Depression is defined as a mental disorder characterized by mood upset, lack of interest, lowering at self-confidence, and social isolation. The condition is much worsening as because it reduces the quality of life, with alteration of behavior and performance. General disturbed the level of catecholamine and 5-hydroxytryptophan (serotonin) was responsible for such mental illness (Becker & Kleinman, 2013 pp.34).
Generally depression has a broad range of symptoms associated, and it categorized based on the impact of the disorder on lifestyle. Often depression is associated with anxiety such as phobias, generalized and social anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress, and obsessive compulsive disorder. The extremes of depression occur by virtue of impairment in delusional thinking, perception, and predominant mood changes. Mild depression is related to alteration in mood and emotional quotient of daily routine life. Moderate depression is related to events that put significant impact on person’s life. Clinical depression is linked to the severe form of mental disorder that leads to a reduction of self-esteem and self-confidence, which last for several years.
Unipolar depression is related to the problem of severe mood offset in the negative direction. It leads lack of interest in food, sleep, and routine life activity. Furthermore, it affects the behavior, interaction, performance and communication of the individual. Common symptoms include irritability, feeling of guilt, neglecting hobbies and lack of motivation in life, and sleep disturbance. Compared to the male, the illness is more frequent in females. Likewise, the symptoms of irritability, lack of sleep and feeling of guilt is more prevalent in male, whereas crying and sadness is more prevalent in females (Oquendo, 2014).
Bipolar depression is characterized by mood changes, which comprises of alteration in mood alteration with depressive and manic stages. Thus, it alters the functioning, productivity, and ability of individual for any activity. Evidence suggest that the form of depression is equally affecting males and females. Along with deterioration in activities, performance, and relationship, it also leads to bring suicidal tendency. Harming of self and other is the major problem concerned with this depression type. The treatment options are much essential in this regard as concurrent psychotic deterioration is more probable with increasing time.
Dysthymia is the least form of depressions that have potential symptoms, but do not deteriorate the quality of life. The type of depression impedes the generation of interest and performance. Common symptoms include anxiety, difficulty to maintain a relationship with family and outside. The problem affects male and female equally, whereas the concern is more frequent in adolescent females (Parker, 2014, pp.44).
BECKER, J., & KLEINMAN, A. (Eds.). (2013). Psychosocial aspects of depression. Routledge. Page no. 34-40
MIRANDA, J., AZOCAR, F., ORGANISTA, K. C., DWYER, E., & AREANE, P. (2014). Treatment of depression among impoverished primary care patients from ethnic minority groups. DOI: 10.1176/
OQUENDO, M. A., ELLIS, S. P., GREENWALD, S., MALONE, K. M., WEISSMAN, M. M., & MANN, J. J. (2014). Ethnic and sex differences in suicide rates relative to major depression in the United States. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.10.1652
PARKER, G. (2014). Classifying depression: should paradigms lost be regained? Page no. 44-60
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