country
$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Culture Affects The Performance

tag 0 Download11 Pages / 2,743 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT

Question :

1. How Culture Affects the Performance of International Managers ?
 
 

Answer :

Introduction

Key research questions

The topic of this research proposal is to find out the impact of culture on the performance of international managers. Major research questions for this research work are given below:

  • What are the dimensions of organizational culture that affect the business performance?
  • How performance of international managers can be analyzed?
  • What is the linkage between culture and performance of international managers?
  • How cultural dimensions of an organization can be improved so that international managers can enhance their performance?

Specific research objectives

The aim of this research work is assess the impact of cultures on the performance of international managers. Objectives for this research work are given below:

  • To analyze the dimensions of organizational culture that can affect the business performance.
  • To evaluate the performance of international managers.
  • To examine the between culture and performance of international managers
  • To provide some recommendations to improve cultural dimensions of an organization so that international managers can enhance their performance
 

Rationale of the research

Performance of international managers plays a significant role to improve sustainability of a business in international market on the basis of effectiveness. Biddle and Swee (2012) stated that, it is the role of international managers to improve productivity of an organization and enhance commitment level of employees. International managers help to clarify the norms, values and objectives of the organization depending on the organizational culture (Banks 2015). Development of a strong organizational culture can help to enhance the performance level of employees and their productivity as well. 

Blowers (2014) stated that employee performance is considered as the backbone of a company. It is the major responsibility of international managers to improve their performance. However, in international market, managers have to deal with employees, who have different thoughts, cultures values and beliefs. Hence, most of the cases conflict arises in the workplace. Bain et al. (2012) mentioned that, it is the responsibility of international managers, to deal with all these conflicts effectively and efficiently. Dealing with all these cultural issues and influencing employees to work as a team can improve productivity and vice versa. Hence, in this research work, the impact of culture on the performance of international mangers has been discussed. 

The concept of culture in organizational perspectives 

According to Banks (2015), culture can be distinct as the mixture of belief, set of values, communications and the behavioral explanation that offers guidance to people. Atchley et al. (2014) mentioned that, culture is the cognitive system that can help to improve decision making and thinking of people within a company. In case of organization, these values and beliefs have significant impact on the sustainability of performance. It can also help to improve sustainability of an organization. Different types of culture have been mentioned below:

Subculture

According to Brown (2012), sub cultures can be defined as the segment of organizations that have different set of values, beliefs and norms based on department goals, job requirements and geographical areas. It has been found that employee commitment towards an organization depends upon employee participation. Blowers (2014) stated that, sub culture of employees have impact on their participation level.  

Strong culture

Blowers (2014) stated that, the types of beliefs and values that workers hold in a culture is considered as strong. In the context of an organization, a culture is considered strong, when the staffs hold grater part of culture. It is the responsibility of international managers to develop procedures, policies and objectives that can influence employee behaviour and help to gain competitive advantage. 

Weak culture  

Brown (2012) argued that loosely knit organizational culture, can push the thoughts, beliefs and attitudes of employees and help them to become more innovative. For this reason, managing the increasing needs to cultural management has become an important and valuable asset for a company.  

 

Dimension of organizational culture

Professor Greet Hofstede had developed a study to analyze how the values and beliefs in a workplace is affected by the culture. Doris et al. (2015) stated that, culture can be considered as the collective programming that can distinguish a set or group of people from others. There are six major dimensions of culture can be found from Greet Hofstede model. They are such as Power Distance Index (PDI), individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long term orientation and indulgence.  PDI indicates the degree of equality of power distribution among people. On the other hand, individualism indicates the preference of people for a loosely knit framework of the society. In this type of social framework people only take care of themselves and their close family members.  On the contrary, Ferraro and Brody (2015) stated that masculinity is considered as the preference of people for achievement, success, rewards and heroism. Femininity is the opposite of masculinity. Quality of life, cooperation, caring and modesty is considered as femininity.

Bain et al. (2012) mentioned that uncertainty avoidance is the dimension of culture that helps to determine the comfort level of people with ambiguity and uncertainty. In order to discuss about the cultural dimension named long term orientation, Greet Hofstede stated that every society had to keep a link with its past, while dealing with the challenges of present and thinking about future. Ferraro and Brody (2015) stated that, culture that scores low in this dimension like to have time-honored tradition. According to Bain et al. (2012), indulgence is considered as the cultural dimension related with having fun in work and enjoying life. Greet Hofstede’s cultural dimension has been described below:  

                                                            Figure 1: Greet Hofstede’s model of cultural dimension

                                                                       (Source: Geert-hofstede 2016)

Roles and responsibilities of international managers

Li et al. (2016) stated that due to global competition, companies are forced to change their management strategy at home and abroad. There are various factors like high speed communication, shorter product cycle, rate of change and technical advancements have contribution towards the change. Koopmann-Holm and Tsai (2014) mentioned that, organizational structure has to be flexible so that an organization can adopt the changing market condition. Bain et al. (2012) argued that, although international managers have to perform the same functions like domestic managers, they have to adjust to more variables and different environment. There are four major roles and responsibilities of international mangers can be found. They are such as:

  • Planning

Li et al. (2016) mentioned that, the first step of international planning is to decide how to conduct business in the global market. It is the major role of international managers to set aims and objectives for international activities. They have to observe the environment very closely. It includes factors such as cultural barriers, political instability, currency rate fluctuations and trademark protection. 

  • Organizing

It is the major responsibility of international managers is to make sure that the planning of the company fits with the culture of the host country. Li et al. (2016) stated that, they have to organize international business in such a way that that can adopt environmental and cultural barriers. They have to change the structure of the organization in three major stages (Liu et al. 2013). They are such as pre-international stage, international division stage and global structure stage. 

  • Staffing

According to Marsh et al. (2015), hiring a good employee is crucial to the success of any organization. For this reason, hiring qualified employees and development of employees have to be done carefully. The international managers have to be familiar with the labor laws of the host country. Depending on the cultural difference with the host country, the international managers have to decide whether to hire employees from local workforce or to transfer home-base personnel.  

 
  • Directing

Atchley et al. (2014) stated that, cultural differences between the origin country and the host country, makes the directing role more challenging for the international managers. They have to understand that attitude of employees towards job and their problem solving skills differ from country to country. In addition, language barriers in the host countries can make the communication more difficult. In to minimize the cultural barriers, international mangers have to take training related with cross-cultural management. Atchley et al. (2014) mentioned that, cross-cultural management can help managers to develop effective interaction with people coming from different cultures and respect diversity.     

  • Controlling

Marsh et al. (2015) stated that, language barriers, geographic dispersion and distance and legal constraints in the host country can affect the controlling functions of international managers. For instance, in many countries, holidays, pensions are legally mandated by legal bodies of a country. Bernard (2012) stated that, in many countries all the aspects are considered as the legal rights of employees. In many part of the world, there many powerful employee unions exist. According to Atchley et al. (2014), demands of these labor unions restrict the controlling ability of international managers. It has affected their overall performance severely.

Conceptual framework  

                                                                                     Figure 2: Conceptual framework

                                                                                        (Source: created by author)

Research methodology

Outline of this research work consists of descriptive research purpose, deductive approach along with post positivism research philosophy. In order to conduct this research work, both primary data and secondary will be collected. In order gather primary data, an interview will be conducted with 5 international mangers working in the country Jordon (qualitative data). On the contrary, secondary data can be collected from a range of updated journals, websites, books and various research articles. 

Bernard (2012) mentioned that, research philosophy provides the required knowledge and dimension required for a specific research study. It provides the fundamental facts, concepts and models required to conduct a study in appropriate manner. There are various catagories of research philosophies can be utilized to conduct a research work. They are like positivism, realism and post- positivism philosophy. In order to conduct this research work, post-positivism philosophy will be used. Bryman and Bell (2012) mentioned that, post positivism philosophy helps to examine the validity of the particular data gathered from a specific research work depending on previous research works. This philosophy will help to complete this research work with the help of cross checked and real data and fact.  

 


There are primarily two categories of research approaches can be utilized to conduct a research work in appropriate manner. They are like deductive approach and inductive approach. Bernard (2012) mentioned that, deductive approach can help to inspect the previous models and theories associate with a specific research topic. On the contrary, Bryman and Bell (2012) mentioned that inductive research approach helps to develop new theories and models related with a specific research topic. In order to develop this specific research study, deductive research approach has been chosen. It will help to develop this research work with the help of existing theories and models related with this topic. As there is not ample time to develop new models or theories related with this research topic, inductive research approach is not suitable for this research work.

According to Bryman and Bell (2012), there are mostly three categories of research purposes can be utilized to conduct a research study. They are like descriptive research purpose, exploratory research purpose and explanatory research purpose. In order to develop this research study in appropriate manner, descriptive research purpose has been chosen as it will help to develop this research work with detail information related with the research topic.

Cooper and Schindler (2012) mentioned that, there are primarily two categories of data can be collected in order to conduct a research study. They are like primary and secondary data. It has been fund that primary data can be gathered with the help of surveys and interviews. Burns et al. (2013) mentioned that, there are two kinds of primary data can be gathered. They are like quantitative data and qualitative data. It has been found that, quantitative data can be gathered with the help of survey. On the other hand, qualitative data can be gathered with the help of interviews. Secondary data can be collected from various updated journals, articles and books. In order to conduct this research study in appropriate manner, qualitative primary data will be collected by conducting an interview with 5 international managers working in Jordon. In addition, secondary data will be collected from various updated journals and articles related with the topic of the research.

 

Reference list

Atchley, P., Shi, J. and Yamamoto, T., 2014. Cultural foundations of safety culture: A comparison of traffic safety culture in China, Japan and the United States. Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour, 26, pp.317-325.

Bain, P., Vaes, J., Kashima, Y., Haslam, N. and Guan, Y., 2012. Folk conceptions of humanness beliefs about distinctive and core human characteristics in Australia, Italy, and China. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43(1), pp.53-58.

Banks, J.A., 2015. Cultural diversity and education. Routledge.

Bernard, H. R. 2012 Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 5th ed. Plymouth: Alta Mira Press.

Biddle, N. and Swee, H., 2012. The relationship between wellbeing and Indigenous land, language and culture in Australia. Australian Geographer, 43(3), pp.215-232.

Blowers, G., 2014. Gone with the west wind: the emergence and disappearance of psychotherapeutic culture in China, 1936–68. Psychiatry and Chinese history.

Brown, A.J., 2012. Measuring the mysteries of federal political culture in Australia. Tomorrow’s federation: Reforming Australian government, ed. Paul Kildea, Andrew Lynch, and George Williams, 310.

Bryman, A. and Bell, E. 2012 Business Research Methodology. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Burns, R. B., Burns, R. and Burns, R. P. 2013 Business Research Methods and Statistics Using SPSS, 3rd. ed. London: Sage Publications.

Cooper, D. and Schindler, P. S. 2012 Business Research Methods, 11th ed. London: McGra-Hill.

Doris, E., Shekriladze, I., Javakhishvili, N., Jones, R., Treasure, J. and Tchanturia, K., 2015. Is cultural change associated with eating disorders? A systematic review of the literature. Eating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 20(2), pp.149-160.

Ferraro, G. and Brody, E.K., 2015. Cultural Dimension of Global Business. Routledge

Geert-hofstede, 2016. [online] Geert-hofstede.com. Available at: https://geert-hofstede.com/ [Accessed 16 Dec. 2016].

Koopmann-Holm, B. and Tsai, J.L., 2014. Focusing on the negative: Cultural differences in expressions of sympathy. Journal of personality and social psychology, 107(6), p.1092.

Li, Z., Massa, M., Xu, N. and Zhang, H., 2016. DP11475 The Impact of Sin Culture: Evidence from Earning Management and Alcohol Consumption in China.

Liu, C., Liu, W., Wang, Y., Zhang, Z. and Wang, P., 2013. Patient safety culture: a case study in an outpatient setting in Beijing. BMJ quality & safety, pp.bmjqs-2013.

Marsh, H.W., Abduljabbar, A.S., Morin, A.J., Parker, P., Abdelfattah, F., Nagengast, B. and Abu-Hilal, M.M., 2015. The big-fish-little-pond effect: Generalizability of social comparison processes over two age cohorts from Western, Asian, and Middle Eastern Islamic countries. Journal of Educational Psychology, 107(1), p.258.

Download Sample

Get 100% money back after download, simply upload your unique content* of similar no. of pages or more. We verify your content and once successfully verified 100% value credited to your wallet within 7 days.

Upload Unique Document

Document Under Evaluation

Get Credits into Your Wallet

*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as unique.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Culture Affects The Performance. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/culture-affects-the-performance.

"Culture Affects The Performance." My Assignment Help, 2018, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/culture-affects-the-performance.

My Assignment Help (2018) Culture Affects The Performance [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/culture-affects-the-performance
[Accessed 09 July 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Culture Affects The Performance' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/culture-affects-the-performance> accessed 09 July 2020.

My Assignment Help. Culture Affects The Performance [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 09 July 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/culture-affects-the-performance.


At MyAssignmenthelp.com, we are committed to deliver quality assignment assistance in the fastest way possible. To make our service delivery fast, we have hired subject matter experts to work on different subject specific assignments. We have hired experts who owe in-depth knowledge in their respective subjects. As per their expertise, they provide geography assignment help, Physics assignment help, Strategic assignment help, history assignment help, art architecture assignment help and assistance with other subjects as well.

Latest Management Samples

ISYS1055 Database Concepts For Decomposition And Functional Dependency

Download : 0 | Pages : 3
  • Course Code: ISYS1055
  • University: RMIT University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Answer to Question 1: The candidate key for the doctor table is Rego. The candidate key for Patient Table is ID. The appointment table has candidate key, ID. The tables are already in third normal form. All the attributes in the database are atomic. Each of the tables has primary key. There is no non-functional dependency or transitive dependency. Answer to Question 2: Functional Dependency: The given custID has been presented as ...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Melbourne Accounting Accounting theory and accountability University of Melbourne 

ACC203 Management Accounting Method

Download : 0 | Pages : 10
  • Course Code: ACC203
  • University: Elite Educational Institute
  • Country: Australia

Answer: 1. Explaining how the management accountant can help contribute design and operations of the new management accounting system for the new hospital: Being the management accountant relevant skill is needed by the individuals for adequately conducting operations. The same skills of a management accountant can help in designing and operating the new management accounting system for the new hospital. In addition, the management accounting...

Read More arrow

HI6026 Audit, Assurance And Compliance For Australian Security Exchange

Download : 0 | Pages : 9

Answer: Introduction Auditing is the process to examine the financial statements of the business entities in order to find out any material missstements in them. While auditing the statements, the responsibility of the auditors is to take into consideration the major risks of material misstatements and to take necessary steps to reduce them. On the other hand, Australian Security Exchange (ASX) has provided the companies with eight principles i...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Campsie Management University of New South Wales 

NUR4232 Protecting Your Clients In The Conduct Of Research

Download : 0 | Pages : 21
  • Course Code: NUR4232
  • University: National Center For Biotechnology Information
  • Country: United States

Answer: Introduction Evidence-based models use a process for framing a question, locating, assessing, evaluating, and repeating as needed. PICO (T) elements include: Problem/Patient/Population, Intervention/Indicator, Comparison, Outcome, and (optional) Time element or Type of Study. The question for this study is as follows: In patients aged 60 years and above (P), what is the effect of being administered the influenza vaccine (I) on contra...

Read More arrow

CP5639 Conceptual Modelling For Attributes And Different Relationships

Download : 0 | Pages : 5
  • Course Code: CP5639
  • University: James Cook University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Discussion This report discusses the solution for the conceptual modelling of the Joanne Myers Apartments. Conceptual modelling involves following a few steps in order to achieve the final conceptual model for the database. The first step is thoroughly studying the case study to get information on all the entities and their attributes and different relationships that exist between the entities. After identifying the entities, the next...

Read More arrow
Next
watch

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

1,358,337

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,081

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

230 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Liya Han

Master Of Science in Geotechnical Engineering (MSc Geotec)

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1758 Order Completed

99% Response Time

William Martinez

MS in Biology

Washington, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2830 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Leroy Bicknell

MBA in Marketing

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1692 Order Completed

98% Response Time

Alfred Dodd

PhD in Computer and Information Science with specialization in Database

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

perfect work from consultants and they have better knowledge to make assignments.

flag

User Id: 458046 - 09 Jul 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

This is a well constructed essay, shows the expert actually did watch my video attachment and did a great job!!!

flag

User Id: 417511 - 09 Jul 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Thank you for being helpful. i appreciate your commitment. my professor is yet to grade the assignment

flag

User Id: 450271 - 09 Jul 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

DID AWESOME WORK. NEVER BEEN MORE IMPRESSED WITH ALL THE HELP THE EXPERT GAVE ME AND MY ASSIGNMENT HELP. I WILL DEFINITELY BE COMING BACK FOR MORE IF NEEDED.

flag

User Id: 292731 - 09 Jul 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?