Describe one national policy related to healthcare in a developing nation (Mexico) and developed nation (Canada)?
National healthcare policies are the plans, decisions and actions undertaken for achieving specific healthcare goals in the country. These policies are made for achieving targets like defining a vision for the future, setting priorities and roles of the communities and building consensus and awareness among people. Every nation, developing or developed, has distinct health policies in place for achieving better health outcomes among the people. The present writing is one national healthcare policy of the developed nation Canada and one healthcare policy of the developing nation Mexico.
Canada puts forward a public policy known as The Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) Policy. The policy is effective from November 5, 2014. This particular policy provides temporary, limited and taxpayer-funded coverage of healthcare-benefits to refugees, refugee claimants and others who are not eligible for territorial or provincial health insurance. The policy has six types of coverage. The first type is Basic, Supplemental and Prescription Drug Coverage. The second type is Basic and Prescription Drug Coverage. The third type is Basic and Public Health or Public Safety Prescription Drug Coverage. The fourth type is Basic and Public Health or Public Safety Prescription Drug Coverage. The fifth type is Coverage for persons detained under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and lastly the sixth type is Coverage for the Immigration Medical Examination (Raza et al., 2012). There is flexible authority to pay distinct costs in relation to healthcare in compelling and some exceptional circumstances. In addition, the policy also helps to protect the public health and public safety. It also provides coverage more generous than the programs that are government-funded. The program provides coverage on an interim basis and does not cover all migrants not covered by provincial programs. Canadian citizens are not covered under this policy. Moreover, it does not have provision for health-care products and services where there is a chance of making a claim under a private insurance plan (Sheikh et al., 2013).
One of the well-established and key health care policy of Mexico is the National Commission for Social Welfare in Healthcare, known as the Seguro Popular. The aim of having this health policy is to have a universal health coverage. This is a national insurance program in particular that was introduced in 2003 and provides access to a package of complete health services and gives financial protection to the Mexicans. It reduces the inequality present in healthcare by guaranteeing broad health coverage to around 50% of the citizens not enrolled in the traditional insurance programs. There is a presence of equality between universal coverage and social protection of health (Ávila-Burgos et al., 2013). The policy is a nation-wide health care program set up for designing a safety-net for covering citizens not enrolled in Mexico’s social security system, called the Instituto Mexicano de Seguro Social, or IMMS. The service makes sure that all citizens get health care services regardless of the socio-economic status. The policy is mostly used by the citizens who do not have any formal employment and who cannot cover the subscriptions to IMMS. One of the key aspects of the policy is that it created binding of legal financial obligations in health care (Knaul et al., 2012).
Ávila-Burgos, L., Serván-Mori, E., Wirtz, V. J., Sosa-Rubí, S. G., & Salinas-Rodríguez, A. (2013). Effect of Seguro Popular on health expenditure in Mexican households ten years after its implementation. Salud Pública de México, 55, S91-S99.
Knaul, F., González-Pier, E., Gómez-Dantés, O., García-Junco, D., Arreola-Ornelas, H., & Barraza-Lloréns, M. et al. (2012). The quest for universal health coverage: achieving social protection for all in Mexico. The Lancet, 380(9849), 1259-1279. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(12)61068-x
Raza, D., Rashid, M., Redwood-Campbell, L., Rouleau, K., & Berger, P. (2012). A moral duty Why Canada’s cuts to refugee health must be reversed.Canadian Family Physician, 58(7), 728-729.
Sheikh, H., Rashid, M., Berger, P., & Hulme, J. (2013). Refugee health Providing the best possible care in the face of crippling cuts. Canadian Family Physician, 59(6), 605-606.