


London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

3076 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emily Wei

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Civil Engineering

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

453 Order Completed

98% Response Time

Howard Asuncion

LLM in Criminal Law

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

529 Order Completed

95% Response Time

Ivan Blank

PhD in Functional Human Biology

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Excellent head start for a larger paper that I need to do. Thank you very much for your assistance.


User Id: 378357 - 04 Apr 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

The writeup was good. i would definitely use this my assignment and recommend it to my friends


User Id: 312602 - 04 Apr 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

very good, help me get a great grade, very quick response and detailed answers! I would highly recommended to another student


User Id: 379221 - 04 Apr 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Absolutely awesome !!! You guys are great !!! I will be using your services for the rest of my semester and will recommend to my friends!!


User Id: 397789 - 04 Apr 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?