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Question:

Discuss about facts about asylum, violence against the women and girls in UK and discrimination in the work?

 

Answer:

Introduction

Equality before the Law, or in other words equality in the eyes of the law states that principle under which all the people are equal in the eyes of the law. According to Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every person is equal in the eyes of the law. No discrimination will be there for any individual. Equal protection is available for every person. It does not matter what region, caste, or creed they belong. Every single person is equal in the eyes of the law. One of the main principles of liberalism is the equality before the law. The law does not give protection to the people based on their standard that is whether they are rich or poor, living in a bungalow or under the bridge. Equal protection and rights are available for every section of the people. Equal rights are available for every single person.

Discussion:

On the other hand, there are certain circumstances where equality is not shown.  The most importantly the asylum seekers if they get the facilities as a non-citizen in U.K or not.  If a person is at a threat of being persecuted in their own country, they may go to any other country or abroad to be settled for work (Allsopp and Phillimore 2014). Granting of asylum means giving a person the permission to remain in any other country due to the threat of persecution. Whereas in the terms of law, a person who had requested for asylum in the UK and were waiting for getting the decision of that application, is called an Asylum Seeker (Benenson 2013). Therefore, the person who has received a positive response on the claim he or she had made is called a refugee (Blinder 2014). The right of claiming asylum is in the International Law. It is the duty of the Government to provide protection to the people who completed the criteria for the asylum seekers. The United States has signed those International Laws and, therefore, they are a part of the United Kingdom Legislation. There are also some Asylum Seekers who enter the country illegally. However, once applied for Asylum will no longer be termed illegal. If a person wants protection, he or she has to stay in UK for getting a decision on their claim (Girma et.al 2014).

Facts about Asylum:

  • Asylum Seekers and the Refugees are the citizens abide by the law that is the maximum numbers of people are the law-binding people- There is always a fear among the people about the police. If they face any kind of harassment, they have a fear of reporting to the policy (Blinder 2014). They have the fear of being arrested, as they are not the citizens (Haith-Cooper and Bradshaw 2013). They might be put behind the bars and may be deported (Refugee Action Report on Destructive Asylum seekers 2006). In the National and the International laws, there are several distinctions made between the asylum seekers and the refugees, between the legal and illegal economic growths, travellers and minority citizens (Sheehan 2013). On the other hand, the officers who are in the charge of immigration have the power to hold the asylum seekers in spite of the fact that they had not done any kind of crime.
  • The refugees make a huge contribution to the UK- The immigrant, which includes the refugees, in compare to the UK born counterparts, pays more into the public purse.  Around 1200 qualified medical refugees are being recorded on the British Medical Associations Database. Therefore, in order to support such refugee’s doctors to practise in UK, a cost of £25000 had been estimated. On the other hand, in order to train a new doctor, that also costs between £2000, 000 and £250,000. The asylum seekers children give a very positive contribution to the schools, which are across the country.
  • The Asylum Seekers are looking for a safety place- in UK, there is nothing as illegal or bogus Asylum seeker. Under the International Law, every person has the right to claim for Asylum in any of the country that has signed the 1951 Convention and can remain in that country until the claim got approved or disapproved. There is no notion in the International Law that the refugees must claim Asylum to the first country they reach. The European Regulation also states the country like Europe can return an adult Asylum Seeker to the very first country they have reached.

Therefore, there are several inequalities in the legal system. All such are because of some of the incidents, which the asylum seekers had faced.

Gender Equality is one of the important facts that the UK remains to strive towards, but the opportunity given to the women is still not clear. There always remains a lack of the vital role for the women in the economy.

 

Violence against the Women and Girls in UK:

  • In the country like the United Kingdom on an average two women are being killed either by their violent partners (Boudet et. al 2013).
  • The black and the migrated women in UK experience a lot of domestic Homicide.
  • Over three million women and girls of UK experience many kinds of violence each year like stalking, rape, domestic Violence and many more (Fagan et. al 2012).
  • Out of three girls, at least, one girl had faced sexual touching in school.
  • An Average of 60,000 women in England and in the Wales had the topic to Female Genital Mutilation (FGN) and out of that, 24,000 girls were in danger in 2007(Karamessini and Rubery 2013).

Women and Work –difference in the pay gap:

  • It was estimated that a mother who is working is not present most of the time at the workplace, and so there is a reduction in the wages. At least, there is always a reduction of 5% from the actual.
  • Through the survey, it had been found that 70% of the people in the minimum job wages are women

Discrimination in the work:

  • Out of 100 companies, only 17% of the Board of Directors is women.
  • On an average 30,000 of the women are being sacked because of their pregnant matter and their promotions are being passed to other because of this fact.
  • It was also found that the UK would gain up to £23 billion if they apply the skills of the women in their business or any other sectors.

Women’s right, which includes the right to get free from the any kind of discrimination, are generally the basic human rights that the government have the right to protect(Roberts 2013). The Human Rights of Women, which includes the equality, which should not be discriminated.  In 2010 a new Equality Act which brings together series of legislation into a single act, which focuses, to the protection of the women and opportunity for all. This includes giving proper fields of working with the women, which results in employment. The discrimination of the women in the private clubs. The protection of pregnant women should also be seen.

 Recommendation:

            There should always be equal rights and laws available for both men and women. The government should not make any discrimination between the men and women(McKay et.al 2013). Proper grounds of employment should be given to the women. The law should be prepared in such a way that the women should get all the opportunities keeping all their problems aside. The law should give protection to the women who are sexually harassed or had been stalked. Strict rules should be prepared for the persons who had committed such crimes. Through the surveys of UK, it was found that taking the decisions of the women in the work leads to profit. They are the stairs to get success in the field of work.

Conclusion:

            In the eyes of Law, everyone should be equal. The law must work for the people. Like the problem of unemployment should be solved. If the youth of the country are not getting proper fields of working, then how the country’ economy will be improved. There must be new fields where the freshers can work. No discrimination should be made on the ground of caste, creed, sex and religion. On the other hand, equal opportunities should also be given to the women of the society. There must be the same field given to the women like the men. Discrimination should not be made. It was found throughout the survey that the companies had gained profits when they taken the decisions and the work of the women. There must be equal rights in the companies for both the men and women. The law does not believe in inequality.

 

References:

Allsopp, J., Sigona, N. and Phillimore, J., 2014. Poverty among refugees and asylum seekers in the UK: An evidence and policy review (No. 1). IRiS Working Paper Series.

Benenson, J.F., 2013. The development of human female competition: allies and adversaries. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 368(1631), p.20130079.

Blinder, S., 2014. Migration to the UK: Asylum. Migration Observatory Briefings.) Oxford: COMPAS.

Boudet, A.M.M., Petesch, P., Turk, C. and Thumala, A., 2013. On norms and agency: Conversations about gender equality with women and men in 20 countries. World Bank Publications.

Fagan, C., Menéndez, M.G. and Ansón, S.G. eds., 2012. Women on corporate boards and in top management: European trends and policy. Palgrave Macmillan.

Girma, M., Radice, S., Tsangarides, N. and Walter, N., 2014. Detained: Women asylum seekers locked up in the UK. Women for Refugee Women

Haith-Cooper, M. and Bradshaw, G., 2013. Meeting the health and social needs of pregnant asylum seekers; midwifery students’ perspectives. Part 3; The pregnant woman within the global context; an inclusive model for midwifery education to address the needs of recently arrived migrant women in the UK.

Haith-Cooper, M., 2014. An evaluation of a family health programme for newly arrived asylum seekers living in an initial accommodation centre in Northern England

Karamessini, M. and Rubery, J., 2013. Women and austerity: The economic crisis and the future for gender equality (Vol. 11). Routledge

McKay, A., Campbell, J., Thomson, E. and Ross, S., 2013. Economic recession and recovery in the UK: What's gender got to do with it?. Feminist Economics, 19(3), pp.108-123.

Roberts, H., 2013. Doing feminist research. Routledge.

Sheehan, K., 2013. Support for asylum seekers in Ireland 2013 survey results

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