Annotated Bibliography: 1
Pambudi, Rudy Tri, and Maryadi. M. A. Figurative Language Used In Robert Frost’s Poems. Diss. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2016.
The poem entitled ‘Fire And Ice’ by Robert Frost written in 1920 was enthused by Dante’s Inferno, Canto 32 which was his first book of his 14th century Divine Comedy. I have used this poem because it is one of the most well known poems of Robert Frost.
Robert Frost uses a bespoke version of rhyming scheme known as terza rima, which was invented by Dante. The poem is written in a combination of iambic tetrameter and iambic dimeter which gives the poem a rising feeling. The tone is casual but the subject matter is serious. In the poem, the author opines that the world can end with one of two ways, either with fire or ice or through desire and hate. Everybody is aware of the fact that the world will end but nobody knows how the world shall end. This poem tends to posit fire and ice, or fire or ice as the likely causes behind the end of the world. The fire symbolizes desire, which is reflective of passion. Ice on other hand reflects hate, which is reason. Therefore, according to the poet, those who move away from the constructive life through reason were termed as worst wrongdoers who ended up in a lake of ice. In either way, the world’s end will be brought about by the multitude of emotional energies by human beings. (Roberts, Robert, Darlene, 98). Pambudi and Maryadi (2016) opines that the poem focuses on the imagery of death and discusses in extrinsic and intrinsic elements of death.
Annotated Bibliography: 2
Damanhuri, M. "Imagery and figurative language analysis on Robert Frost's poems to earthward and wind and window flower." (2012).
In his book entitled, ‘Imagery and Figurative Language Analysis on Robert Frosts Poems: To Earthward and Wind and Window Flower.’ Damanhuri focuses entirely on the aspect of intrinsic elements as used in the poem. He analyses the use of figurative language that is used by Robert Frost in his work (Lombardo, 100). He uses the theory of imagery by analyzing different structures of the poem. Damanhuri has indicated the use of the technique of Parallelism, which is portrayed in the lines, “Some say the world will end in fire, Some say in ice”. Through this analysis of Parallelism, Damanhuri refers to the figurative language used by Robert Frost.
Lombardo, Nicholas E. The logic of desire: Aquinas on emotion. CUA Press, 2011.
O'Brien, Timothy D. "Prospects for the Study of Robert Frost." Resources for American Literary Study (2014): 3-28.
Roberts, Edgar V., Robert Zweig, and Darlene Stock Stotler. "An Introduction to Reading and Writing." (2012).
Wulandari, Agustin Evin. Figurative languages used In Robert Frost’s selected poems. Diss. Universitas Negeri Islam Maulana Malik Ibrahim, 2015.