In the present world with the increasing and tremendous development of internet, it is now possible that devices are connected with each other (collect and transfer data between them), thus leading to development of a network consisting of those devices. This is called internet of things or IoT and can be used for different purposes.
After the medical surgeries it is important for the doctors to monitor the patient’s health so that any kind of adverse changes in the vital health parameters can be detected in early phase (Koshti, Ganorkar & Chiari 2016). Thus in order to get the reports or diagnose the changes in the vital parameters of patients health. Thus one of the most important issues related to the collection of health data of the patients who is at home in his/her post operational period.
The system for this IoT based health monitoring system will include temperature sensor, ECG sensor, heart beat sensor and an accelerometer to measure the patients activity and loss of calories in a given time (Hossain & Muhammad, 2016). For the temperature sensor, the system will consist of LM35 temperature sensor (Chosen due to its precession integration circuit design). For the heartbeat sensor it uses LM358 sensors. The heartbeat sensor works on light modulation by the blood flow or pulse of the heart.
Real-time remote monitoring of patients health parameters.
Transmission of Real-time health information and reminders.
Having warning mechanism for both doctors and patients in case detection of any predicted abnormality in the patient’s health.
Embedded and IOT technology with the device to easily monitor patient’s condition
Diagram: Explain working
The total system will be mobile and the system will be able to measure and extract the vital health informations such as body temperature, blood pressure, heart beat rate, lung capacity etc. (Koshti, Ganorkar & Chiari 2016). In the next stage the collected data will be transmitted using the network of IoT (Internet of Things) through the 3G or 4G GSM based access to update the medical database of health care facility.
Advantages & disadvantages
It save the cost or expenses that is required to keep the patient at the hospital and monitor his/her health.
Any adverse change in the health parameters can be easily detected in the early phase that leads to the better health care for the patient and reduction in death toll
The IoT enabled health monitoring system consists of several different technologies that have architectures different from each other (Hossain & Muhammad, 2016). Due to combination of multiple architectures IoT network becomes a very complex system to maintain. Thus any failure the proposed IoT network requires too much time for detection of the error and restoration of the service.
As mentioned in the above sections of this report the patients’ health monitoring system is developed as per the necessities of the patients and doctors, but on the other hand the devices to be used for this system are bulky in nature which makes the user feel uneasy while carrying it along with them.
Hossain, M. S., & Muhammad, G. (2016). Cloud-assisted industrial internet of things (iiot)–enabled framework for health monitoring. Computer Networks, 101, 192-202.
Islam, S. R., Kwak, D., Kabir, M. H., Hossain, M., & Kwak, K. S. (2015). The internet of things for health care: a comprehensive survey. IEEE Access, 3, 678-708.
Kiran, M. S., Rajalakshmi, P., Bharadwaj, K., & Acharyya, A. (2014, March). Adaptive rule engine based IoT enabled remote health care data acquisition and smart transmission system. In Internet of Things (WF-IoT), 2014 IEEE World Forum on (pp. 253-258). IEEE.
Koshti, M., Ganorkar, S., & Chiari, L. (2016). IoT Based Health Monitoring System by Using Raspberry Pi and ECG Signaly. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 5(5).