Discuss about the Essay Outline for the Problem of Other Minds.
Carruthers (2013) suggest that the problem of the other minds majorly focus on the challenges in the understanding of the mentality that might vary from person to person. The following essay deals with the philosophical problems that are related to the problem of the mind, the major concern of the philosophical sceptics. The concerned paper discusses the views that were presented by the eminent philosopher John Stuart Mills. The assignment attempts a study on the fact that is related to the matters pertaining to the functionality of the minds of people as identified by other people who have been surrounding them.
The paragraph deals with the epistemological problem as well as the conceptual problem. The epistemological problem is to be defined at the beginning of the paragraph. The definition of the conceptual problem should follow thereafter. Birks and Mills (2015) opine that the conceptual problem is majorly highlighted in order to bring forth the solution to the problems that are posed by the epistemological factors that are involved within the study of the various factors that are related to the study of the minds of the other people. The state of mind of people might be understood extremely well by the people who tend to surround them. The concerned people are known to have been consciously aware of the various stages that they might go through in their daily course of life. The theories further suggest that the people might have a knowledge on the various matters that pertain to the daily activities of the other person but might fail to have knowledge on the matters that pertain to the mental health of the concerned person. According to Overgaard (2013), the epistemological issue is raised among the people due to the problems created by the asymmetrical understanding of the various factors that pertain to the psychology of the human beings. The non-receipt of the proper knowledge on the matters pertaining to the understanding of the other humans might pose to be a greater trouble for the concerned human being therefor leading to the epistemological problems. Mills further suggests that the concerned person might face a problem in the matters that pertain to the understanding of the mental state of the people surrounding the concerned person rather than having a better understanding of the mental state of the concerned person himself. The example cited by the experts state that the concerned person might have an idea of the fact that pain is experienced by the concerned person but might not be able to assess the ways in which the person affected by pain has been suffering. Thus, the state of problems might arise due to the fact that the person might possess he knowledge on his own state of mind but might not have access to the factors that are related to the state of mind as experienced by the other people.
This paragraph deal with the factors that pertain to the conceptual problem. The conceptual problems encountered by the human beings are known to be based on the fact that the concerned person might try to analyse the mental state of the people in his surroundings based on the mental state and the feelings that he has been experiencing. The conceptual problem is known to have arisen during the conditions wherein the concerned person might attempt to experience the state of mind faced by some other person without actually being in that state.
The paragraph would deal with the factors that pertain to the solutions that according to Broad (2014) were provided by the eminent philosopher John Stuart Mill. Mill had suggested that the problem of the other minds might be solved through the various analogical inferences that are related to the other minds. Gallagher & Zahavi (2013) opined that the solution that was provided by the philosopher meant to encourage the belief that all the people present within the concerned area shared the same mind. The others however, argue that the concerned solution might not be effective in the real-life scenario since not all people would react in the similar manner in a given situation. Mill (2015) tends to state that the concerned person might assume a similarity in the mental state of the people surrounding him due to the similarity in the external features of the concerned person.
The solution that was provided by the eminent philosopher on the matters that pertain to the problem of the other minds is estimated to be agreeable by the members of the concerned community. The other experts suggest that the question might exist on the factors that pertain to the ability of the human mind and not the presence of the mind of the person.
Birks, M., & Mills, J. (2015). Grounded theory: A practical guide. Sage.
Broad, C. D. (2014). The mind and its place in nature. Routledge.
Carruthers, P. (2013). Introducing Persons: Theories and Arguments in the Philosophy of the Mind. Routledge.
Gallagher, S., & Zahavi, D. (2013). The phenomenological mind. Routledge.
Mill, J. S. (2015). On Liberty, Utilitarianism, and other essays. Oxford University Press, USA.
Overgaard, S. (2013). Wittgenstein and other minds: Rethinking subjectivity and intersubjectivity with Wittgenstein, Levinas, and Husserl. Routledge.