$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!


Discuss about the Emploment and Unemployment ?

Answer :


Amongst the various macro-economic factors such as the supply and demand chain equilibrium, employment and unemployment, inflation in a country, the performance of banks etc, employment and unemployment is one of the most important macro-economic factors which has a great impact on the economy of a country. Before analysing how employment and unemployment as an economic indicator determines the economic conditions of a country, it is very important to understand about these factors.

Thus a situation when an individual is looking for a job but is unable to find one is termed as unemployment. It determines how an economy of a country is performing. The unemployment rate of a country is used as a measurement scale. It is basically the number of unemployed individuals divided by the total number of people who are a part of the labour force of a country. Thus it can be rightly said that in any country the entire workforce can be divided into three categories namely employed, unemployed and those not a part of the labour force i.e. still not eligible to work. In this report we will basically discuss how the employment and unemployment rate changes in any country during various periods ranging between 2000 to 2013 wherein there has been a time period for expansion of firms, recession as well as a period wherein the economic conditions were just average (Bertoni, & Ricchiuti, 2014). In this report we will be discussing about how has the economy of Egypt been affected due to the employment and unemployment conditions prevailing over a period of 2000 to 2013.


Egypt is one country whose unemployed rate has always been averaging at around 10.83 percent from 1993 to 2016, just to report a record low of 8.10 percent in the second quarter of 1999. Egypt has always been a low middle income country. The poverty rates in the said country are found to be as high as 60 percent in rural Upper Egypt. The main section of the country which is unemployed is the women and the young generation. Further to this, the infrastructural development of Egypt is unable to cope up with the increasing population of the country. Due to this the economic development has slowed down considerably and the country is looking for further reforms which would help to improvise the conditions of the population.

The graph below indicates the unemployment rate of Egypt for a short period between 2014 January to 2017 January, portraying the actual situation of the recent past.

                                                                           Source: 2017

The August 2015 data clearly reveals that the unemployment rate of the Country has fallen to 12.5 percent however it has not made any significant improvement amongst the conditions of the younger generation. The youth unemployment rate of Egypt was as high as 42 percent in 2014 as per the data released by ILO ( 2016).

The main characteristics of the labour market of Egypt are high employment rates within the job seekers who are very well educated, the labour market becoming informal, the scale of dominance is shifting from public sector to private sector, low levels of labour productivity and dearth of skilled labour force which are unable to match up with the requirements of the economy which would help to become more competitive and globalised (Ibrahim, 2013).

The unemployment structure in Egypt mainly comprises of youth below the age of 30. Unemployment is directly proportionate to the number. The main reason is high dependency in the public sector wherein people know that they are sure to secure a job after graduation but the only issue is the wait time of around 1-3 years before being placed somewhere in the public segment (Levine, 2013). Furthermore, those who are not educated, cannot become a part of this segment and hence are generally engaged in doing some casual job or do some sort of a small self employed work to sustain a living.


Gender discrimination has been one of the other main reason behind such an unemployment rate in the Egyptian Labour Market. There are a large number of women work force which are unemployed and those who have a job are not paid as per their qualification. Unfortunately the said distance and discrimination has been increasing (Assaad, & Arntz 2005). The unemployment rate of Egypt has reached at such an alarming rate simply due to reasons such as from the supply side the rate at which the population is growing but the income level is falling. However on the demand side, the economic growth rate of the country was a very big help for the country’s employment and unemployment issues. The growth rate which was around 5-6% during the period 1999/2000 had seen a sharp fall during the shocks of September 2011. However by 2007/2008 it had again regained to around 7%. Unfortunately the global financial crisis of 2008 which had hit the entire world, dipped the GDP to 4.1% due to a decline in the tourism earnings of the country.

The graph below clearly reveals the unemployment rate being the highest amongst the university graduates and those who have achieved only intermediate level of education.

                                                       FIGURE 1: Unemployment distribution in 2013 –education and gender wise.

                                                                                        Source: CAPMAS 2014

The country was worst hit by the 2011 revolution which had a pessimistic reaction over the country’s GDP which fell to 1.8% in 2011. It eve had a drastic impact on the unemployment rate of the country which touched to 12%. From the above intervention about the employment and unemployment of Egypt it is very evident that there are some differences between the actual meaning and reasons of unemployment than what is stated in our theories. Unemployment has taken an unexpected toll over the economic conditions of the country wherein the maximum population is below poverty line (Malec 2016). The reforms made are not clearly spelt out and rolled out in the public.


From the past two decades now, the unemployment rate in Egypt has been fluctuating between 8% and 12%. The government’s main agenda for the upliftment of the Egyptian economy also comprises of unemployment issues. Since the unemployment figures are in double digits, therefore the policy makers have realised that the country is in deep trouble. As per the Egyptian Labour Market Survey, the unemployment rate increased to such an extent that it became difficult for the economy to absorb he increasing number of new labourers entering the market each day seeking for work. The economy is facing dual challenge with regards the employment and unemployment. Firstly, it is unable to provide jobs to a population of six lacs every year and secondly there is a mismatch in the quality of the labour force between the one supplied and the one demanded by the corporates. The mismatch is so much that as per the 2006 statistics the educational qualifications and the demand for labour has contributed to a greater amount of unemployment amongst the youth wherein women unemployment rate is 45% and that of males is 25% (Amin 2014).

FIGURE 2: Unemployment and GDP development-chain indices, Source: CAPMAS 2014, FAO 2014

The figure 2, above clearly shows that there is some difference and lag due to which the GDP growth s delayed by one year and dependent upon the growth in the employment force.

One of the most sought after method to deal with the ever rising issue of unemployment in Egypt would be the intervention of the Government. Thus in the year 2009, the government had set up a strategy to increase the number of jobs in the country by investing in providing high-end education to the youth of Egypt, managing the energy consumption and pollution control techniques and investing in higher level of research and development programs. However apart from these strategies, even then the unemployment rate increased to 13.2% in 2013 from 9% in 2010, thus making it clear that the policies spelt out by the government was not implemented in the right manner.

Thus on a concluding note it can be rightly said that one of the biggest hurdle towards the economic development of a country is unemployment specifically for the developing countries such as Egypt whose economy has become highly volatile full of challenges for the government to deal with. Unfortunately there is a greater imbalance between the supply and demand and more so is the imbalance in the quality of the labour available and that demanded for. Thus due to this mismatch the present university pass-outs are all jobless as they lack the required skills and those organizations who need labour are also unable to match the available supply with their desires. Taking a note of the said imbalance, the government will have to introduce reforms and strategies so as to be able to deal with the severity of the situation.



Assaad, R., & Arntz, M. (2005), Constrained geographical mobility and gendered labor market outcomes under structural adjustment: Evidence from Egypt. World Development, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 431-454

Amin, G. (2014), Egypt Country Report: Policies and Mechanisms for Integration into the Workforce and Job Creation. Egypt Country Report for the 2014 Ministerial Conference on Youth Employment. Available at: (Accessed on 13th March 2017).

Bertoni,E., & Ricchiuti,G., (2014). A Multilevel Analysis Of the Unemployment in Egypt. Available at (Accessed 13th March 2017)

Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS), (2014). Available at: (Accessed on 13th March 2017).

Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2014. Available at: (Accessed on 13th March 2017)

Ibrahim, M.A., (2013). The Determinants of Private Sector Demand for Employment in Egypt :1990-2007. Advances in Management & Applied Economics. 1. Pp. 163-182. Available at (Accessed 13th March 2017)

Levine, L., (2013), Economic Growth and the Unemployment Rate. Available at (Accessed 13th March 2017)

Malec, K., Gouda, S., Kuzmenko, E., Soleimani, D., Rezbova, H., & Sanova, P., (2016). Gross Domestic Product Development and Employment in Egypt (2000-2013). International Journal of Economic and Financial Issues. Vol.6, no.1, pp. 199-206 (2016). Egypt’s unemployment rate dips to 12.5 percent in Q2 – stats agency. Available at (Accessed 13th March 2017) (2017). Egypt Unemployment Rate. Available at (Accessed on 13th March 2017)

Download Sample

Get 100% money back after download, simply upload your unique content* of similar no. of pages or more. We verify your content and once successfully verified 100% value credited to your wallet within 7 days.

Upload Unique Document

Document Under Evaluation

Get Credits into Your Wallet

*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as unique.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Emplotment And Unemployment . Retrieved from

"Emplotment And Unemployment ." My Assignment Help, 2018,

My Assignment Help (2018) Emplotment And Unemployment [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 13 July 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Emplotment And Unemployment ' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <> accessed 13 July 2020.

My Assignment Help. Emplotment And Unemployment [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 13 July 2020]. Available from: is the only dissertation service provider in Australia that provides cheap dissertation help while maintaining all quality standards. Hence, students, from various Australian cities prefer taking dissertation help from us. Sydney, Brisbane, Perth and Melbourne rank to when it comes to availing dissertation writing assistance from Our dissertation writers, editors and experts work together to provide students highest quality dissertation help solutions. buy dissertation online from to acquire the final degree without any hassle.

Latest Economics Samples

SBLC4004 Economics For Business Specification

Download : 0 | Pages : 11
  • Course Code: SBLC4004
  • University: University Of Wales Trinity Saint David
  • Country: United Kingdom

Answer: Introduction The analysis of housing market of UK is an interesting aspect for several reasons. Housing market in UK holds a pivotal position in the economy. As compared to other European nations UK has a much higher owner occupation rate. In 2011, UK’s owner occupation rate was 70% as compared to a rate of 45% in Germany and 56% in France. The housing price in UK has constituted a steady upward trend in the last few years. The ...

Read More arrow Tags: United Kingdom London Management Business & corporate finance University of London 

ECF3120 Consumer Economics

Download : 0 | Pages : 7
  • Course Code: ECF3120
  • University: Monash University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Background of the study The topic for the proposal is the apparel consumption in Australia. The rise in online apparel retailing is taking away the profits of the local retail apparel shops in Australia. The apparel retail comprise of the sale of women’s, men’s and infant’s wear. The revenue growth from the online retail business is about 15.1 percent which is a threat for the local retailers as customers are shiftin...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 6 Consumer Economics Monash University 

HI5003 Economics For Business 34

Download : 0 | Pages : 3

Answer: 1. (A) Name of point B is inefficient. Name of point A is efficient. Name of point D is unattainable. 10 units of machinery is the opportunity cost of producing 10, 000 more tons of rice when the economy of Nepal is operating at point T. (B) (B1) Discovery of fertilizer would increase the output of rise given the amount of other things will take the economy of Nepal to PPF2. (B2) Discovery of steel would increase the production of ...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 6 economics for business Holmes Institute 

POLI1095 Evidence Policy And Practice

Download : 0 | Pages : 6
  • Course Code: POLI1095
  • University: Royal Melbourne Institute Of Technology
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Impact of COVID-19 on the Australian economy Australia is renowned as the fourteenth largest economy in the world that has the total Gross Domestic Product of about 1.69 trillion Australian dollars in 2019. It follows a mixed market economy which is one of the most developed in the world. The economy has already faced an economic loss due to the bush fire that took place in the beginning of 2020 and had been struggled to balance its e...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 6 Evidence  Policy and Practice Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology 

MAE203 The Global Economy

Download : 0 | Pages : 6

Answer: 1a.   Figure 1: Trend in monthly cash rate in Australia (Source: 2020) The trend in monthly cash rate target of Australia shows that there is an overtime declining trend. In order to give the economy necessary stimulus through monetary policy, Reserve Bank of Australia continuously lowered the cash rate with cash rate declines sharply from 14.00 in August 1990 to 0.75 in January 2020. RBA adjusted the cash rate with...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 6 the global economy Deakin university 

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

248 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Lloyd Bernabe

MSc in Accounting

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2109 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emma Zhong

Ph.D in Project Management with Specialization in Project Communications Management

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

93 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Jackson Mitchell

MiM (Masters in Management) in Supply Chain Management

New Jersey, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

154 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Harold Alderete

PhD in Economics

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

The paper was well written, although there some changes needed to be made , overall im satisfied.


User Id: 438520 - 13 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

It was a perfect work. Nice analysis and organized. I also appreciate that they were very fast.


User Id: 341163 - 13 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating



User Id: 234292 - 12 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Always fast and efficient. They seem to care about delivering good work to the students. My powerpoint was nice and well put. I will continue to use your services.


User Id: 451381 - 12 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?