Discuss about the Education Institutions on Rural Agricultural.
Nutrition is a requirement for everyone to live a healthy life. Despite the mass production of food, many individuals are hungry around the world as evident in the case study among university students in Victoria. Today, it is more likely to acquire cheap, unhealthy food rather than the expensive healthy food among students who have inadequate funds to sustain themselves in the changing food insecurity. Many health issues are resulting from food insecurity; obesity, heart diseases as well as leading to high levels of emotional, and academic problems among students who seem to be more anxious. Food insecurity in today’s society is associated with poverty. As students join universities, they become independent whereby they rent or share houses. As a result, cost of living and utility lead to stress in the economy and money becomes inefficient in the purchase of nutritious food. Thus, food insecurity among students is a menace that reflects on how it affects the entire society and country in general. However, tertiary students are the most vulnerable group to food insecurity, unlike the whole population as depicted in the article.
Purpose of the article
Inability to access sufficient food is known to hinder learning in the tertiary institutions. The purpose of the article, therefore, was to determine the prevalence of food insecurity among the tertiary students, identify the factors that elevate food insecurity and propose recommendations to solve the situation. Also, the article seeks to identify the students who are most affected by food insecurity, i.e., the students who rely on government support and those who are renting.
The cross-sectional design, which employed the use of a questionnaire was used for the research. The sample used comprised of 124 students attending Deakin University and was conducted in the year 2012. For ethical purposes, the students under the age of 18 years were excluded from the study. The self-reported questionnaire required the students to indicate their characteristics and eating behaviors. To avoid bias, the term ‘food insecurity’ was not included during the recruitment process. The faculty of Health Human Ethics Advisory Group at Deakin University approved the study after having established that it does not breach the ethical rules. The recruitment process, which lasted for four weeks, employed techniques such as posters, bulletins and information flyers to catch the attention of students in the campus.
Findings and conclusion
At the end of the study, several findings were made as listed below. First, 18 percent of the students were noted to experience food insecurity without hunger. Second, 30 percent of the students were reported to experience food insecurity with hunger which is the more grave type of food insecurity. Third, students living with their family were reported to having a lower probability of food insecurity while those receiving support from the government were reported to have a higher odd of being food insecure. The conclusion derived from the study is that food insecurity is majorly pronounced in the tertiary learning institutions and the primary reason for this observation is that the students are not living with their parents (Massaquoi, Tarawally, Bangali&Kandeh, 2014). Having identified that food insecurity in tertiary institutions is one of the intractable problems facing students, the government should purpose to regulate the prices of the food sold in the tertiary institutions along with providing more financial support (Roy, Kelly,Rangan& Allman-Farinelli, 2015). By doing so, food insecurity within the tertiary institutions will be no more.
The article reflects on food insecurity among university students. Hence, its primary audience is the higher educational institutes. The findings would be of importance to the bodies as they would be in a position to come up with measures to regulate or control food insecurity in the educational institutions (Otsuka, 2013). The findings reflect on what causes food insecurity among tertiary students, and how best the institutions would come up with measures to eradicate the menace by availing enough food in the institutions.
The government may also be an interested audience to the findings. The article would be of assistance for the government agencies to predict or determine food insecurity within the country (Patton-López, López-Cevallos, Cancel-Tirado, & Vazquez, 2014). This would help make them predict the future and come up with strategies to lower food insecurity for example by putting more land under cultivation and supporting local farmers to produce high quantity and quality food.
Identifying the right audience is of importance in analyzing the article. This article is of good value as it reflects on the problems that students face in regarding food insecurity (Gundersen, &Ziliak, 2014). It comes up with the rightful recommendations on how the institutions, as well as the government, would resolve the problem. The article also reflects on the government as an audience to the report, giving a slight insight on how it would use it to think about food security nationally.
The article is good because it explores one of the current problems in the tertiary institutions which need urgent address. Also, the article gives meaningful approaches that would go a long way toward eliminating the problem of food insecurity in the tertiary institutions. However, the report also has its bad side. One of the major reasons for this argument is that it focuses only on one institution, i.e., Deakin University. It would have been better if the study was spread on a broader range of institutions for better clarity.
This article is of great concern to the institution and government as it reflects on a current problem of food insecurity which needs urgent redress. Besides the institutional bodies, an individual can gain interest in the article, to understand the rate of food insecurity encountered in the country. This article is well written and can be used in organizational analysis as it shows the level that an organization has reached in managing its food security.
Gundersen, C., &Ziliak, J. P. (2014). Childhood food insecurity in the US: Trends, causes, and policy options. The Future of Children, 24(2), 1-19.
Massaquoi, S. B., Tarawally, F., Bangali, E., &Kandeh, J. B. A. (2014). Impact of tertiary education institutions on rural agricultural communities in Sierra Leone. Afreduc dev issues, 6, 103-128.
Micevski, D. A., Thornton, L. E., & Brockington, S. (2014). Food insecurity among university students in Victoria: A pilot study. Nutrition & dietetics, 71(4), 258-264.
Otsuka, K. (2013). Food insecurity, income inequality, and the changing comparative advantage in world agriculture. Agricultural Economics, 44(s1), 7-18.
Patton-López, M. M., López-Cevallos, D. F., Cancel-Tirado, D. I., & Vazquez, L. (2014). Prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among students attending a midsize rural university in Oregon. Journal of nutrition education and behavior, 46(3), 209-214.
Roy, R., Kelly, B., Rangan, A., & Allman-Farinelli, M. (2015). Food environment interventions to improve the dietary behavior of young adults in tertiary education settings: a systematic literature review. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 115(10), 1647-1681.