The study deals with a lesson plan to help the students in a day-care in their process of transition from one activity to another. The lesson plan is planned detailed keeping in mind the learning pace of the pre-schoolers and their daily routine activities. The teacher can use various rhymes to calm the students down after the class or even make the daily activities such as the cleanup cycle more fun. Another strategy aims to help the students to know about the activities at the day care by providing them with schedule cards.
The goal of the lesson is to help the students to manage their daily activities at the school. Using the lesson plan the students will be able to switch from one activity to another smoothly through small stops and intervals (Mazzotti, Test and Mustian, 2014). The daily routine of the student might contain several activities but there should not be too many intervals as it would change the mindset of learning of the student (Mazzotti, Test and Mustian, 2014). Too many changes in the routine should also be removed so that it should not confuse the students and frustrate them and it would also bring a sense of orientation in them.
Audience: the audience of this lesson plan are pre-schoolers of 2-3 years of age.
Behaviour: the students are confused regarding the various activities at their day care. The main objective of the lesson plan is to remove the confusion and help them in transitioning from one activity to another and improve their cognitive skills.
Condition: the lesson plan should provide the students a permanent routine to help them sort out their daily activities. Audio clues can be used by the teacher to make the students understand that the time for one activity has ended. The teacher should use calmer methods of transition such as a song or a catchy rhyme (Mazzotti, Test and Mustian, 2014).
Degree: the teacher should implement these strategies in an extensive manner and should use performance measuring techniques from time to time.
For preparing the schedule
Activities to help with the transition process
Audio clues for separate class
· Prepare schedule cards for the students so they can have a copy of the routine themselves.
· Prepare the routine on an A4 size chart paper and stick it on the wall of the classroom.
· Few things are required to play the game what is missing like-pens, pencils, crayons etc.
· A ringer should be placed outside the room so that when a class would end the ringer would ring.
The students should be gathered on the meeting rug first. The teacher should start by talking about the various activities at the day-care such as the rhyming class, the counting class, the circle time and so on. The tone of the teacher should be soft and appealing. The teacher should start like “children today we are here to introduce some more fun into the daily activities of the school”. The teacher should also tell them about the new rhymes they would be learning.
- The teacher must deliver the motivational speech first.
- The schedule cards must be distributed amongst the students and the use should be explained (Skowron, 2015).
- Then she should talk about the various new rhymes the students are going to learn. The rhymes should be recited by the teacher aloud first and the students should follow her line by line.
- The ringer should be rung once and the drill to clean up and prepare for the next class should be explained and demonstrated.
- The students should be provided with the schedule cards which should look attractive and should come in different colours.
- The students who are not able to follow the rhymes vocally should be provided with sheets of paper with the rhymes written on them.
The teacher should entertain all the questions regarding the routine from the students (Mazzotti, Test and Mustian, 2014).
- The students who progresses slowly should be paid special attention and should be explained at their own pace.
The evaluation of the lesson plan is a very mental process and the performance of the lesson plan cannot be evaluated with the introduction of it. For the proper evaluation of the lesson plan, the teacher needs to keep the students under observation for a week (Skowron, 2015). The teacher needs to observe how the students are behaving after the implementation of the various skills and smoothly they can catch up with the activities of the next class.
Follow up is an important part of the lesson planning. The students should keep humming the rhymes on their way back home. Even at home they can practice the rhymes along with the actions to be performed with the rhymes (Skowron, 2015). The students can stick the schedule on the wall of their study room so that they can have an idea what they are going to learn the next day.
Common core standards
- Understand the importance of the various activities at the day care centre.
- The students should also understand what transition is and how it affects their learning process (Mazzotti, Test and Mustian, 2014).
- The students should actively take part during reciting the rhymes and perform the tasks alongside which is the lesson plan aims.
- The students should understand the importance of separating the time between the two classes and the usage of the bell for it.
- While playing the game what is missing, the students should be able to see all the things which are used in the game.
The aim of the lesson plan is to help the students with the transition process at the day-care. The job of the teacher is to implement various methods and skills to the smooth transition of the student from one activity to another. The study covers the entire lesson plan which would suit all types of learners in the class. The lesson plan has been created keeping in mind the age of the children and their learning capabilities.
Skowron, J., 2015. Powerful lesson planning: Every teacher's guide to effective instruction. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc..
Mazzotti, V.L., Test, D.W. and Mustian, A.L., 2014. Secondary transition evidence-based practices and predictors: Implications for policymakers. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 25(1), pp.5-18.