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Benefits of Seed Priming for Wheat Seeds

Seed priming is a method of German seed technology using biological tools and techniques intending to add value solutions to maximize the natural potential of seeds in field plantations (Rehman et al., 2015). The process of seed priming involves monitoring the germination of seeds by regulating the temperatures of the seed and moisture around the seeds taking it through biochemical procedures at the beginning of the germination process (Fojtik, 2021). As the temperature is controlled and moisture content customized, there is a close range for germination. Therefore, the seed aims to hasten or quicken the process of germination and consistent emergence after planting the seeds. The germination process activates from a standard initial process to a new biochemical induced process. After the above procedures are done, germination occurs much shorter than the standard. Seed Priming is advantageous because there is a faster speed for germination (Khan et al., 2021). It improves uniformity for timely and optimum harvesting. Seed Priming also increases crop development and subsequently increases yields and their potential. Seed priming also enables seeds to germinate in any conditions, whether in adverse Agro-climatic conditions such as cold and wet conditions or hot and dry conditions, since the seeds adjust to the available ground circumstances (Fojtik, 2021).In this project proposal, we exhibit seed priming by comparing two varieties of wheat seeds in German seed technology. Wyalkatchem, a heat-sensitive wheat seed, and the Young, a heat-tolerant wheat seed, establish the impacts of innovation and the expected results when priming is done. The project will also study the background information about the onset of seed priming. It will also establish the project's specific aim and identify with various literature about seed priming (Rehman et al., 2015). The project deduces multiple methods for data collection and analysis towards arriving at the project aims of the research about the seed priming of Wheat.

A study in alpine ecosystems exposes the seeds to a significantly lower temperature below 35 degrees celsius to note their survival in such cold environments. The seeds develop mechanisms for survival in such an environment as per the environmental journal by Jaganathan 2020 (Hameed et al., 2019). Seeds develop mechanisms to survive, including the development of resistance to freezing. However, notable derails are noticed in icy conditions and effects such as seed dormancy and seed desiccation in response to freezing become the immediate outcomes of the extreme cold temperature situations for seed germination (Hameed et al., 2019).

Wheat is a higher seed. A study investigating the effect of heat on the growth of higher seeds such as Wheat shows different behaviours. The Journal of Biological Sciences posts reported the study of the investigation of two wheat cultivars at their germination stage (Khan et al., 2021). The wheat seeds were exposed to temperatures higher than optimum temperatures above 45 degrees to deduce the results for the above seeds (Holosna, 2021). Results show the damage to the seeds due to heat stress and the generation of ROS damaging both PS1 and P.S. 2. As the seeds also adapt to extreme temperatures, their proteins are damaged, an important part that forms plants defence mechanisms.

Effect of Extreme Temperatures on Wheat Seeds

Effects of heat stress on the growth of Wheat.

Fig 1. Shows effects of heat stress on the growth of Wheat.

International journal and Research publication of August 2020 reviewed the current achievements of seed priming on seed germination of higher plants in the adverse condition areas. There is the establishment of conditioned temperature and moisture parameters around the seeds where there are imbalances (Rehman et al., 2015). The method involved physiological control of hydration and temperature. The pre-terminative factors are manipulated to suit the wheat seed in adverse conditions for the required optimum temperatures and humidity (Johnes, 2018). The results are that seed priming adequately promotes rapid and uniform germination of wheat seedlings in Amy's environmental conditions. According to the research, seed priming techniques enhance the tolerance of crops to adverse environmental conditions hence potential strategy for wheat production.

The research I have noted above will seek to study the seed priming in Wheat. The analysis considers the processes induced by wheat seedlings to achieve the seed priming process. The research comparesWylkatchem and Young seeds to notice the two notable outcomes in seed priming.Wykaltchemis a heat-sensitive and young heat-tolerant wheat seed under controlled temperature and humidity conditions to assess its ability to grow into a better germinating wheat plant. We derive various data collection methods for seeds and experiments on the germination processes in the above seeds using the German seed technology portfolio (Khan et al., 2021). The research will analyze the findings and note the significant milestones in seed germination through seed priming.

The experiment process began from the first semester week to the end of semester 2. At this particular point, there will be a collection of conclusive data and submitting the project's final report with the analysis of the result done. The third week of the school calendar will involve the threshing of the harvested Wheat.

Budget

AUD$15,300 is enough to carry out the entire project as required and suggested.

Table 1 shows the funding to carry out our research

Item

Details

Amount estimated

Total

Personnel

Staff

Student

10000

5000

15,000

Transport&Miscellaneous

For deliveries and emergencies

$120

120

Equipment

Thresher

Plastic bags

Weighing Machine

Big Containers

$20

$30

$50

$100

200

The above research involves the collection of various wheat seeds, especially the Wykatchem and Young, threshing them and drying them equally, awaiting the processes of seed priming. The different wheat seeds are collected and put under similar conditions (sermon, 2022). Weighing the seeds is essential to ensure that they are the same weight as intended when exposed to agro-technological study.

There then follows actual agricultural experimentation, involving the exposure of the two types of seeds to the seed priming process with the main focus to establish the ability of seed priming to produce quality germinating wheat plants in question. This experiment involves treating the seeds to optimal temperatures at the peregrination stage and installing the required seed moisture introduced around the seed (sermon, 2022). The experiment exposes the nontolerant Wykaltchem to the controlled temperature treatment and moistures to the conditions necessary to ensure that the crops germinate. In another sample experiment of tolerant young normal conditions for germination of Wheat are allowed,

After that, the experimentation is assigned to two groups to observe three germinations of two seed samples under different exposure to germination conditions. One science group closely notes and takes data on the Wykaltchem setup and reports about the seed germination rate and, in this case, the processes of germination. The other group takes note of the germination of young wheat seed samples, acting as a control experiment for the study. The germination process is done In growth chambers for about fifteen days, after which details and data about the process of germination are taken. The germination is determined by estimating the velocity of germination in 15 days. There should be keen noticing of the germination process in the Wykaltchem and young seeds.

Findings and Conclusion

There are standard growth patterns by observation in Young wheat seeds as they tolerate the germination Conditions around them. There is average water intake and adjustments to available temperature, but eventually, the seeds germinate into wheat seedlings (sermon, 2022). However, there is imbalanced growth in the seeds in the experiment involving Youngseedlings.

Wykaltchem seedlings are non-tolerant. We induced controlled temperatures and moisture around the seeds, giving them the required growth conditions. The above process is seed priming. The seeds in the second experiment involved treatment. Therefore, the primed seeds exhibit a higher germination percentage, and the priming reagents do not display any differences. (Truman, 2021) The growth is uniform and recommended. Priming is therefore recommended for the development of Wheat. Thus, with seed priming of Wheat, there is the likelihood of more significant Wheat proceeds in volume.

Apple Australia, Sydney South, NSW, Australia

Coles Group Limited, Melbourne, VIC, Australia

Bunnings Australia, Hawthorn East, VIC, Australia

Microsoft Corporation, Humacao, Puerto Rico, United States America

References

Johnes. (2018). Seed Priming, A Re-discovered Old Method. Journal Of Soil And Plant Biology, 1(1).

https://doi.org/10.33513/jspb/1801-04


Hameed, A., Afzal, I., & Iqbal, N. (2019). Seed priming and salinity induced variations in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) leaf protein profile. Seed Science And Technology, 38(1), 236-241. https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2010.38.1.25


Hameed, A., Afzal, I., & Iqbal, N. (2019). Seed priming and salinity induced variations in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) leaf protein profile. Seed Science And Technology, 38(1), 236-241. https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2010.38.1.25


Barrero, J.M., Porfirio, L., Hughes, T., Chen, J., Dillion, S., Gubler, F., &Ral, J.F. (2020). Evaluation of the impact of the heat on the wheat dormancy, late matuarityα amylase, and grain size under controlled conditions in diverse germplasm. Scientific Reports, 10, Article 17800. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73707-8


Hameed, A., Afzal, I., & Iqbal, N. (2019). Seed priming and salinity induced variations in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) leaf protein profile. Seed Science And Technology, 38(1), 236-241. https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2010.38.1.25


Bita, C.E., &Gerats, T. (2013). Plants tolerance to high temperature in a changing environment: scientific fundamentals and production of heat-stress-tolerant crops. Frontiers in Plant Science. 4, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2013.00273


Fojtik. (2021). Growing the Future: The Debate over Agricultural Reconstruction in the Western Zones of Occupied Germany, 1945–1950. Agricultural History, 95(4), 609. https://doi.org/10.3098/ah.2021.095.4.609


Fojtik. (2021). Growing the Future: The Debate over Agricultural Reconstruction in the Western Zones of Occupied Germany, 1945–1950. Agricultural History, 95(4), 609. https://doi.org/10.3098/ah.2021.095.4.609


sermon. (2022). Seed Priming Technology as a Key Strategy to Increase Crop Plant Production under Adverse Environmental Conditions. Journal Of Agriculture And Horticulture Research, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.33140/jahr.05.01.04


Khan, N., Ray, R., Sargani, G., Ihtisham, M., Khayyam, M., & Ismail, S. (2021). Current Progress and Future Prospects of Agriculture Technology: Gateway to Sustainable Agriculture. Sustainability, 13(9), 4883. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094883


Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development Western Australia. (2021). Essentials for a successful wheat crop. https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/wheat/essentials-successful-wheat-crop


Grain Central. (2016, September 15). Reducing heat stress impact on wheat yield. https://www.graincentral.com/cropping/reducing-heat-stress-impact-on-wheat-yields/

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