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Classical Rhetoric

Discuss about the Essays on Plato and Aristotle System.

The understanding of the different usage patterns of the language and speech along with its different tools to affect the psyche of the psyche of the listener in the favor of the speaker is known as study of persuasion. The concept of persuasion comes from age old tradition of the people taking into account the different aspects of the use of persuasion as the ode of language for the development of the different ideals among the different people in the society. The usage of persuasion as the rhetoric in language takes into account the sage of the different reasons, beliefs, values, and emotions to convince a listener or reader to think or act in a particular way (Burg, 2011). The art of persuasion is considered extremely important in a number of fields of work and to be applies on an array of situations in the society. The different types of persuasion used in the different types of work are deliberative, judicial, and epideictic Persuasion is to influence a number of ideological behaviors in the society. The different aspects relating to the art of persuasion help in the assessment of effective communication and influencing the ideology of the person or the society. The art of persuasion and rhetoric had been defined by Aristotle as an art of influencing and affecting people. The different aspects of the rhetoric of persuasion in the philosophy of the different ages have been changing through time. The influence of the persuasive speech is focused on the ideological influence it has on the different parts of the society. The art of persuasion plays a major role in the modern polity and the advertising and marketing sector of the different societies. The art of persuasion through oratory skills uses a number of words that are influential in meddling with the mind of the audience. The art of persuasive speaking also focuses using imageries and examples to sway the mind of the audience in the favor of the orator. The visuals form of the persuasion uses body language and the different positive and negative skills to appeal to the mindset of the different people in the society (German, 2010). The art of persuasion can also be said as the smart use of the words and the ideologies to have audience side with the spoken opinion or ideology.

The classical rhetoric is seen as the combination of persuasion and argumentation to influence a number of people in the society. The classical rhetoric formulated by 3 Greek philosophers Plato, Isocrates (and the Sophists) and Aristotle. The different aspects of the written and the spoken word where the Greeks noticed the influence of the spoken word and the use of certain words and phrases on the mindsets of the people led them to think about the rhetoric. The various words and their ideal usage of influence the people was a great part of the Greek Polity. The participation of the citizens and valuing their opinions in the different aspects of the political and the social sectors led the use of the rise of rhetoric in the Greek society (Ackrill, 2001). The different people perceive and comprehend language differently making it necessary for the ones influencing them to use the language in a better way to make the people understand their opinion and support them. The classical rhetoric is distributed into ethos, logos and pathos (Ackrill, 2001). Ethos is the personality of the person putting forward the argument and the credibility of the person in the opinion of the audience. The ethos of the person depends on the image of his goodness in the audience. Logos is the content of the speech of the person. The logic and the persuasiveness of the appeal will be judged by the different factors affecting the validity of the statement made by the person, the validity of an argument also depends on the language and the data used in the different speech and the arguments. Enthymeme and logical syllogism is important part of the persuasive speech on which the different aspects of the argument depends (Rhys Roberts, 2008). The syllogism makes the audience ore involved in the argument increasing the chances of a positive outcome. The use of positive examples in the speech is also considered to be the important part of the speech. Pathos is the part of the rhetoric where the orator takes the opinions of the audience taking into account their feedback about the speech. The audience should empathize with the orator to make the speech successful. The orator should be able to comprehend the body language of the audience to gain this feedback from the audience.

Rhetorical Styles and Strategies

Rhetorical styles and strategies helps in making the texts more persuasive and acceptable to the audience which would affect the different thought process of the audience affecting their stream of thought in favor of the opinion of the orator. There are a number of different styles used in the persuasive speech which helps in the different aspects relating to the various content used in the speech for the proper fulfilment of the different needs of the people in the speech. The different forms of grammatical and literary tools in the speech or the written text helps in the analysis of the speech and make it more influential for the audience. The different literary tools are used in the speech to increase their effectiveness in influencing the audience of the different societies. The different tools like simile, metaphor symbolism and syllogism is used to make the argument effective in the case of the different speeches. The usage of the literary theories in examples during a speech is an important strategy in the field of persuasive speaking. The similes help in citing similar examples to the different situations the speaker wishes to inform (Atkinson, 1984). Metaphors make the speech interesting by making different situations with the similar outcomes linked. The use of symbolism is one of the most persuasive art in the style of speaking which makes the audience relate to the different aspects of thought and invoke their thinking regarding the same. One of the important aspects of the persuasive speech is syllogism is one of the philosophical correlation in the figure of speech which makes the different aspects of the speech interesting for the audience. The strategies of rhetoric speaking focuses on making the topic of speech interesting for the audience including a number of situational changes to make the audience involved in the argument. One of the important strategies is to make the speech interactive by making the speech interactive for the audience and helping them to feel atone with the spoken terms. The inclusion of stories and personal statements make the speech more interpersonal and hence more persuasive for the audience. The different styles and strategies are used for the making the speech interesting and reachable and relative to the audience thoughts.

In his discourse Kennedy goes about to involve the majority of the audience member in his speech for the purpose he wishes to be fulfilled. There were numerous issues to be mitigated in this case ? opportunity and freedom were endangered, presence of neediness and wretchedness, and absence of peace and civility? and he felt the obligation to correct the situation. He expresses that hi coming to the office should mark a change in the overall situation of the American society marking a change in its performance. Moreover, Kennedy additionally interacts with the group of audience and with his speech tries to reach out to the last of the audience present in the crowd. Beside similar foundations, Americans tend to share a common cultural goal too in the society. Kennedy makes use of moral interests in the speech to invoke the audience to have faith in his leadership while likewise adding to his believability as a recently chose president. He takes a similar pledge as by the founding fathers of America to demonstrate his responsibility of protecting the fundamental human rights. Kennedy's validation of the statement compels the audience to believe in the change that he is seeking in the country. This association between the president? who can have an effect on the world? and audience shows that the audience of the country shares a common belief and wants to see the change in the country. The audince choose to be interactive in the speech which shows good rhetoric capability as they choose to participate in the speech. In this discourse, Kennedy expects to achieve two primary goals: unification of Americans and people, and to call his gathering of people to obligation. His utilization of common bases and morals proved effective in making the nation and world as one, at the same time attempting to reiterate his call for the audience to perform their duties. The call of the performance of the duties among the audience is greatly affected by the call for duty for the betterment of the nation. The whole discourse is legitimately organized that streams from point to point, and the core ideas are well communicated. More grounded than the interest to rationale, in any case, is the interest to feelings. Sentiments, for example, pride and expectation are appeared differently in relation to feelings, for example, dread and pity, and this complexity attempts to bring out capable feelings in the group of onlookers.

References

Ackrill, J., L., (2001). Essays on Plato and Aristotle. Oxford Unoversity Press.

Atkinson, M., (1984). Our Masters’ Voices. Routledge.

Burg, B., (2011). The Art of Persuasion. Sound Wisdom.

German, K.,M., (2010). Principles of Public Speaking. Boston. Allyn & Bacon.

Rhys Roberts, W., (2008). Aristotle Art of Persuasion. Megaphone e-books.

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[Accessed 13 July 2024].

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