The challenges faced while taking care of patients with multiple and complex mental health issues are fundamental to the treatment of this disorder. There are various issues raised by the assessment and application of treatment techniques used to treat these patients. Healthcare professionals are sometimes forced to apply multiple methods such as pre-counseling interviews, diagnostic testing, and questionnaires (Van der Kolk, 2017, p.401). Patients diagnosed with mental disorders due to occurrences which happened to them at a particular time in their life can experience multiple diseases in the future. This is why in the case study Matthew who is a 30 years man has a history of self-harm which made him be admitted to an acute unit because his situation was worsening after he discovered that he was a victim of sexual abuse when he was a child. This situation resulted into other complications, and in the acute unit, he was diagnosed with alcohol use disorder which is a condition in which a person tends to take a lot of alcohol uncontrollably due to stressful situations as a way of forgetting their past experiences (Svanberg, 2014). His health condition forced healthcare professionals to give him a medical diagnosis of borderline personality disorder. Despite the problems faced by patients due to mental illness, healthcare professionals and other caregivers face a lot of challenges as they take care of these patients.
Lack of support is the first challenge faced while taking care of patients who present multiple and complex health issues. Mental health professionals especially psychologists perform poor jobs of monitoring patients with mental illness due to lack of support from family members and other individuals who are also responsible for taking care of these patients. Inadequate funding from the government and other parties is another challenge faced by individual providing healthcare services to patients with multiple and complex mental illnesses. Even though most countries have arrangements to fund healthcare institutions dealing with a mental illness similar to Matthew’s only a few parts of the country have access to these funds. Recent studies which have been conducted indicates that urban areas have access to these funds and government support and thus in most cases, healthcare centers in rural areas never have access to these funds which lead to poor treatments of mental illness due to lack of proper facilities and equipment (Noddings, 2015). Lack of minimum standards while taking care of patients with multiple and complex health issues is another major challenge which is facing caregivers supporting these patients. This is because non-drug treatments which have to be offered to patients like Matthew like counseling due to their past experiences lack minimum standards which creates a lot of hardships while determining whether the therapies administered to a patient are safe or not. Patients with complex and multiple health issues like Matthew are challenging and thus require a lot of attention to avoid withdrawal (Cook et al., 2017, p.390). This is why Matthew after discovering that he was a victim of sexual abuse as a child become a drug addict as a defensive mechanism to forget the painful past experiences.
Cook, A., Spinazzola, J., Ford, J., Lanktree, C., Blaustein, M., Cloitre, M., DeRosa, R., Hubbard, R., Kagan, R., Liautaud, J. and Mallah, K., 2017. Complex trauma in children and adolescents. Psychiatric annals, 35(5), pp.390-398.
Noddings, N., 2015. The challenge to care in schools, 2nd Editon. Teachers College Press.
Svanberg, J., 2014. Introduction. In Alcohol and the Adult Brain (pp. 11-14). Psychology Press.
Van der Kolk, B.A., 2017. Developmental Trauma Disorder: Toward a rational diagnosis for children with complex trauma histories. Psychiatric annals, 35(5), pp.401-408.