Discuss about the Report for Ethical Dilemma using DET Technique of Doing Ethics Techniques.
“Doing Ethics Techniques” is defined as one of the most significant tool that helps in searching out the both ethical as well as non-ethical issues that are related with a scenario. The method assists in motivating the researchers in order to find out the answers of the simple questions that are helpful in finding all the incidents that are related with the scenario.
In this assignment,” Doing Ethics Technique” is used in order to describe the nature of the incident (https://www.scmagazine.com/nhs-sharing-unfiltered-medical-data-on-16m-patients-with-google-ai-company/article/493730/). The findings of the research have been discussed in this report.
The incident that is discussed is reported by one the news website (https://www.scmagazine.com/nhs-sharing-unfiltered-medical-data-on-16m-patients-with-google-ai-company/article/493730/). The title of the news article is “NHS sharing unfiltered medical data on 1.6M patients with Google AI Company” and the article was published on 2nd May 2016. The incident is helpful in describing the news historical healthcare data on 1.6 million patients with Google's artificial intelligence company DeepMind.
The “National Health Service” have contracted with the “ Google’s artificial Intelligence” and as a result the health care service was agreed to share both the new as well as the historical data of 1.6 million patients (Bradley, 2016). The data was provided to the “Google’s artificial Intelligence” as a part of joint venture in order to develop groundbreaking apps for the healthcare.
Performing DET on the article
What is going on?
The healthcare NHS has signed a contract with a company named DeepMind. The company agreed to provide both the historical as well recent data of the patients to the company. This is because the company DeepMind with the help of Google’s artificial intelligence aimed at implementing an app that helps in detecting the functioning of the kidney (Bradley, 2016). The data of the healthcare will be helpful for DeepMind in implementing the app.
What are the facts?
In order to implement better apps for the health care the “ National Health Service” have sign a contract by agreeing the fact that they will provide both the historical as well as recent information about 1.6 million patients to the “Google’s artificial Intelligence” company DeepMind. The organization or the company DeepMind will get comprehensive access to the medical data of those patients who have visited the three hospital of London (Bradley, 2016). The three hospitals include “Royal Free NHS Trust- Barnet General, Royal Free and Chase Farm. The data may reveal the history about drug abuse, abortions, and other different sensitive information (Warren & Lucas, 2016).
It was later announced by the company DeepMind that it was partnering with NHS in order to create an app that is known as Streams that helps in monitoring the function of kidney (Burmeister et al., 2014). It also helps in the implementation procedure of an early stage task management that is known as Hark, which is designed in order to help the medical experts in their organization thus it helps in providing more efficient care.
What are the ethical and non- ethical issues?
The healthcare NHS agreed to share both the new as well as historical data of 1.6 million patients. This is an ethical issue because privacy of the data gets destroyed. The data may reveal the history about drug abuse, abortions, and other different sensitive information (Jones, 2016). The data or information about the names, addresses as well as financial data including credit card number gets revealed which can create problem for the patients.
The unethical issue that was found in the scenario is that the data are used for creating an app which will be helpful in detecting the functioning of the kidney (Kavathatzopoulos, 2015). According to an agreement, The DeepMind has to delete the copies of patient’s data after the implementation process of the app gets completed or when the agreement between the both expires.
Who is affected?
The NHS share sensitive data to the company and as a result 1.6 million people are in danger as there is a chance of revelation about their personal data including financial (Kilchoer et al., 2014).The data and information of the patients are unsecure and if it gets revealed then it will raise a lot of problem to them.
What are the ethical issues and implications?
The sharing of data and information about the patients is one of the ethical issues (Lindley et al., 2013). The sharing of data may reveal some sensitive information about the patients including their personal as well as financial data.
In order to keep the data secure, the healthcare must keep a contract with DeepMind so that the privacy of the patients does not get accessed. (Muhammad & Shah, 2015). The contract must highlights the fact that it is the responsibility of the company to keep the data secure.
What can be done about it?
In order to keep the data and information of the patients secure, it is the responsibility of both the healthcare as well as the company to be conscious and implement proper strategies to avoid revelation of sensitive information about the patients.
What are the options?
The options that are required in order to keep the data of the patient secure include:
- The company needs to build a database which is accessed only by the higher authorities of the organization.
- The company needs to implement a legal rule for maintaining the confidentiality of the data, so that if any how if an individual’s data gets hacked, they can take legal action.
Which option is best and why?
The best option to keep the data and information of the patients secure the DeepMind needs to built a database which is only accessed by the higher authorities of the organization. The option reduces the chance of revelation because the procedure increases the confidentiality of the data.
The application of “Doing Ethics Technique” on the selected article is helpful in understanding the ethical issue that is related with the incident. The outcome from the analysis is very much helpful in understanding the situation. The recommendation or implication provided is helpful in enhancing the confidentiality of the data and information of the patients.
Bradley Barth, S. (2016). NHS sharing unfiltered medical data on 1.6M patients with Google AI company. SC Magazine. Retrieved 16 September 2016, from https://www.scmagazine.com/nhs-sharing-unfiltered-medical-data-on-16m-patients-with-google-ai-company/article/493730/
Burmeister, O., Al-Saggaf, Y., Schwartz, M., & Johnson, L. (2014). Internet resources to help Australian ICT professionals identify and solve ethical challenges. ACIS.
Jones, S. (2016). Doing the right thing: computer ethics pedagogy revisited.Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, 14(1), 33-48.
Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2015). ICT and sustainability: skills and methods for dialogue and policy making. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, 13(1), 13-18.
Kilchoer, S. L., Beersma, B., & Homan, A. (2014). The role of Ethical Leadership in the Task/Relationship Conflict Dilemma and its influence on Job Outcomes.
Lindley, D., Aynsley, B., Driver, M., Godfrey, R., Hart, R., Heinrich, G., ... & Wilkinson, K. (2013). 11. Educating for professionalism in ICT: Is learning ethics professional development?. Professionalism in the Information and Communication Technology Industry, 3, 211.
Muhammad, A., Ahamd, F., & Shah, A. (2015). Resolving Ethical Dilemma in Technology Enhanced Education through smart mobile devices.International Arab Journal of e-Technology, 4(1), 25-31.
Warren, M., & Lucas, R. (2016). Ethics and ICT: Why all the fuss?. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, 14(2).