The assignment focuses on the factors (personal and environmental) that can make affect on the self esteem positively and negatively. In sociology and the psychology, the self esteem is the factor that reflects all kinds of the overall emotional evaluation that is of his or her won worth with the judgment of oneself with the attitude of other. As per the assignment, the self esteem encompasses the beliefs and these beliefs reflect that I am competent, I am more valuable or I am worthy of it. The emotions like that of the triumph, despair, pride and shame may occur at the same time. Smith and Mackie have defined the self-concept as it is the positive or the negative evaluations of the self regarding to what kind of feelings we have or what we feel for it. According to Branden, the self esteem is the reflection of the sum of the self confidence that is related to the personal capacity and self respect related to the environment and the feeling of the personal growth. Darling (2000) says that there is the implicit judgment and every person has the ability to face the life’s challenges with the understanding nature and the solving of the problems and the right that they have regarding to the happiness.
Keverne (2004) says that for the students it is like the deposition where the judgments are represented and it is all worthiness. in the year it was like that of the mid-1960s, where the sociologist Morris Rosenberg argues that it became the most widely used measurement of these of esteem known as the Rosenberg self esteem scale. According to the researcher Jennifer Crocker, PhD at the university of Michigan institute of social research has said that students who have their self worth on the external sources that includes the self appearances and approval from others are get indulge in it with the tiredness, motivation, alcohol etc.
Harme (2001) says that the self esteem that so based on the kind of the environment that the students goes is always based on the various things like that of the external sources where the students look to the better of the self esteem and they start taking the alcohol and such like activities. Even in the recent studies, it has been founded that it has made great impact on the health of the students.
Factors affecting self esteem positively or negatively’
Type of relationship: McMahan (2005) says that the type of the relationship that the students have with their teachers always made an impact like when the teacher is friendly then they would be able to get the support.
Interpersonal relationship: teachers always find that the students have negative esteem that is related to the following reason:
- Learning problems
- Unstable home lives
- Frequent illnesses
- Behavior problems and
- Social and emotional problems
Condescending attitudes: El-Anzi (2005)) says that when the students have a kind of this kind of attitude then their lowers the self esteem.’
Impersonal attitude: with the impersonal attitude one is able to get the low self esteem and the students face the same there with this low esteem
Favoritism: This kind of thing that definitely makes a impact on the students. When the teacher is a kind of being that it is making disruptions in the class room with the favoritism then it definitely will make a negative impact on the students.
Dole (2005) says that the factors are both the personal and environmental that makes a positive and negative impact on the students self esteem. Therefore, it is advised by many psychologists to the teacher to keep the consistency in the efforts that would not make any kind of the non-positive things around them. There are various factors that have been discussed and it all clearly explains that with it, there can be made the self esteem to the higher notion to the lower. As many psychologist and the educationists always prefer the self esteem to be get prevented by the circumstances that are negative in nature. Thus, self esteem is affected by the above positive a negative things and matters.
Darling-Hammond, L. 2000. Teacher quality and student achieve- ment: A review of state policy evidence. Educational Policy Analysis Archives 8:1-48. https://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v8n1/ (accessed January 20, 2002).
Dole, S., and J. McMahan. 2005. Using video therapy to help adolescents cope with social and emotional problems. Intervention in School and Clinic 40 (3): 151-55.
El-Anzi, F. 2005. Academic achievement and its relationship with anxiety self-esteem, optimism and pessimism in Kuwaiti students. Social Behavior and Personality 33 (1): 95-104.
Harme, B. K., and R. C. Pianta. 2001. Early teacher-child relationships and the trajectory of children’s school outcomes through eighth grade. Child Development 72:625-38.
Keverne, E. 2004. Understanding well-being in evolutionary context of brain development. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences 359 (1449): 1349-59.
Legum, H., and C. Hoare. 2004. Impact of a career intervention on at-risk middle school student’s career maturity levels, academic achievement, and self-esteem. Professional School Counseling (110): 148-56