Climate change is becoming increasingly serious throughout the world. There are various factors which contribute to this change, but many scientists and researchers argue that carbon emissions are one the main causes. In an attempt to globally combat these emissions, an International Climate Change Agreement was held in Paris in 2016, at which Australia and many other countries agreed to reduce their carbon output. As a result, the Australian Government has set a Renewable Energy Target (RET) to implement the guidelines for carbon reduction. This climate change solution must be tackled internationally if it is to be successful.
According to Pachauri et al (2014, pp-53) Changes in many extreme weather and climate events have been observed since about 1950. Some of these changes have been linked to human influences, including a decrease in cold temperature extremes, an increase in warm temperature extremes, an increase in extreme high sea levels and an increase in the number of heavy precipitation events in a number of regions. The climate change is a topic scientists are becoming increasingly concerned. Shaftel (2018) defines, “Climate change refers to a broad range of global phenomena created predominantly by burning fossil fuels, which add heat-trapping gases to Earth’s atmosphere. These phenomena include the increased temperature trends described by global warming, but also encompass changes such as sea level rise; ice mass loss in Greenland, Antarctica, the Arctic and mountain glaciers worldwide; shifts in flower/plant blooming; and extreme weather events” There are countries who are taking required actions to reduce the factors influencing climate change however, there are also existing states who are contributing more and more each day to climate change. According to climate scientist, the major reason for the climatic change is the expansion of greenhouse effect by humans (Bulkeley, 2014). The emission of the harmful gases is warming the planet when the atmosphere is trapping the heat. The contribution is from humans and therefore it is the responsibility of the humans to act in eliminating or reducing the causes of climate change.
The theory of global warming: The theory of global warming has three basic key factors. Firstly, on planet earth, the natural green house is being disturbed by human activities. It has been noted that the burning of the fossil fuel such has coal and oil has increased over the last century resulting to increased concentration of carbon dioxide in nature. Also, burning of forests to seek more land for the purpose of agriculture, industry and other human activities has fueled the process of climate change. Although the consequences of natural atmospheric greenhouse change are hard to predict, scientists have some evaluated effects. Secondly, the planet as a whole will become warmer and regions with colder temperature are likely to become warmer. The warmer condition including the ocean, will release more evaporation resulting to unnatural rainfall and climate change. Thirdly, global warming will have harmful impact on people. The strongest impact would be on the glaciers where the ices will melt followed by the after effect of rising sea level. The warming in the atmosphere including ocean and land will have severe effect on crop growing and animal habitat (Hansen et al. 2016). Several crops will respond favorably to the increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and some might respond negatively. There will be serious damage to the food chain since several animals might not be able to cope with the changed atmosphere.
Australian government is one of those concerned state who are taking the initiative to address climate change and ensure security and affordability. It has begun with policies and program for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and adapts the changes of the climate. It has incentive plans for the businesses and industries that are brainstorming to create smart and innovative practices and technologies. It is helping the farmers in agriculture to do the same. It is helping the local government and communities to adopt efficient practices to adapt climate change and changes in household by bringing energy efficiency goods.
It is not only Australia but also other countries that are well aware of the consequences of climate change. However, there need to be a serious awareness campaigns all around the globe as it is not a minor problem and needs global attention. The developed countries need to create innovative ways to reduce its emission and the developing countries need to use energy efficient tools and adapt to the climate change.
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The two in-text references that have been chosen here are for the reason they are relevant and reliable source. One of the references is an authorized website of NASA that provided information regarding the topic and the other reference is the book on climatic change. The references are related to the topic “climate change” that I was asked to do. References are important to successful research. It gives evidence that the written information is valid and the original source can be found if the readers wish. Also, it helps the research gaining authenticity. The purpose of using in-text referencing here is also to give credit to the original authors and to show respect to the intellectuals that has helped in gaining knowledge regarding the topic assigned.
Bulkeley, H., 2014. Sustainable cities and climate change. Retrieved June, 12, p.2014.
Hansen, J., Sato, M., Hearty, P., Ruedy, R., Kelley, M., Masson-Delmotte, V., Russell, G., Tselioudis, G., Cao, J., Rignot, E. and Velicogna, I., 2016. Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: evidence from paleoclimate data, climate modeling, and modern observations that 2 C global warming could be dangerous. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(6), pp.3761-3812.
Pachauri, R.K., Allen, M.R., Barros, V.R., Broome, J., Cramer, W., Christ, R., Church, J.A., Clarke, L., Dahe, Q., Dasgupta, P. and Dubash, N.K., 2014. Climate change 2014: synthesis report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (p. 151). IPCC.
Shaftel, Holly, 2018, "What’S In A Name? Weather, Global Warming And Climate Change". Global Climate Change: Vital Signs Of The Planet, retrieved from: https://climate.nasa.gov/resources/global-warming/. Accessed: 2 Sep 2018.