Discuss about the Culture And Intercultural Awareness.
Culture and intercultural awareness have emerged over the past decades as the significant part of conceptualizing the cultural dimension to different aspects of language teaching. The awareness of culture and intercultural activities remain to be ideal as having the clear understanding of an individuals and other culture. The awareness focuses on understanding similarities along with differences between the two diverse cultures. According to Baker (2011), the world is keeping to becoming smaller due to globalization, and technological improvements. These two factors have made it possible for individuals from different cultural, ethnic, socio-economic, and racial background to communicate, work and travel together from one region in the world to another with ease. Therefore, culture and intercultural awareness refer to the recognition in conjunction with the acceptance that people are all producible by their unique and distinct way of life. The awareness remains to be the original foundation of interaction, and it comprises of the capability of establishing back from an individual and remaining alerted of their social values, insights, as well as beliefs (Littlewood 2011). Culture and intercultural awareness have turned to be central when the people have to interact with people from other cultures around the communities. Therefore, this paper focuses on the examination of ideas behind cultures and intercultural awareness around the societies.
Levels of culture and intercultural awareness
Various levels of culture and intercultural understanding that show how individuals develop to recognize differences in the way of life. These levels comprise of the parochial phase, ethnocentric, phase of synergistic, along with stage of participatory third culture. At the initial level, individuals are always alert of their methods of performing effects, and their technique is the only approach according to their understanding. At this stage of being aware, make people ignore the impact of differences in their culture. At the succeeding phase of culture and intercultural understanding, individuals are always alert of other customs that they can implement in doing different things. As Dasli (2011) reported, people are still considering their way to be the most appropriate one. In this stage, differences in cultural activities are always perceivable as the basis of crisis, and individuals seem to overlook the differences or ease their implication.
The third phase of culture and intercultural awareness persons are alert of their approach of performing effects as well as other techniques of performing human operations. However, in most cases, they prefer the appropriate method about the state. At the third phase, individuals can understand that disparity in culture and intercultural can result in problems along with benefits (Zhu 2011). Therefore, people remain to be eager to exploit cultural assortment to develop excellent results and choices. In the phase of participatory third culture aids in bringing individuals from various ethnic backgrounds in one place to help in the formation of the philosophy of common meanings. The populations in the society can dialogue with others. The people are also able to create new meanings of rules that are essential to meeting the needs of the particular situation (Kutcha & Sukpen 2013). Consequently, these four levels of culture and intercultural awareness enable people in the communities to realize that they are not equal. The people also learn multiple ways that are vital to reaching the same goal of life.
Developing culture and intercultural awareness through learning
Learning about the culture and developing intercultural awareness refers to the ‘fifth skill’in learning of language. Education enables an individual to understand educational content in their learning contexts. The learning activities within the culture and intercultural awareness comprise of gaining knowledge about community art, history, literature, or popular culture in the target language (Zafirov 2015). Therefore, learning improves an individual’s development of awareness of culture and intercultural issues that affects personal lives and social structures. The learning process assists in developing general intercultural competence. According to Hollinsworth (2012), the specific cultural content of learning language varies depending on the style an individual learn. It also helps in developing culture and intercultural awareness that persist to be valuable in the workplace as well as in everyday life.
According to Stier (2013), employers in new marketplaces value intercultural and culture skills such as demonstrating respect for other staff members, knowledge of the foreign language, and the capacity to appreciate various social contexts along with notions. Emerging the culture and cross-cultural knowledge engages not only for an individual to become familiar with cultural beliefs as well as practices in the advanced language and cultural contexts but also becoming aware of their convictions and values. In most cases, culture and intercultural skills can occur in the number of approaches (Bochniarz & Lipiec 2015). Besides, there are few culture and intercultural skills that an individual can do outside the learning sector or take to learning to set for further discussions.
Importance of culture and intercultural awareness
The awareness of culture and intercultural skills remains to be an essential device that reduces the consequences of conflict in cross-cultural settings. The awareness helps the people in the society to learn how to behave in the correct manner across different cultures (Baker 2011). The improved behavior aids in the creation of a feeling for the cultural differences between communities. The feeling leads to the enhancement of cross-cultural skills for communication such as listening, speaking, along with observation. These communication skills tend to play a major duty of creation of trust among the individual of diverse cultures. The awareness also leads to the improvement of competencies of partnership among the population that focuses on international relationships. As reported by Sulkowski, (2013), culture and intercultural awareness assist in decreasing the misunderstanding among the cross-cultures while creating the winning workplace among the employees. Therefore, the awareness remains to be a major factor in the improvement of business as it results in cost-effective solutions for operations of various organizations. The benefit in groups arises because the culture and intercultural awareness maximize their potentially international as well as develops the intercultural diversity of experts by the provision of appropriate results to their operations (Ribeiro 2016). The knowledge aids of great importance because it allows experts from different companies to understand, accept, and create strong relations with individuals from various cultural backgrounds.
Culture and intercultural awareness remain to be one of the significant factors in the development of a successful relationship between the buyer and seller. The awareness allows the sale managers in a given company to know and realize the impact of culture and diversity on business operations and relations (Greer & Mukhopadhyay 2015). The idea also enables the managers to be aware of the importance of embracing the need for intercultural aspects. The ideas can apply to production, distributions, and sales of their products the awareness of culture and intercultural factors allows business operators to focus on operating with the help of proper training that helps in observing and protecting different cultural beliefs and values.
The culture and intercultural awareness assist the learners in various learning institutions to broaden their minds by increasing tolerance towards the achievement of cultural empathy along with sensitivity. From Kim’s (2012) study, culture and intercultural awareness comprise of different qualities of an individual. It consists of the awareness of the individual’s culturally induced traits, awareness of the induced behavior of culture of other people, and capacity of an individual to explain the stand of people on cultural beliefs and values. Therefore, culture and intercultural awareness form an essential section in the process of learning together with teaching different languages. According to Toyoda (2016), every culture and intercultural aspects comprise of their cultural norms. For example, when referring to an individual, they can decide to apply the informal or formal styles that vary from a single culture to another. However, some of the cultural norms can remain to be different compared to other aspects from different regions. Through culture and intercultural awareness, people in the society can access to various resources of culture as well as explore the target culture on their own. Culture and intercultural awareness improve the culture of people in the employment sector (Schuette & Siebold, 2013). Among the most noticeable, disadvantages of culture and cross-cultural awareness comprise of language barriers, public disengagement, along with social tension.
Management of culture and intercultural awareness
The initial step in the management of culture and intercultural awareness is the recognition of it and learning not to fear its outcome in management and practices of society. There is requisite to develop the self-understanding and knowledge of intercultural because every individual remains a product of their culture. Different directives are applicable in dealing with culture and intercultural awareness. From Davchera’s (2011) investigation, different attitudes help in bridging the cultures and intercultural skills. Some of the steps include the admission by a person that they understand their culture, suspension of judgments, empathy, systematically checking of personal assumptions, becoming comfortable with ambiguity, and celebrating diversity. Therefore, it is vital for people to admit that they do not know everything that occurs in the society (Chamberlin-Quinlisk 2015). The assumption form essential ideas of making an individual are becoming culturally aware of every happening around in the companies. The people need to assume the differences that they have between their cultures and others, but they should not expect similarities.
During the management of culture and intercultural awareness, people have to focus on the collection as much data as possible. The data can assist people in describing the situation of cultural diversity between them accurately before evaluating their judgments on different cultures. According to Escudero (2013), empathy is an essential factor in the management of culture and intercultural awareness. It assists people to understand their counterparts by standing in their shoes. Therefore, through empathy during management process, people can learn how other individuals in the society would like to receive different treatments from approaches taken by others. Additionally, regular checking of an individual’s assumption allows people to ask their colleagues for different feedback on issues that affect their operations. The verification of assumptions allows for regularly checking their views to ensure that they clearly understand cultural issues (Zafirov 2015). Culture and intercultural awareness enable people to seek control by making situations more complicated and uncertain. The need to focus on different cultural issues enables people to conduct their operations in the different mode away from issues that they know. Management of culture and intercultural awareness heavily relies on the celebration of diversity that it causes to cultures. Different people in the society seek to find approaches that are essential in sharing the cultures of their diverse workforce. These celebrations help in encouraging different people to organize their operations by cultural values together with beliefs. As reported by Baker (2011), several challenges result due to the cultural differences within the society. Learning and understanding culture and intercultural awareness remain to be a challenging factor because different people from various countries around the world have different organizational hierarchies across cultures.
Principles of culture and intercultural awareness
Culture and intercultural awareness have the shared dual function that focuses on supporting processes of learning different cultures and languages and extending the general skill of the nature of cultural diversity. These awarenesses are all connectable with a particular and general process of learning of cultures. According to Davchera (2011), culture and intercultural awareness remain to play an essential purpose in the social life of the society. However, it also plays a role of showing the lack of adequate understanding among people within a community setting on operations of others. These factors lead to the development of social inequality among people in the community. Therefore, people within a community setting need to establish proper connection with targeted culture and its aspects for good communication with others around the society. Regions with high individualism culture showed that people from those cultures to have higher intrinsic motivations compared people from the collectivist culture. The training motives remain to be higher when the people perceive such ideas during learning to increase the competencies of individuals (Dasli 2011). Therefore, in most cases, the training programs do focus on improving the performance of individuals instead of skills of organizations. Culture and intercultural awareness allow people to adopt concrete, inductive, and intuitive learning styles that influence the understanding of individuals towards the values and beliefs of the particular culture.
Culture and intercultural awareness takes an essential section in the process of learning and teaching different aspects of human operations. Every culture comprises of its cultural norms. For example, during a conversation between two people, an individual can decide to use informal or formal styles of communication that differs from the culture of a person to another. Therefore, it is necessary for individuals who are learning the different language that is foreign to theirs to be aware of various cultural norms within the specified culture. The consideration will assist the learner to avoid future problems while communicating different ideas to their peers. There is a need for every individual to be aware of norms of a member of another cultural group. As reported by Ribeiro (2016), factors like behaviors of an individual, values, belief of culture, expectation of an individual, and cultural perspectives should be considerable during the learning process. The individuals who understand different factors have the responsibilities of encouraging people to realize how to understand different cultural belief as well as values around communities.
Teaching culture of awareness of different norms in the way of life is a vital factor in raising the awareness. The culture of teaching can consist of various compositions. These pieces include communication skills, analytical techniques, fluent, along with the change towards changing attitudes about an individual’s cultural understanding. Therefore, in several ways, the idea of teaching people on the culture and intercultural awareness remains to be a superior merit to the industrialized society (Kim 2012). Teaching provides improved diversity that leads to improved operation of individuals. Learning and teaching about culture and intercultural awareness help in overcoming the challenges that result from the management of multicultural values and moral (Hollinsworth 2012). The idea helps people to achieve benefits of understanding cultural values among the societies.
Conclusion and recommendations
Appropriate development of culture and intercultural awareness among people enables them to think more critical concerning different norms of the culture. There is a need for leaders to raise culture and intercultural awareness by the process of focusing on similarities of cross-cultural standards and not over emphasizing on differences of the cultural norms. There is a need for leaders to raise culture and intercultural awareness at an every level in education throughout activities that are multicultural. These can include seminars and displays that educate people on different cultures. Adoption of anti-racism strategies to tackle the issue of racism can help in raising the culture and intercultural awareness. Provision of training for culture and intercultural awareness for staff and students can aid in explaining the beliefs and values of different cultures to people. In most cases, there is a need for leaders to raise culture and intercultural awareness People must be able to recognize every member of the society of whatever background or skills by bringing the unique experience to their understanding of cultures. Several cultures that make different nations remains to form all the part of national identity, history, along with the character of people. The challenges that come with learning and understanding of culture and intercultural awareness should not be the reasons to avoid cultural diversity, but it forms some factors to keep in mind as society heads towards the more various future operations.
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