Allen Ginsberg was one of the renowned names of his generation and the ideas that he intends to show the issue in the society. The poem takes a deep plunge into the ideologies of the society of the time and questions the issues that plague the society. The poem has a sense of morose and a sad tone. The format of the poem is the catalogue format and the tone elegiac. The elegiac tone of the poem talks about the different issues that the individuals face in the society. The poet catalogues the different problems faced by the society due to the oppression and the oppressive state of the situations in the society (Van: pp - 15). The issues that were in the society at the time were the effect of a number of cultural setbacks in the society. The poet implicates the cultural degradation in the society has reached its epitome in the contemporary society leading to a number of issues among the psyche of the youth.
The hatred against the society is one of the most common attributes in the society. There are a number of issues that is faced by the society due to the constricted norms. The common people in the society are constantly trying to rise above the binding norms in the society due to the issues that plague the society. The poet takes the influence of the contemporary problems in his expression and shows the depth to which the society has degraded. One of the major issues in this context is the fact that the different individuals in the society are affected by the overall repressive state of affairs and tend to be affected by the issues that are created in the society. The work is analysis of the situation and the scenarios in the society. One of the issues pointed out by the author is the mechanized and the robotic lifestyle of the people clearly unaffected by the intricacies of human psychology. The poem takes into account the overall socio-political scenario of the society because of which the sadness and the darkness is well presented in the society (Van 2012: pp – 28). The lack of the situations in which the people can perform in the society and constant regressive state of melancholy, socially and politically is affecting the development of the society. The poet takes a strong stance against the capitalism and the ideology of the nationhood in the society. The poem takes a strong stand in the context of the religious and the mythological ideals in the society. The work of the poet takes into consideration the aspects relating to the situations and the ways in which the society was affected the population. The imagery is presented in the poem take a deep plunge into the various mythologies and the works of previous authors. This poem has been seen as a song of imitation of Eliot wasteland where the poet presents the society becoming a wasteland of it and gradually deteriorating to and extends beyond repair. There were situations in the poem which should the the difference of human psyche and the life that the people were willing to live. Religion and the philosophies are virtual as eminent inhibitors to the success of human society (Tytell: pp – 636). The poet states that all the ideologies were used to feed capitalism and replace the human in the society which was making it was depressing. The development of the poem gradually shows that the youth wants to achieve freedom by breaking of the laws in the society.
They tend to do that by the abusive use of narcotics and engaging in sex. These three pins who were known as the outcast of the society were actually seeing the pain and suffering and work mode by it therefore they could not ascribe themselves to the laws and norms of the society. The time of the writing of the poem which was in its late 50 was a time of Rapid industrialization and growth in the society. In the constant price of developing it's all the countries were overlooking the basic human nature that used to be subscribed to in order to maintain a Sustainable Society which was presented out by the poet. According to Ginsberg, in the people’s desire to succeed and make more money they are losing basic human nature and the intricacies which make us enjoy life. He is strictly against the modern form of entertainment and the lifestyle let the people are following which is gradually tending to be antisocial. People are more dependent on televisions and radius for entertainment rather than social interactions and the in their mean time spend their lives making more and more money to feed their leisurely lifestyle. The language which is very open and the blank verse format used by the poet helps him to convey his ideas and the ideas flow in kind of stream of consciousness format where the ideals just appear in from one to another and there is a constantly and floor among them. Reading from various topics like religion society and politics and literature Ginsberg thinks that the society will only be able to redeem itself if they choose to live a completely different lifestyle and give up their present choices which are very harsh towards the people living in the society.
In his work refers to various Gods and profits like Mohammad Jesus and Moloch which is also a representation of ideological dependence on the society on the religion and they are not thinking with their logical self while formulating ideas on their own. The world of this work has become a nightmare of a society with starvation Chaos and people dying for various reasons. The author and his friends used to rise beyond this and their present at the nakedness and the blood in the society presented by the drugs and the narcotics are the only escape and that is why the youth are gradually being attracted to it. In an attempt to present are hatred and the love for transcendence from the American culture the author portrays the different images which stand out in the poem (Raskin: pp – 23). The poet challenges the society which gives birth to children but is not able to sustain them as they do not have the resources and questions the authority of giving birth if there is no sustenance. The social outcast that the poet presents as the reverse of the society are in them is very complex individuals they consist of the Breakers of the rules of the society in forms of sexuality nurture and ideals. The hippies were sexually open and practiced homosexuality in an attempt to offend the American Society which was way too ahead. Ginsberg on the other hand presents the idea of acceptance of them in the society as they may be a diversion from the society but they are a part of society itself which the society has failed to nurture and accept within themselves. The poet and the poem with comparing their unlimited rivers in terms of traditions and Customs with the rebirth of the Christ and therefore Legend poetic and to the imageries and the realism presented in the poem. The poem therefore in itself is a multiple layered work of literature which takes into account the multifarious parts of the society culture traditions and the customs along with their ideology and norms which it brings in the society and creates problems to the ones who are different from the social customs.
Raskin, Jonah. American scream: Allen Ginsberg's Howl and the making of the Beat Generation. Univ of California Press, 2006.
Tytell, John. "An Emotional Time Bomb: Allen Ginsberg's “Howl” at 60." The Antioch Review 73.4 (2015): 636-646.
Van Engen, Dagmar. "Howling Masculinity: Queer Social Change in Allen Ginsberg’s Poetry." Gender, Sexuality and Urban Spaces: Conference 2011, Working Papers Collection. 2012.