Describe about The Installation of Primary Services Affects the Design of Commercial and Domestic Buildings In Terms Of Intake, Installation and Accommodation?
Installation of Electrical Services on the design of commercial and domestic building
The primary aim of installing electrical services in the building is to provide routine and regular power supply to the buildings. While talking about basic electrical services, it includes the installation of lights, fans, telecommunication systems. The major part of the installation of these services includes the cabling or wiring inside the building architecture (Martín-Gómez et al. 2014). The adequate and relevant information to implement and design the primary electrical services must be collected from engineer specialized in the subject. In the case of the commercial building, the exit signs must be carefully brightened and placed to catch attention. If the isolation of the switches and protection from overflow of the current is designed cautiously, it poses a harmful threat to the people and even death.
Installation of Fire and Security Alarm Installation services
The most common fire and security alarm system include the installation of CCTV system inside the building, the access control security system and fire alarm system, especially in the commercial building architecture (Lee et al. 2013). Various guidelines must be followed during the design procedure of the commercial building to secure the installation of the services. The design of different floor of the building the installation of the services must be carefully correlated to have easy and safe access to the fire and security alarms. The installation of the wiring of the access control system should be carefully concealed. The security system in case of the commercial building is more detailed done for the large floor space of the commercial building and large floor-to-floor distance (Chen et al. 2012). The emergency exit signs in case of the commercial building need to be carefully designed and place for quick and easy visualization. The faulty installation of the services will cause a great havoc in the time of emergency.
Installation of Escalators and lifts services
In the design of the commercial buildings, the lifts and escalators are used to ease the pedestrian access to different floors effective and efficient. The function, the size of the building and the number of peoples working in it are the factors that affect the design of the elevators and escalators in the building. The design and implementation of the lifts and escalators must be designed taken in mind the comfort and safe operation of the services (Tymkow et al. 2013). The design of the building is to be cautiously done to engage minimum cost and require less space. In the case of both the domestic and commercial building, the elevation services need to be designed for easy access for the disabled or aesthetics people. The need for a corridor, stairs or elevators must be identified with the requirement of the building. The inefficient design of the lifts causes a great chaos and wastage of funds.
Installation of Plumbing Services
The drainage system and the plumbing services are an essential primary service required for any building. For domestic building, the drainage system is much simpler in compared to the commercial building. The size of the commercial building has an impact on the design of the drainage system. Technical specifications are to be followed in designing and installing the plumbing services in the building including the water distribution and storage of water. The tanks, drainage system, and the plumbing system need to be efficiently designed as to meet the requirement of the people (Wise, and Swaffield, 2012). The drainage system should satisfy the adequate disposal of the waste materials from the buildings. The design of the building needs to be correlated with the sewage system such that no part of the sewage lines gets connected the surface water or fresh water. The wrong implementation of the system can cause a hygienic problem in the residing people.
Installation of heating and air conditioner services
The installation requirements for the heating and cooling services are different for commercial and domestic buildings. Ventilation service, air conditioners, and heater services influence the health of occupant, productivity and the well-being of the people (Hepbasli 2012). The ventilation and air conditional system need an active mechanism of the electrical services to provide the effective thermal condition needed for the building. Designing the efficient installation of these services affects the primary design of the building.
Tymkow, P., Tassou, S., Kolokotroni, M. and Jouhara, H., 2013. Building services design for energy efficient buildings. Routledge.
Wise, A.F.E. and Swaffield, J., 2012. Water, sanitary and waste services for buildings. Routledge.
Chen, Y.Y., Chuang, Y.J., Huang, C.H., Lin, C.Y. and Chien, S.W., 2012. The adoption of fire safety management for upgrading the fire safety level of existing hotel buildings. Building and Environment, 51, pp.311-319.
Hepbasli, A., 2012. Low exergy (LowEx) heating and cooling systems for sustainable buildings and societies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(1), pp.73-104.
Lee, W., Cheon, M., Hyun, C.H. and Park, M., 2013. Development of building fire safety system with automatic security firm monitoring capability.Fire Safety Journal, 58, pp.65-73.
Martín-Gómez, C., Zapata, O., Zuazua, A., Villanueva, S. and Olaizola, P., 2014. Building services cabinets as teaching material in a degree in architecture. European Journal of Engineering Education, 39(2), pp.143-156.