Racial or ethnic data are required for mitigating any kind of social disparities. It has been found out that in terms of social disparities, there are numerous discrepancies in the premise of health and social care. Moreover, the amount of racial discrimination in the social and health care sector is making it difficult to improve quality of care.
In time of classifying people along racial and ethnic lines, people mainly encounter resistance and rude behavior from those individuals who are marginalized for racism in the society (Vogt et al. 2015). Unwillingness to provide response is one of the most common plights that the workers of any governmental census board may encounter.
Some of the frequent barriers of giving culturally appropriate mental health services are found to be financial issues, social stigma and racial superstitions. More specifically, in the premise of mental health care sector, one of the most prevalent issues is racial, gender and religious discrimination. In order to overcome the barrier of racism, it would be important to break the racial stereotypes by the enlightenment of literacy (Boulware et al. 2016). For accomplishing this, awareness programs and counseling would be most effective. Through the method of face-to-face counseling and awareness initiatives, the knowledge regarding fundamental human rights should be taught.
It is an argumentative fact that the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness is a scientific method or not. In time of counseling a person in terms of giving mental treatment through showing empathy, eye contact and humbleness, the treatment cannot be called scientific. On the other hand, when counseling proves less effective and the psychiatrists find the necessity to prescribe medicinal treatment, the process should be called scientific (Freud 2014). Several times, mental illness is related to neurological disorders, in such times practitioners of mental illness need to provide medicinal and therapeutic treatments. Therefore, these kinds of treatment are needed to be called scientific.
Fundamentally, the term race is indicative of different groups of people who have both differences and similarities in the field of biological traits, which are considered by society. On the other hand, race is also defined as a classification of people into groups, which is based on ancestry, genetics and social relations. However, the term “ethnicity” is predominantly defined as a shared cultural practice, distinctions as well as perspectives. The term is also defined as an aspect that shares cultural heritage (Care 2013). Further, ethnicity is also referred for a particular culture of people in a specific geographic region, heritage, language and customs.
The definition of Ethnicity that says that it is a term referred for a particular culture in a specific geographic region, heritage, language and customs is preferable most as the word is used for pointing out individual groups with individual cultural, religious or racial attributes in common. On the other hand, the definition of race that says it says race means different groups of people who have both differences and similarities in the field of biological traits is preferred as biologically transferred traits are categorized through the term.
Boulware, L.E., Cooper, L.A., Ratner, L.E., LaVeist, T.A. and Powe, N.R., 2016. Race and trust in the health care system. Public health reports.
Care, C.C., 2013. Race and Ethnicity. Child Development, 84(4), pp.1115-1119.
Freud, S., 2014. Psychical (or mental) treatment. Read Books Ltd.
Vogt, M., Bormann, N.C., Rüegger, S., Cederman, L.E., Hunziker, P. and Girardin, L., 2015. Integrating data on ethnicity, geography, and conflict: The ethnic power relations data set family. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 59(7), pp.1327-1342.